Chapter Six reverse Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter Six reverse Deck (27):
1

The crime of encouraging the perpetrator of a crime without providing physical assistance.
Although not stated, implies being present

Abetting

2

Offence does not require mens rea.
No defense possible.

absolute liability

3

is one who, knowing that a person has been a party to the offence, receives, comforts or assists that person for the purpose of enabling that person to escape.

accessory after the fact

4

“The guilty action”
In most cases a criminal act must be completed to meet the criteria of as an offence.
Actus Reus must be voluntary.

actus reas

5

Helping the perpetrator commit the crime.
Don’t have to be present

aiding

6

Had the intention (Mens Rea) to commit a crime but it was not carried through.
does not require the standard Actus Reus (The physical preparation/planning of the crime- stealing weapons, written plans, ect.)

attempt

7

An agreement between two or more people to carry out an illegal act, even if that act does not actually occur.
(Same as attempt, but with more than one person)

conspiracy

8

Involves advising, recommending or persuading another person to commit a criminal offence.
(Beyond encouragement, to providing a “road map”. Instructing someone in a criminal offence. “You’re the boss”.)

counselling

9

Any action or omission of an act that is prohibited and punishable by federal statute.

crime

10

The body of laws that prohibit and punish acts that injure individual people, property, and the entire community.
Main purpose:
1.) Keep order
2.) Protect people and property
3.) Preserve standards of public decency

criminal law

11

everyone who:
In doing anything, or
In omitting to do anything that it is his duty to do, shows a wanton or reckless disregard for the lives or safety of others.
The mens rea is the “wanton or reckless disregard”
Judged by what a reasonable person would do

Criminally Negligent

12

The defense that the accused took every reasonable precaution

due diligence

13

commit a wrongful act with no additional motive (easier to prove)

general intent

14

He or she meant to do something wrong, reckless regarding the consequences, results are foreseeable

intent

15

You have awareness of certain facts
Can be used to establish mens rea

knowledge

16

********the state of being responsible for something, esp. by law. **********

liability

17

“The Guilty Mind”
• The act was intentional, knowing, negligent, reckless, or wistfully blind (WINKR)

mens rea

18

• The reason a person commits a crime
• Intent refers to state of mind
• is not one of elements that the crown must prove to convict the accused.

motive

19

People indirectly involved in performing a crime.

parties to an offence

20

Shared responsibility among criminals for additional offences committed during the course of the original crime.

party to common intention

21

a person who commits an illegal or criminal act

perpetrator

22

Laws passed by provinces and municipalities
Cover less serious offences
Often punishment is through fines

quasi-criminal laws

23

the accused had the necessary intent to commit the crime because of the reckless behavior.

recklessness

24

Federal or provincial statutes meant to protect the public
Do not have to prove mens rea for many
Environment protection, workplace safety, Traffic offences

regulatory law

25

the desire to commit one wrongful act to accomplish another

specific intent

26

Offences which do not require mens rea.
Can offer the defense of due diligence.

strict liability offences

27

Deliberately closing your mind to the possible consequences of your actions.
Aware of the need to make an inquiry but fail to do so because you do not wish to know the truth.

willful blindness