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Flashcards in chapter three Deck (48):
1

individual differences

are the many attributes such as traits and behaviors that describe each of us as a person

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relatively fixed

stable over time and across situations and are difficult to change; intelligence and personality

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relatively flexible

emotions and attidudes

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intelligence

represents an individual's capacity for constructive thinking, reasoning and problem solving

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linguistic intelligence

potential to learn and use spoken and written langauges

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logical mathematical intelligence

potential for deductive reasoning, problem analysis and mathematical calculation

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musical intelligence

potential to appreciate compose and perform music

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bodily-kinesthetic intelligence

potential to use mind and body to coordinate physical movement

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spatial intelligence

potential to recognize and use patterns

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interpersonal intelligence

potential to understand connect with and effectively work with others

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intrapersonal intelligence

potential to understand regulate yourself

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naturalist intelligence

potential to love in harmony with your environment

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Gardner's Eight intelligences

linguistic, logical-mathematical, musical, bodily-kinesthetic, spatial, interpersonal, intrapersonal, naturalizt

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practical intelligence

is the ability to solve everyday problems by utilizing knowledge gained from experience in order to purposefully adapt to, shape and select environment...everyday problem solving

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Thurstone's right primary mental abilities

-verbal
-number
-perceptual speed
-rote memory
-inductive reasoning
-deductive reasoning
-word fluency
-space or visualization

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lumpers

believe that underlying intelligence lies a general reasoning ability =g

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splitters

believe that specific abilities like for example mathematical,verbal and spatial underlie performance

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what was the father of the lumpers?

Speaman, he argured that "g" was mental energy

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two factor theory

-"g" and test specific factors "s"

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evidence for g

-different mental tests tend to rank order individuals in the same way
-people who do well on one test tend to do well on others
-the overlap suggests that all such tests measure some global element of intellectual ability

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Father of Splitters

Thurstone, he that Spearman was wrong

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What is one of the best predictors of job performance?

General Mental ability (GMA)

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quantity and quality(types of data)

affected by extraneous factors,
can distort direction of effort

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personnel data

attendance, career progression and accidents

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ratings

biased

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personality

the combination of stable physical, behavioral, and mental characteristic that give individuals their unique identities

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five dimensions of personality

ocean

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o

openness to experience

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c

conscientiousness

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e

emotional stability

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a

agreeableness

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n

neuroticism

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proactive personality

is an attribute of someone "relatively unconstrained by situational forces and who effects environmental change. They show initiative and take on opportunities

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what has the strongest effect on job performance?

conscientiousness

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what has a smaller positive effect on job performance?

extroversion

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A broad personality trait comprised of four narrow and positive individual traits

-Generalized self-efficacy
-self esteem
-locus of control
-emotional stability

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self-efficacy

is a belief about your chances of successfully accomplishing a specific

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self-esteem

is a general belief about your self-worth
-it is relatively stable across your lifetime but it can be improved

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locus of control

describes how much personal responsibility someone takes for their behavior and its consequences

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External Locus of Control

Things happen to me.
I blame others for failures.
I can’t control the future

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Internal Locus of Control

I make things happen.
I can determine my future.
I accept personal responsibility for failures.

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emotional stability

is associated with a greater focus on and practice of workplace safety.

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`emotional inelligence

the ability to monitor one's own emotions and those of others, to discriminate among them and use this information guide one's thinking and action

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key components of emotional intelligence

personal competence and social competence

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emotions

complex, relatively brief response aimed at a particular person, information, experience or event

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what is a "backward-looking" or retrospective emotion?

anger

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what is a "forward-looking" or prospective emotion?

fear

48

display norms

rules that dictate which types of emotions are expected and appropriate for their members to show.