Flashcards in chapter three Deck (48):
are the many attributes such as traits and behaviors that describe each of us as a person
stable over time and across situations and are difficult to change; intelligence and personality
emotions and attidudes
represents an individual's capacity for constructive thinking, reasoning and problem solving
potential to learn and use spoken and written langauges
logical mathematical intelligence
potential for deductive reasoning, problem analysis and mathematical calculation
potential to appreciate compose and perform music
potential to use mind and body to coordinate physical movement
potential to recognize and use patterns
potential to understand connect with and effectively work with others
potential to understand regulate yourself
potential to love in harmony with your environment
Gardner's Eight intelligences
linguistic, logical-mathematical, musical, bodily-kinesthetic, spatial, interpersonal, intrapersonal, naturalizt
is the ability to solve everyday problems by utilizing knowledge gained from experience in order to purposefully adapt to, shape and select environment...everyday problem solving
Thurstone's right primary mental abilities
-space or visualization
believe that underlying intelligence lies a general reasoning ability =g
believe that specific abilities like for example mathematical,verbal and spatial underlie performance
what was the father of the lumpers?
Speaman, he argured that "g" was mental energy
two factor theory
-"g" and test specific factors "s"
evidence for g
-different mental tests tend to rank order individuals in the same way
-people who do well on one test tend to do well on others
-the overlap suggests that all such tests measure some global element of intellectual ability
Father of Splitters
Thurstone, he that Spearman was wrong
What is one of the best predictors of job performance?
General Mental ability (GMA)
quantity and quality(types of data)
affected by extraneous factors,
can distort direction of effort
attendance, career progression and accidents
the combination of stable physical, behavioral, and mental characteristic that give individuals their unique identities
five dimensions of personality
openness to experience
is an attribute of someone "relatively unconstrained by situational forces and who effects environmental change. They show initiative and take on opportunities
what has the strongest effect on job performance?
what has a smaller positive effect on job performance?
A broad personality trait comprised of four narrow and positive individual traits
-locus of control
is a belief about your chances of successfully accomplishing a specific
is a general belief about your self-worth
-it is relatively stable across your lifetime but it can be improved
locus of control
describes how much personal responsibility someone takes for their behavior and its consequences
External Locus of Control
Things happen to me.
I blame others for failures.
I can’t control the future
Internal Locus of Control
I make things happen.
I can determine my future.
I accept personal responsibility for failures.
is associated with a greater focus on and practice of workplace safety.
the ability to monitor one's own emotions and those of others, to discriminate among them and use this information guide one's thinking and action
key components of emotional intelligence
personal competence and social competence
complex, relatively brief response aimed at a particular person, information, experience or event
what is a "backward-looking" or retrospective emotion?
what is a "forward-looking" or prospective emotion?