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Flashcards in Chapter4 Deck (19):
1

Bribe (n,v)
Bribery

رشوه - رشوه خواري
♦️she had been offered a bribe to drop the charges.
♦️they bribed the gaurds with cigarettes.
♦️she bribed him to sign the certificate.
♦️she was arrested on bribery charges.
♦️accusations of bribery and corruption.

2

Scandal(n)

ننگ - رسوايي
♦️to cause a scandal
♦️to create a scandal
♦️there has been no hint of scandal during his time in office.
♦️the real scandal is that nothing has been done to make sure it doesn't happen again.
♦️monetary scandals surrounding the government.
♦️a sex-abuse scandal.

3

Unmask(v)

نقاب از چيزي برداشتن - اشكار كردن
To show the true character of sb or a hidden truph about sth.
♦️to unmask a spy
♦️it is a film that requires the viewer to pay attention and wait for its true face to unmask.
♦️to unmask the truths behind sth.
♦️now astrophysicists began to unmask the true character of universe.

4

Convict

محكوم كردن
♦️he was convicted of crime
♦️there wasn't adequate evidence to convict her
♦️he was convicted on a drug charge
♦️she was convicted for her part in the crime
♦️he was convicted of the murder of two tennagers

5

Apprehend(v)

Arrest and capture
♦️the police apprehended an armed suspect adjacent to the scene of the crime.
♦️the thief was apprehended in the act of stealing a car.
♦️

6

Ascertain(v)

To find out
♦️it can be difficult to ascertain the facts.
♦️i ascertained that the driver was not badly hurt.
♦️it should be ascertained that the plans comply with the law.
♦️the police are trying to ascertain what really happened.

7

Advocate(v)

To support
♦️the group doesn't advocate the use of violence.
♦️many experts advocate rewarding your child for good behaviour.
♦️the report advocated that all buildings be fitted with smoke detectors.
♦️these policies have been broadly advocated.

8

Intrusive
Intrusively

فضول - فضولانه
Interfering in an unwanted way
♦️intrusive questions
♦️the constant presence of the media was very intrusive
♦️i've had enough of your intrusive questions

9

Seize(v)

تصرف كردن - غارت كردن - قاپيدن
Grab
♦️they seized the airport in a surprise attack
♦️the army has seized control of the country
♦️terrorists has seized his wife
♦️she promptly seized the opportunity his absence gave her
♦️to seize the opportunity

10

Surveillance(n)

Observation
♦️the police are keeping the suspects under constant surveillance.
♦️surveillance cameras
♦️surveillance equipment
♦️the country's borders are kept under constant surveillance

11

Abduct(v) - kidnap

ادم ربايي كردن
♦️he had attempted to abduct the two children
♦️child abduction
♦️two businessmen have been kidnapped by terrorists
♦️the kidnappers are demanding 1 million dollars
♦️he admitted the charge of kidnap

12

Smuggle(v)

♦️to smuggle sth in/out
♦️they were apprehended smuggling diamonds into the country
♦️he managed to smuggle a gun into the prison
♦️smuggled drugs
♦️weapons are being smuggled across the border

13

Detain(v)

بازداشت كردن
♦️one man has been detained for questioning
♦️he was kidnapped and briefly detained by a terrorist group
♦️prisoners cannot be detained indefinitely without charge
♦️she was apprehended and detained for disturbing
♦️two people were detained in hospital following the crash

14

Kin

Relatives
♦️marriage between close kin is prohibited
♦️loyalty to blood kin

15

Ancestor(n)
Ancestral

# descendant
♦️his ancestors had come to america from ireland
♦️he can trace his ancestors back
♦️our earliest ancestors lived in a world fraught with danger
♦️her ancestral home
♦️a distant ancestor of mine
♦️the two species share a common ancestor

16

Compillation

گرداوري

17

Rationale

اساس. بنياد

18

Accompanied

همراه شدن با - همراه كردن با

19

Weep

Cry
🔴weep not for roads untraveled