Chapters 5.1 - 5.5 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapters 5.1 - 5.5 Deck (50)
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1

______ is the largest country on earth, spanning the continents of Europe and Asia.

Russia

2

______ is the capital of Russia.

Moscow

3

_____ is considered the cultural epicenter of Russia.

St. Petersburg

4

Most of Russia has a _____ climate.

Subarctic

5

Russia is known for its tropical forests.

False

6

Uzbekistan's, Turkmenistan's, and Afghanistan's vegetation is predominantly desert.

True

7

Natural Gas is the primary resource for economic activity in Afghanistan.

False

8

Russia is comprised of many different ethnic groups.

True

9

The ______ ______, which most geographers consider the border between Europe and Asia, run through Russia's western portion.

Ural Mountains

10

The primary religion in Russia is _______ _______.

Eastern Orthodox

11

The area called ______ reaches from the Ural Mountains to the Pacific Ocean.

Siberia

12

______ remain two major exports from the Central Asia region.

Oil and Cotton

13

In 1812, the French emperor, _____ invaded Russia and successfully captured Moscow.

Napoleon Bonaparte

14

The Ukrainian _______ power plant had a meltdown in 1986 resulting in deaths of 32 people and causing radiation Contamination to spread over millions of acres of land where many thousands of people had to be evacuated.

Chernobyl

15

Russia's population is double the population of the United States.

False

16

Northern Siberia is mostly Tundra, a frozen, treeless area.

True

17

Sweden lost the Great Northern War, which was fought between the countries of Sweden and Russia.

True

18

The Aral Sea is shrinking because the main feeding Rivers the Amu and Syr, have been largely diverted for irrigation purposes.

True

19

The large-scale movement of Siberian people begin only after the completion of the _________________in 1905.

Trans-Siberian Railroad

20

During the Cold War in 1979, the Soviet Union invaded _____________.

Afghanistan

21

The Tribe Called Rus founded the state that became Russia at the city of _________.

Kiev

22

During the 1200s, _________ invaded parts of Russia and ruled these areas for several decades.

Mongols

23

The USSR was governed according to ________ ideas.

communist

24

The Soviet Union survived until the economic and political problems made the government end in __________.

1991

25

Diverse population in Russia resulted from centuries of geographic growth add political change.

True

26

The Soviet Union did not allow religious practice for nearly 20 years.

False

27

How to say Muslims makeup between 50 and 55 percent of the population in Russia.

False

28

Imperialists are political leaders who want to take over other countries to make their own country larger and more powerful.

True

29

When the Bolsheviks gained control of the country in 1922, the new nation was called _________________.

Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR), or the Soviet Union.

30

As a response to Soviet invasion and religious restrictions, the ruling Taliban in Afghanistan created a government using the teachings of __________.

Islam

31

In 1917, the people of Russia became so tired of fighting and dying in World War 1 that they overthrew their king, _____ _______ ___.

Tsar Nicholas 11

32

A year after the new Russian Provisional Government promised democratic elections and equal rights for all, it was overthrown by radical _______ led by Vladimir Lenin.

Bolsheviks

33

_______ _____, the leader of Russia following Lenin's death, completed Lenin's process of creating a totalitarian state.

Joseph Stalin

34

Following the Soviet withdrawal in 1989, Afghanistan fell into civil war and from this emerged an intolerant, extreme Islamic movement called the _______.

Taliban

35

Leinin based his ideas on the theories of communism put forward by Karl Marx in the mid-1800s.

True

36

By the 1980s, relations between the United States and the USSR had gone from bad to worse as a nuclear arsenals on both sides grew during the Cold War.

True

37

The USSR and most of the rest of Central Asia based their economies on the principles of market capitalism.

False

38

The Russian Federation adopted its constitution in 2003.

False

39

In 1999, the Russian Prime Minister _______ _______, later made president, oversaw the invasion of Chechnya after a Chechen terrorist attack within Russia.

Vladimir Putin

40

Central Asia's five former Soviet republics- _________, _________, _________, _________, and _________- have each established similar forms of government modeled on the system Russia created.

Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan

41

_______ has an average life expectancy of 49 and literacy rate of less than 30 percent.

Afghanistan

42

Throughout 1800s into the 1900s, Russia, Afghanistan, and Great Britain were involved in a tense dispute over boundaries known as _________.

The Great Game

43

With an extremely conservative Islamic government in control, Afghanistan became headquarters for al-Qaeda and its leader,_______ ______ _______.

Osama bin Laden

44

________ became the first democratically elected president of Afghanistan in 2004.

Hamid Karzai

45

Afghanistan has access to many major bodies of water, such as oceans or seas.

False

46

One of the few crops that grow well on Afghanistan's limited farmland is the opium poppy which is used to produce several drugs.

True

47

On September 11, 2001, al-Qaeda operatives launched a successful attack on the World Trade Center, in New York City, and the Pentagon, near Washington, D.C., using civilian aircraft as weapons.

True

48

Dependence on foreign aid in Afghanistan has created a culture of compassion that makes economic development thrive.

False

49

Afghanistan was first formed in the middle of the 1700s, when a leader, _______, _______, _______, united the Pashtun peoples.

Ahmad Shah Durrani

50

In response the September 11 attacks in New York and Washington, D.C., U.S. and British forces began air strikes against targets in Afghanistan and began providing support for a local resistance group called the _________ _________.

Northern Alliance