Chapters 8.1 - 8.5 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapters 8.1 - 8.5 Deck (50)
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1

_____ is the name of the mountain range in northern India/Nepal.

Himalayas

2

_____ _____ is the capital of India.

New Delhi

3

Most of South Asia’s economy comes from _____.

Farming

4

Pakistan’s primary climate is _____.

Desert

5

The wet season is monsoon season, which helps with agriculture but can also cause mudslides and heavy flooding.

True

6

India has the second largest population in the world, with more than one billion people living in its lands.

True

7

Bangladesh’s predominant religion is Buddhism.

False

8

Bhutan’s predominant ethnicity is Iranian.

False

9

______ is a beautiful and fertile land that some people have called paradise on earth.

Kashmir

10

The _____ are a string of islands near the southwestern tip of India in the Indian Ocean.

Maldives

11

Southeast Asia’s climate and culture are strongly affected by _____ winds and rain.

monsoon

12

One of the first cultures in the world began in the valley around the _______ more than 4,600 years ago.

Indus River

13

The ______ river is more than 1,500 miles long and flows southeast through India to the Bay of Bengal.

Ganges

14

If the monsoon rains are very light, ______ can occur which leads to crop failure and famine.

drought

15

Followers of Christianity believe that the Ganges River is holy.

False

16

There were two great cities of the early Indus valley civilization called Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro

True

17

By 1700 BCE, the Indus valley civilization had almost totally disappeared which brought an end to one of the world's earliest agricultural societies.

True

18

In 1960, India and Nepal signed a water treaty which allowed both nations to have use of the Indus River.

False

19

Smaller rivers and streams flow into the Indus River from snow in the ______ that has melted.

Himalayas

20

One famine in _______ in 1974-1975 killed more than 200,000 people.

Bangladesh

21

The most populous country in the South Asia region is ______, which has more than one billion people.

India

22

______ is a slang name for the Indian film industry.

Bollywood

23

The _____ was a series of paths and passages used by traders that linked the cities of China to the Middle east and Europe.

Silk Road

24

Pakistan is largely _____; therefore, their cuisine is made with specific Islamic food preparation practices.

Muslim

25

One of the most important festivals in Hinduism is the harvest festival of Ramadan.

False

26

The Hindus believe in reincarnation, the belief that individual beings live and die many times.

True

27

Islam is the majority religion in both Pakistan and Bangladesh.

True

28

______ is the most widely spoken language in India, while ______ is the official language of Pakistan.

Hindi and Urdu

29

Queen Elizabeth of Great Britain gave a company called the _______ _______ _______.

East India Company

30

For centuries, the ______ ______ in India was a central principle through which social position was understood.

caste system

31

In the year 1600, Queen Elizabeth l provided a royal grant to the _______ _______ _______ which gave it a monopoly over all English trade rights in the area.

East India Company

32

As a young man, _______ worked against discrimination in the British colonies of South Africa and India.

Mohandus Gandhi

33

More than half of India's population depends on _______ to survive.

agriculture

34

Gandhi's famous _______ taught Indians that they did not need trade because much of what they needed was available in India.

"salt march"

35

Beginning around 1750, the British military captured large areas of India by force/war and completely controlled India by 1858.

True

36

The number of Hindi speakers in India has helped import jobs from wealthy English-speaking countries.

False

37

India is the world's largest monarchy.

False

38

Great Britain granted independence to India and Pakistan in 1947.

True

39

Pakistan's high rate of _______ makes it tough to take advantage of the growth in technology services like India has.

illiteracy

40

Two important political groups who called for public support for public support for ending British rule were the _______ _______ _______, formed in 1885 and the _______ _______, formed in 1906.

Indian National Congress and the Muslim League

41

Years of _______ had made Indians doubt the value of being part of the world economy.

colonialism

42

Today, almost one-third of the people in India live in _______.

poverty

43

Under the caste system, the lowest group in Indian society is the _______, or untouchables.

Dalits

44

The problem of hundreds of thousands of educated Indians leaving India since the early 1990s for better opportunities abroad is called _______.

"brain drain"

45

Today, wealth in India is not distributed evenly because there is a small number of poor people and a large number of rich people.

False

46

The industries in modern-day India include information technology, customer service, manufacturing and textile, and film.

True

47

In India, boys are less likely to attend school than girls.

False

48

Discrimination based on caste is now illegal in India; however, it continues to be a problem.

True

49

_______ _______, a Dalit, is the first women speaker in the Indian Parliament.

Meira Kumar

50

About half of the rural villages in India lack basic services, including _______, _______ _______, _______ _______ _______, and _______ - _______ _______, and other infrastructure needed to improve economic opportunities.

electricity, good schools, good medical services, and well-kept roads