Chapters 9.1 - 9.5 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapters 9.1 - 9.5 Deck (50)
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1

The desert in the western portion of China is called the_________.

Taklimakan Desert

2

________ is the capital city of China.

Beijing

3

Mongolia's Main economic activity is_________.

Nomadic Herding

4

The ________ is the fifth largest desert in the world and the largest in Asia.

Gobi Desert

5

The elevation of Mount Everest is 29,035 ft (8,850 m) above sea level.

True

6

Japan's population density is more than double the population density of Mongolia.

True

7

North Korea and South Korea’s primary vegetation is Tropical Forest.

False

8

The dominant climate in Taiwan is Tropical Monsoon.

False

9

The majority religion in China is _________.

Buddhism

10

China's deserts are getting bigger do to ____________.

desertification

11

Thousands of years ago, the first civilizations in China grew from farming communities which developed in a valley surrounding the __________, also known as the Yellow River.

Huang He

12

The __________ people have lived in the cold, mountainous west region for more than 12,000 years and moved with their animals usually yak, sheep, goats, and cattle, from pasture to pasture.

Tibetan

13

Although the provinces along the eastern coast of China or less than one-third the size of the rest of the country, they are home to about _________ of China's population.

90 percent

14

________ has made Japan wealthy, but has create a challenge for humans and the environment.

Manufacturing

15

South Korea has energy stores of its own (oil, natural gas, or coal) to fuel its industry.

False

16

Before 1948, North and South Korea were known simply as Korea.

True

17

China has the world's largest population.

True

18

About two-thirds of China's energy comes from hydroelectric power.

False

19

To construct the _______ _______ _______, builders had to create ad preserver of water more than 400 miles long, which drowned more than 100 towns, and more than 1.2 million people had to be resettled.

Three Gorges Dam

20

The _______ ________ appears to be yellow in color as a result of population and silt.

Yangtze River

21

________ was likely first grown by humans in the Yangtze Valley in China 11,500 years ago.

Rice

22

_______ focuses on peace and order in society.

Confucianism

23

Laozi, who believe to be the founder of ________. taught that people should live simple and natural lives and be in balance with nature.

Daoism

24

________ religions have religious leaders who claimed magical powers and a connection with the gods.

Shamanism

25

Tai chi is a form of Mongolian martial arts.

False

26

Throat singing is traditional to China.

False

27

Haiku Is a traditional form of Korean poetry that is known for its simplicity.

False

28

From 1633 to 1853, foreigners could not enter Japan because of the Japanese “Closed Door Policy.”

True

29

_________ means "the process of becoming a citizen."

Naturalization

30

A _______ is a series of rulers from the same family.

dynasty

31

Beginning with the reforms of 1868, Japan took on a ________ with a powerful Monarch. This was called the Meiji Restoration.

Constitutional monarchy

32

The United States enter the Korean War to prevent the spread of ________ through Asia.

communism

33

________ is the least populated nation in East Asia.

Mongolia

34

In 1949, the communist leader Mao Zedong took control of ________.

China

35

By 1910, Korea became a part of the nation of Japan and lived under harsh Japanese rule.

True

36

The division along the 38th parallel (latitude 38 degrees N) separates the Korean Peninsula into the countries of East Korea and West Korea.

False

37

From 1392 until the early 1900s, the Korean Peninsula was ruled as a monarchy under the Joseon dynasty.

True

38

A recession is a period when economic growth increases.

False

39

After the Korean war ended in 1953, South Korea became a republic and North Korea, officially called the __________ __________ __________ _____ __________, became a totalitarian communist state.

Democratic People's Republic of Korea

40

_____ _________ is the current President of the People's Republic of China and the general secretary of the Communist Party of China.

Xi Jinping

41

_______ was not prepared for the force of the 30-foot waves of the March 2011 tsunami, which left 15,854 people dead and 3,203 people missing.

Japan

42

In 1976, one of the deadliest earthquakes in history occurred in _______, killing more than 240,000 people.

China

43

Earthquakes tend to occur along a ______, a crack in Earth's surface.

fault line

44

Many of the world's earthquakes, volcanoes, and tsunamis occur around the edges of the Pacific Ocean called the _______, where the six strongest earthquakes ever measured have occured.

Ring of Fire

45

Most coastal cities in Japan have high, concrete walls to keep most tsunamis from flooding the cities.

True

46

Japan is the least prepared city in the world for a typical tsunami.

False

47

The Pacific Plate is the smallest of all tectonic plates.

False

48

March 11, 2011, the fourth-strongest earthquake in recorded history hit Japan.

True

49

In 1923, a great earthquake struck Japan and destroyed the capital city, ________ and killed more than 140, 000 people.

Tokyo

50

____________ are large waves that are mainly caused by earthquakes, underwater landslides, or volcanic eruptions.

Tsunamis