Flashcards in Australia Final Deck (42)
______ is the smallest and only single-nation continent in the world.
Australia is located entirely ______ of the equator.
______ is Australia's National Anthem.
Advance Australia Fair
Australia's National Holiday is ______.
The ruler of Great Britain is the official Head of State in Australia.
The majority of the continent of Australia is Tropical Savanna.
Because Australia is an island, its climate is more unstable than the climate of other continents.
Australia experiences droughts, floods, and cyclones each year.
Australia has ______ states. They are: ______, ______, ______, ______,______, ______.
New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Victoria, Western Australia, and Tasmania.
Australia has ______ territories. They are: ______ and ______
The Australian Capital Territory and the Northern Territory.
______ was Australia's first major industry.
Australia is the world's largest producer of ______.
During, ______ Australia was cut off from Britain and had to produce many of its own manufactured goods.
World War l
Australia's most famous native animal is the ______.
Australia has limited mineral resources.
Australia is the world's largest exporter of gold.
In 1872, Bernhard Otto Holtermann found a 630 pound mass of gold in New South Wales.
When Europeans settled in Australia, they brought many species of animals that overpopulated and endangered Australia's ecology and native species of animals.
Australia is home to the world's only egg-laying mammals, the ______ and the ______.
duck-billed platypus and echidna
Australia's marsupials include the following 5 marsupials:
bandicoots, koalas, wombats, Tasmanian devils, and kangaroos
Australia's interior region is called the ______.
The ______ is one of Australia's most important trees and is used for making paper products, medicines, and soaps.
The first people to live in what is now Australia were the ______ who arrived over 40,000 years ago.
Australia was officially adopted as the name of the continent in ______.
About 50% of Australia's land is suitable for growing crops.
James Cook landed on Australia in 1770 and claimed the land for Britain.
Many of the first settlers were British prisoners placed in work camps or prisons.
Dutch is the official language of Australia.
Today, Aborigines account for ______ percent of Australia's population.
A ______ is a carved item, usually made of wood, which returns to its starting point when thrown correctly.
The discovery of ______ in 1851 spurred an increase in Australia's population.
In 1973, ______, a policy that limited the immigration of non-whites, was discarded.
In 2000, Australia served as the host for the ______, held in Sydney.
______ was founded in 1836 and was named for the wife of King William lV of England.
Dirk Hartog was the first European to have reached Australia.
Melbourne, the capital of New South Wales, is the largest and oldest city in Australia.
Canberra became Australia's national capital in 1927.
The largest and most populated Australian island is Cartier island.
In 1787, eleven ships carrying ______ passengers, including ______ convicts, sailed from England to Australia.
1,450 passengers and 736 convicts
On January 1, 1901, the ______ was established, giving power to a publicly-elected legislature although the British monarch was the symbolic ruler of the land.
Commonwealth of Australia
______ and ______ are the two Australian cities that began as settlements for convicts.
Sydney and Brisbane