Australia Final Flashcards Preview

Social Studies 7 > Australia Final > Flashcards

Flashcards in Australia Final Deck (42)
Loading flashcards...
1

______ is the smallest and only single-nation continent in the world.

Australia

2

Australia is located entirely ______ of the equator.

south

3

______ is Australia's National Anthem.

Advance Australia Fair

4

Australia's National Holiday is ______.

Australia Day

5

The ruler of Great Britain is the official Head of State in Australia.

True

6

The majority of the continent of Australia is Tropical Savanna.

False

7

Because Australia is an island, its climate is more unstable than the climate of other continents.

False

8

Australia experiences droughts, floods, and cyclones each year.

True

9

Australia has ______ states. They are: ______, ______, ______, ______,______, ______.

New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Victoria, Western Australia, and Tasmania.

10

Australia has ______ territories. They are: ______ and ______

The Australian Capital Territory and the Northern Territory.

11

______ was Australia's first major industry.

Agriculture

12

Australia is the world's largest producer of ______.

wool

13

During, ______ Australia was cut off from Britain and had to produce many of its own manufactured goods.

World War l

14

Australia's most famous native animal is the ______.

kangaroo

15

Australia has limited mineral resources.

False

16

Australia is the world's largest exporter of gold.

False

17

In 1872, Bernhard Otto Holtermann found a 630 pound mass of gold in New South Wales.

True

18

When Europeans settled in Australia, they brought many species of animals that overpopulated and endangered Australia's ecology and native species of animals.

True

19

Australia is home to the world's only egg-laying mammals, the ______ and the ______.

duck-billed platypus and echidna

20

Australia's marsupials include the following 5 marsupials:
1. ______
2. ______
3. ______
4. ______
5. ______

bandicoots, koalas, wombats, Tasmanian devils, and kangaroos

21

Australia's interior region is called the ______.

outback

22

The ______ is one of Australia's most important trees and is used for making paper products, medicines, and soaps.

eucalyptus

23

The first people to live in what is now Australia were the ______ who arrived over 40,000 years ago.

Aborigines

24

Australia was officially adopted as the name of the continent in ______.

1817

25

About 50% of Australia's land is suitable for growing crops.

False

26

James Cook landed on Australia in 1770 and claimed the land for Britain.

True

27

Many of the first settlers were British prisoners placed in work camps or prisons.

True

28

Dutch is the official language of Australia.

False

29

Today, Aborigines account for ______ percent of Australia's population.

2.5

30

A ______ is a carved item, usually made of wood, which returns to its starting point when thrown correctly.

boomerang

31

The discovery of ______ in 1851 spurred an increase in Australia's population.

gold

32

In 1973, ______, a policy that limited the immigration of non-whites, was discarded.

White Australia

33

In 2000, Australia served as the host for the ______, held in Sydney.

Summer Olympics

34

______ was founded in 1836 and was named for the wife of King William lV of England.

Adelaide

35

Dirk Hartog was the first European to have reached Australia.

True

36

Melbourne, the capital of New South Wales, is the largest and oldest city in Australia.

False

37

Canberra became Australia's national capital in 1927.

True

38

The largest and most populated Australian island is Cartier island.

False

39

In 1787, eleven ships carrying ______ passengers, including ______ convicts, sailed from England to Australia.

1,450 passengers and 736 convicts

40

On January 1, 1901, the ______ was established, giving power to a publicly-elected legislature although the British monarch was the symbolic ruler of the land.

Commonwealth of Australia

41

______ and ______ are the two Australian cities that began as settlements for convicts.

Sydney and Brisbane

42

The Japanese occupied ______ during World War ll.

Christmas Island