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Flashcards in CHEST Deck (64)
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1

What is described as a gripping, squeezing or pressure type pain, substernal or precordial in location and my be exertionally related?

Angina

2

How long does angina last for ?

10-30 min

3

What helps relive angina?

Nitroglycerin

4

What is a pain described as crushing and may radiate into the medial left arm or jaw?

MI

5

Cardiac pain is essentially______pain?

Ischemic

6

What test should be done if someone has an esophageal problem ?

Barium

7

Angina typically follows what?

Exertion

8

If angina occurs at rest without provocation what is it called/

Unstable angina

9

What does diaphoresis mean?

Sweating

10

How long does a MI last for?

Longer than 30 min dog

11

Does nitro help Mi’s ?

No no no

12

What is the 2 main causes for MI?

Coronary thrombus or vasospasm

13

What are the causes of angina?

Atherosclerosis and possibly vasospasm

14

Who is Tietzes syndrome common in?

Females over 50

15

What part on their body is messsed up in tietze syndrome?

Second and third costochondral junctions

16

What causes tietze syndrome?

Inflammatory reaction, overexertion and prolonged coughing.

17

Is tietze syndrome dangerous?

No, self resolving (benign)

18

What age group is gerd common in?

30-60

19

Meniscus sign is seen in what?

Pleurisy

20

Ventilation and perfusion scans are valuable in the diagnosis of what?

Pulmonary embolism

21

What hilum should be lower ?

Right, (left should never ever be lower than the right

22

On the right side of the hilum the arteries are visable how much of the time?

94 (left side is only 62)

23

What sign tells you of a collapse of the right upper lobe with superior margination of the horizontal fissure?

S sign of golden

24

Loss of the anatomic boarder of the heart is called what?

Positive silhouette sign

25

Are lung abnormalities more commonly increased densities or decreased?

Increased (called opacities)

26

Parenchymal disease has what patterns?

Airspace and interstitial

27

What is the most common consolidation lung pathology ?

Pneumonia

28

What are the 4 interstitial lung patterns?

Linear, reticular, modular, reticulonodular

29

What is the most common cause of interlobular septal thickening that produces Kerley A and B lines?

Pulmonary edema

30

Resorptive atelectasis =

Obstruction