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Flashcards in LE Deck (55)
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1

Complaint of instability of the knee you should think what?

Chronic ACL damage

2

Complaint of painful locking of the knee you should think what?

Meniscus tear

3

What injury of the knee would result from hyperextension?

ACL tear or patellar dislocation

4

What injury of the knee would result from hyperflexion?

PCL tear and or associated ACL tear

5

What injury of the knee would result from sudden deceleration ?

ACL tear

6

What injury of the knee would result from a vagus force?

MCL

7

What injury of the knee would result from vagus force with rotation ?

ACL, MCL and menisci

8

What injury of the knee would result from a blow to the flexed knee?

Contusion, patellar Fx, PCL tear

9

Tests for ACL ?

Lachmans, Ant drawer, pivot shift

10

Meniscus tests?

Compression/distraction, mchmurrarys

11

What are the Ottawa knee rules?

Patient over 55, iso tenderness or the patella and fibular head, cant flex knee to 90, cant bear weight immediately or take 4 steps.

12

What fx is associated with a ACL tear?

Segonds fx

13

The ACL lines in what plane

10-15 degrees externally rotated to the sagittal plane

14

What is the name of the triad and what are the 3 things it involves when talking about the knee?

O’Donohues triad, ACL, MCL, medial meniscus.

15

What sign is associated with a PCL?

SAG sign

16

Segonds fx indicate a tear of the ACL what percent of the time?

75-100%

17

If you see a segonds fx what do you need to next?

Take an MRI

18

If someone says their knee gives away what do you think is wrong?

Meniscus tear

19

Meniscal tears appear how ?

Extending to the articular outside surfaces

20

What is another name for osgood schlatters?

Traction apophysitis

21

Is a osgood schlatters a clinical diagnosis or a radiograpic one?

CLINICAL FINDINGS****

22

A young patient comes in with insidious onset of anterior knee pain with a limp what are you thinking ?

Osteochondroma desicacans

23

What is the most common cause of an intra articular loose body?

Osteochondritis desiccans

24

Osteochondritis desiccans most commonly affects what parts?

Lateral portion of th medial femoral condyle

25

What kind of fractures cause leakage of blow nad marrow into the joint which causes what?

Intra-articular, FBI

26

What does a FBI sign indicate / /. /> ?

Lipohemarthrosis

27

What should the suprapatellar bursa measure?

5 mm or less

28

In older patients, calf pain should always suggest a possibitly of what?

DVT

29

What test best tells you if someone has a DVT?

Doppler ultrasound

30

How do you evaluate for vascular claudication ?

Walking for 10 min