Child and Adolescent Disorders Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Child and Adolescent Disorders Deck (39):
1

a spectrum disorder that ranges from mild to severe

autism spectrum disorder

2

people with _______ are intellectually gifted and are known as ______. Excelling in certain areas of ________.

autism; "savants"; learning

3

what is the etiology of ASD

unknown but possible genetic link.
*NO link between MMR and vaccines

4

what are CM of ASD

deficits in social interactions, communication, and behavior

5

when should a child have hearing and speech evaluated

if they don't demonstrate language skills (babbling or gesturing) by 12mos
if they don't speak single words by 16mos
if they don't speak 2 word phrases by 24mos

6

what other problems could children with ASD have

intellectual disability
motor coordination problems
ADHD
sleep disturbances
constipation (GI issues)
seizure disorders

7

when should screening of ASD be

9mos
18mos
24-30mos

8

what are the 2 screening tools for ASD

modified checklist for Autism in Toddlers
the Ages and Stages Questionnaire

9

when is ASD diagnosed

often not until 2-3 years after symptoms are first recognized.
*Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule is the goal standard for dx ASD

10

what is the prognosis of ASD children

usually a severely disabling condition but some children improve with acquisition of language skills and communication with others. *some are independent but most require lifelong adult supervision

11

use of the movement of the horse as a strategy by therapists to address impairments, functional limitations, and disabilities in patients with neuromusculoskeletal dysfunction

hippotherapy

12

how is the therapy described as for ASD

highly STRUCTURED and INTENSIVE behavior modification program

13

when caring for these children with ASD what is important to remember

lessen environmental stimulation
introduce child to new situations slowly
assist with nutritional needs
encourage age appropriate play and communication
encourage support groups

14

what is a principle for behavior analysis

postive reinforcement

15

the use of these techniques and principles to bring about meaningful and positive change in behavior

applied behavior analysis (ABA)

16

what are a few calming activities for ASD

walk breaks
jobs that involve lifting
jumping on tramp
stress ball
velcro
gum/lollipop
brush
weighted blanket

17

refers to developmentally inappropriate degrees of inattention, impulsiveness, and hyperactivity

attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)

18

what are people with ADHD at greater risk for

depression and anxiety disorder
developmental disorders

19

what is the etiology of ADHD

genetic and environmental

20

what is the diagnostic criteria for ADHD

symptoms persisted for at least 6 most
to a degree that is maladaptive with developmental level

21

what are the 3 subtypes of ADHD

combined type
predominantly inattentive type (ADD)
predominantly hyperactive-impulsive type

22

what are symptoms of ADHD child who is having inattention

difficulty sustaining attention in tasks or play
fails to finish hw, chores, or duties
difficulty organizing tasks
often loses things necessary for tasks
easily distracted and forgetful

23

what are symptoms of ADHD child who is having hyperactivity- impulsivity

fights with hands or feet
often leaves seat in class
often runs around or climbs when inappropriate
difficulty playing quietly

24

often "on the go" or acts as if "driven by a motor"
and talks excessively

hyperactivity- impulsivity

25

often blurts out answers before questions have been completed, difficulty awaiting turn, interrupts others

hyperactivity-impulsivity

26

when evaluating a child for ADHD what can you give the parents and teachers

behavioral checklist and adaptive scales to fill our but the thing is it is not easy to dx because these are strictly subjective

27

what is the therapeutic mngmt of ADHD

fam education and counseling
meds
proper classroom placement
behavioral and psychotherapy therapy

28

what are figet spinners good for

allow kids with ADHD to focus their attention

29

focuses on the prevention of undesirable behavior

behavioral therapy

30

what is the most common psychostimulants for ADHD

methylphenidate hydrochloride (ritalin)
another one used is mixed amphetamine salts (adderall)

31

what are side effects of ADHD stimulants

appetite suppression
abd pain
suppression of growth
sleep disturbances
HA
crying and irritability
hypertension

32

what is important teaching for ADHD kids

caffeine decreases the efficacy of stimulant medication
if child has a decreased appetite have them take meds with or after meals instead of before
frequent, small meals and healthy snacks
sleepiness can lessen by admin meds earlier in the day and not past 6pm

33

ADHD parents need to pay close attention to safety especially around

traffic, guns, swimming pools, tools, poisonous chemicals
because ADHD children are at an increased risk for accidents and injuries due to impulsivity

34

a recurrent pattern of negativity, disobedience, angry outbursts, unwillingness to compromise, blaming others and seeking revenge

oppositional defiant disorder (ODD)

35

ODD is frequently associated with a dx of

anxiety disorder
mood disorder
ADHD
learning disabilities

36

if ODD is left untreated what can it progress to

conduct disorder

37

aggresion to people, bullying, physical fights, vandalism, shoplifting

conduct disorder

38

what is the hallmark for conduct disorder

aggressive behavior (known as delinquents)

39

what is the etiology of conduct disorder

genetic or they have stress or conflict in the family