Chp. 13 - Gross Muscle Anatomy Flashcards Preview

BIOL 2311 Lab - A&P I > Chp. 13 - Gross Muscle Anatomy > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chp. 13 - Gross Muscle Anatomy Deck (147)
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1

Name parts #1-4

1: Epicranial aponeurosis 2: Frontal belly; 3: Occipital belly 4: Epicranius

2

Name parts #5-7

5: Temporalis 6: Masseter 7: Sternocleidomastoid

3

Name parts #8-10

8: Trapezius 9: Splenius capitis 10: Platysma

4

Name parts #11-13

11: Depressor anguli oris 12: Depressor labii inferioris 13: Mentalis

5

Name parts #14-16

14: Orbicularis oris 15: Risorius 16: Buccinator

6

Name parts #17-19

17: Zygomatic minor and major 18: Levator Labii superioris 19: Orbicularis oculi

7

Name part #20

20: Corrugator supercilii

8

Name parts #1-2

1: Temporalis

2: Masseter

9

Name parts #3-4

3: Buccinator

4: Orbicularis oris

10

Name parts #1-3

1: Digastric

2: Anterior belly

3: Posterior belly

11

Name parts #4-6

4: Stylohyoid (cut)

5: Thyrohyoid

6: Thyroid cartilage of the larynx

12

Name parts #7-9

7: Thyroid gland

8: Sternothyroid

9: Omohyoid (inferior belly)

13

Name parts #10-12

10: Sternocleidomastoid

11: Sternohyoid

12: Omohyoid (superior belly)

14

Name parts #13-15

13: Hyoid bone

14: Stylohyoid

15: Mylohyoid

15

Name parts #1-3

1: Subclavius

2: Clavicle

3: Subscapularis

16

Name parts #4-6

4: Pectoralis minor

5: Coracobrachialis

6: Serratus anterior

17

Name parts #7-9

7: Humerus

8: Biceps brachii

9: Sternum

18

Name parts #10-12

10: pectoralis major

11: deltoid

12: sternocleidomastoid

19

Name parts #1-3

1: levator scapulae 

2: supraspinatus

3: clavicle

 

20

Name parts #4-6

4: spine of scapula

5: infraspinatus?

6: teres minor

 

21

Name parts #7-9

7: humerus

8: latissimus dorsi

9: teres major

 

22

Name parts #10-12

10: rhomboid major

11: rhomboid minor

12: deltoid

 

23

Name parts #1,2, and 6

1: External intercostal

2: Internal intercostal

3: Diaphragm

 

24

Name parts #1-3

1: Rectus abdominis

2: External oblique

3: Internal oblique

25

Name parts #4-5

4: Transversus abdominis

5: Linea alba

26

Which of the seven criteria used for naming a muscle applies to the sternocleidomastoid muscle?

location of origin and insertion

 

27

Name one action of the triceps brachii muscle.

extension of forearm

 

28

Identify the indicated muscle. 

iliacus

29

Name one insertion of the sternocleidomastoid muscle.

mastoid process of temporal

 

superior nuchal line of occipital

 

30

Name one origin of the deltoid muscle.

clavicle

 

acromion and the spinous process of scapula

 

31

Identify the indicated muscle. 

adductor longus

 

32

Which of the seven criteria used for naming a muscle applies to the tibialis anterior muscle?

location

 

33

Name one action of the semimembranosus muscle.

extension of thigh

 

flexion of leg

 

medial rotation of leg

 

34

Name one insertion of the flexor carpi radialis muscle.

base of metacarpals II and III

 

35

Name one origin of the triceps brachii muscle.

glenoid cavity

 

humerus

 

distal radial groove of humerus

 

36

Name one origin for orbicularis oculi

frontal bone;

maxillary bone;

ligaments around the orbit

37

Name one action for orbicularis oculi

close eyes;

blinking;

squinting;

depressed eyebrows

38

Name one insertion for orbicularis oculi

eyelid

39

Name one origin zygomaticus major and zygomaticus minor

zygomatic bone

40

Name one insertion zygomaticus major and zygomaticus minor

corner of mouth

41

Name one action zygomaticus major and zygomatic minor

elevates corner of mouth;

smiling

42

Name one origin of the buccinator

maxilla; mandible

43

Name one insertion of the buccinator

orbicularis oris

44

Name one action of the buccinator

draws corner of mouth laterally;

compresses cheek;

holds food during chewing

45

Name one origin of masseter

zygomatic arch;

maxilla

46

Name one insertion of masseter

angle of mandible;

ramus of mandible

47

Name one action of masseter

closes jaw;

elevates mandible

48

Name one origin of platysma

fascia of chest;

deltoid

49

Name one insertion of platysma

mandible;

corner of mouth;

skin of face

50

Name one action of platysma

depresses mandible;

depresses lower lip (back and down)

51

Name one origin of the sternocleidomastoid 

manubrium of sternum;

clavicle

52

Name one insertion of the sternocleidomastoid 

mastoid process (of temporal bone);

superior nuchal line of occipital bone

53

Name one insertion of the sternocleidomastoid 

mastoid process (of temporal bone);

superior nuchal line of occipital bone

54

Name one insertion of the sternocleidomastoid 

mastoid process (of temporal bone);

superior nuchal line of occipital bone

55

Name one action of the sternocleidomastoid 

flexes neck;

rotates head

56

Name one origin of pectoralis major.

clavicle;

sternum;

cartilage of ribs I-VI;

aponeurosis of external oblique muscle

57

Name one insertion of pectoralis major.

intertubercular groove of humerus

58

Name one action of pectoralis major.

iflexes arms;

adducts arm;

medially rotates arm;

pulls chest upward with arm fixed

59

Name one origin deltoid

clavicle;

acromion; and

spinous process of scapula

60

Name one insertion deltoid

deltoid tuberosity of humerus

61

Name one action deltoid

abducts arm;

flexes humerus;

extends humerus;

rotates humerus

62

Name one insertion of rectus abdominis.

xiphoid process;

costal cartilages of ribs 5-7

63

Name one origin of rectus abdominis.

pubic symphysis;

pubic crest

64

Name one origin of rectus abdominis.

pubic symphysis;

pubic crest

65

Name one action of rectus abdominis.

flexes vertebral column; 

rotates vertebral column;

increases abdominal pressure;

fixes and depresses ribs;

stabilizes pelvis

66

Name one origin of external oblique.

Ribs 5-12

67

Name one insertion of external oblique.

linea alba;

pubic crest;

pubic tubercle;

iliac crest

68

Name one action of external oblique.

flexes vertebral column;

rotates vertebral column;

increases abdominal pressure;

fixes and depresses ribs;

stabilizes pelvis;

rotation and lateral flexion of trunk

69

Name one origin of trapezius

occipital bone;

ligamentum nuchae;

spines of C7 and thoracic vertebrae

70

Name one insertion of trapezius

acromion;

spine of scapula;

clavicle

71

Name one action of trapezius

extend head;

elevates scapula;

depresses scapula;

rotates scapula;

adducts scapula

72

Name one origin of infraspinatus.

infraspinous fossa of scapula

73

Name one insertion of infraspinatus.

greater tubercle of humerus

74

Name one action of infraspinatus.

lateral rotation of humerus;

stabilizes head of humerus (shoulder)

75

Name one origin of supraspinatus.

Supraspinous fossa of scapula

76

Name one insertion of the supraspinatus.

greater tubercle of humerus

77

Name one action of the supraspinatus.

abduction of humerus;

stabilizes scapula

78

Name one origin of triceps brachii.

Glenoid cavity (fossa);

humerus

79

Name one insertion of triceps brachii.

olecranon process of ulna

80

Name one action of triceps brachii.

extends forearm;

antagonist of forearm flexors

81

Name one origin of biceps brachii

coracoid process;

shoulder joint

82

Name one insertion of biceps brachii

radial tuberosity

83

Name one action of biceps brachii

flexion of forearm;

supination of forearm;

flexion of arm

84

Name one origin of brachialis.

anterior humerus

85

Name one insertion of brachialis.

coronoid process of ulna

86

Name one action of brachialis.

flexes forearm (antebrachium)

87

Name one origin of flexor carpi radialis

medial epicondyle of humerus

88

Name one origin of extensor digitorum

lateral epicondyle of humerus

89

Name one action of flexor carpi radialis

flexes wrist;

abducts hand

90

Name one action of flexor carpi radialis

flexes wrist;

abducts hand

91

Name one action of flexor carpi radialis

flexes wrist;

abducts hand

92

Name one origin extensor digitorum

lateral epicondyle of humerus

93

Name one insertion extensor digitorum

distal phalanges 2-5

94

Name one action extensor digitorum

extends fingers;

extends wrist;

abducts fingers

95

Name one origin of gracilis

inferior ramus of pubis;

body of pubis

96

Name one insertion of gracilis

tibia

97

Name one action of gracilis

adducts thigh;

flexes leg;

medially rotates leg

98

Name one origin of rectus femoris

anterior inferior iliac spine;

acetabulum

99

Name one insertion of rectus femoris

tibial tuberosity;

patella

100

Name one action of rectus femoris

extends knee;

flexes thigh

101

Name parts #1-3

1: supraspinatus;

2: spine of scapula;

3: deltoid (cut)

102

Name parts #4-6

4: greater tubercle of humerus

5: infraspinatus

6: teres minor

103

Name parts #7-9

7: teres major;

8: triceps brachii -- lateral head

9: triceps brachii -- long head

104

Name parts #10-12

10: latissimus dorsi

11: humerus

12: olecranon of ulna

Below 12: aconeus

105

Name parts #13-15

13: brachioradialis

14: brachialis

15: biceps brachii

106

Name parts #16-18

16: triceps brachii - medial head

17: triceps brachii -- long head

18: triceps brachii -- lateral head

107

Name parts #19-20

19: coracobrachialis

20: pectoralis major

108

Name parts #21-23

21: sternum

22: deltoid

23: clavicle

109

Name parts #1-2

1: biceps brachii

2: pronator teres

110

Name parts #3-4

3: extensor carpi radialis longus

4: flexor carpi radialis

111

Name parts #5-6

5: palmaris longus

6: flexor carpi ulnaris

112

Name part #1

extensor carpi radialis longus

113

Name part #1

extensor carpi radialis longus

114

Name part #3

extensor carpi ulnaris

115

Name part #2

extensor digitorum

116

Which of the seven criteria used for naming a muscle applies to the brachioradialis muscle?

location of origin and insertion

 

117

Name one action of the deltoid muscle.

abduction of arm;

flexes humerus;

extends humerus;

rotates humerus

 

118

Identify the indicated muscle

gluteus maximus

119

Name one insertion of the deltoid muscle.

deltoid tuberosity of humerus

 

120

Name one origin of the rectus femoris muscle.

anterior inferior iliac spine

 

acetabulum

 

121

Name one origin for vastus medialis

linea aspera of femur;

intertrochanteric line of femur

122

Name one insertion for vastus medialis

tibial tuberosity;

patella

123

Name one action for vastus medialis

extends knee;

stabilizes patella

124

Name one origin of semitendinosus

ischial tuberosity

125

Name one insertion of semitendinosus

tibia

126

Name one action of semitendinosus

extends thigh;

flexes knee;

medially rotates leg

127

Name one origin of semimebranosus

ischial tuberosity

128

Name one insertion of semimebranosus

medial condyle of tibia;

lateral condyle of femur

129

Name one action of semimebranosus

extends thigh;

flexes knee;

medially rotates leg

130

Name one origin of tibialis anterior

lateral condyle of tibia;

tibia;

interosseous membrane

131

Name one insertion of  tibialis anterior

medial cuneiform;

metatarsal 1

132

Name one action of  tibialis anterior

dorsiflexion;

inverts foot;

supports longitudinal arch of foot

133

Name one origin of gastrocnemius

medial condyle of femur;

lateral condyle of femur

134

Name one insertion of gastrocnemius

calcaneous

135

Name one action of gastrocnemius

plantar flexion of foot;

flexion of knee

136

If we increase the frequence of stimulation of a muscle untill we acheive a steady sustained contraction, we will have caused what phenomenon?

tetanus

tetany

137

Name one action of the infraspinatus muscle.

lateral rotation of arm;

stabilizes head of humerus (shoulder)

 

138

Name one action of the buccinator muscle.

Draw corner of mouth laterally;

compress cheek;

hold food between teeth during chewing

139

Name one action of the gastrocnemius muscle.

plantar flexion of foot

 

140

Name one insertion of the buccinator muscle.

orbicularis oris

 

141

Name one insertion of the gracilis muscle.

medial surface of tibia;

tibia

 

142

Name one insertion of the external oblique muscle.

linea alba

pubic crest and tubercles

iliac crest

 

143

Name one origin of the masseter muscle.

zygomatic arch;

zygomatic bone;

maxilla

144

Identify the indicated muscle.

gracilis

145

Identify the indicated muscle.

rectus femoris

146

Identify the indicated muscle.

extensor digitorum longus

 

peroneus

 

147

Identify the indicated muscle.

fibularis brevis