Chpt 15-16 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chpt 15-16 Deck (11):
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King of Spain

Charles I

1

A Puritan member of the lesser gentry, he organized a "New Model Army". His army defeated the cavaliers.

Oliver Cromwell

2

Modernizes Russia
• Took throne in 1682, 10 yrs old
• Learned from Western Europe, policy of westernization, ideas, culture and technology

Peter the Great

3

Took reins of power from ineffective rulers and Russian nobles independence as Peter the Great left no heir. Reorganized provincial government, Codified laws.

Catherine the Great

4

adoption of western ideas, technology, and culture

Westernization

5

distribution of military and economic power that prevents any one nation from becoming too strong.

Balance of Power

6

government in which a constitution or legislative body limits the monarch’s powers

Limited Monarchy

7

parliamentary advisors to the king who originally met in a small room.

Cabinet

8

government in which ruling power belongs to a few people

Oligarchy

9

reduction in the number of people in an area

Depopulation

10

soldier serving in a foreign army for pay

Mercenaries