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Flashcards in Midterm Vocab Deck (42):
0

the belief is the center of the universe

Heliocentric

1

the father of history

Herodotus

2

a direct democracy leader in Athens

Pericles

3

china dynasty that was overthrown by the Shang dynasty

Zhou Dynasty

4

social groups into which people are born and are changed

Castes

5

local military rulers

War Lords

6

a yellow soil

Loess

7

the leader of the Babylonian empire

Nebuchadnezzar

8

king of Babylon

Hammurabi

9

system of writing which pictures and objects and concepts and sounds

Hieroglyphics

10

era of prehistory (2million BC to about 9000 BC)
Also Stone Age

Paleolithic Period

11

final era of prehistory (Began around 9000 BC)
Called the New Stone Age

Neolithic period

12

the spreading of the Jews beyond their historic homeland

Diaspora

13

worlds first village (made in Modern-Day West Bank) it was built in the era 10,000 and 9,000 BC

Jericho

14

belief that spirits live in animals or objects

Animists

15

government headed by a privileged minority or upper class

Aristocracy

16

government in which a king or queen exercises central power

Monarchy

17

absorb or adopt a culture

Assimilate

18

economic system that has a set of goods or services that are exchanged for another

Barter Economy

19

the spread of ideas, customs, and technologies from one people to another

Cultural Diffusion

20

loosely organized system of government in which local lords governed their own lands but owed military service and other support to a greater lord

Feudalism

21

a war between Athens and Sparta

Peloponnesian War

22

ancient Greek city state

Polis

23

a temple for the Greek goddess Athena

Parthenon

24

a city-state in ancient Greece

Athens

25

group of families with a common ancestor

Clan

26

a rebellion in china

Mandate of Heaven

27

in Hindu belief, all the actions that affect a person’s fate in the next life

Karma

28

the ruler of Akkad

Sargon

29

in the ancient Middle East, a system of writing that used wedge-shaped marks

Cuneiform

30

Egyptian leader

Hatshepsut

31

a simple drawing that looks like the object it represents

Pictograph

32

amount of food needed

Food Surplus

33

the study of the origins and development of people and their societies

Anthropology

34

archeologists who dug bones in the Olduvai Gorge

Mary and Louis Leakey

35

found a skeleton of an early hominid

Donald Johanson

36

the period of time before writing was invented

Prehistory

37

believing in many gods

Polytheistic

38

Epic Greek poem, 10 year war between Mycenae and Troy

Trojan War

39

skills and tools people use to do basic needs

Technology

40

Promoted the idea of the "golden mean" wrote politics.

Aristotle

41

applied physics to make simple inventions

Archimedes