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Flashcards in Final Vocab Deck (69):
1

German monk that triggered revolt against church abuses.

Martin Luther

2

government run by religious leaders

Theocracy

3

Dark section of cities in which persecutions occurred

Ghetto

4

Calvinist belief that God long ago determined who would gain salvation.

Predestination

5

assembly or legislature

Diet

6

Northern German city in which 95 Theses was created.

Wittenberg, Germany

7

French reformer that influenced Protestant Reformation.

John Calvin

8

Reorganized Spanish monasteries and lived in isolation.

St. Teresa of Avila

9

Invented Telescope

Galileo Galilei

10

Set theory of gravity of laws and motion.

Isaac Newton

11

Improved medical procedures, prevented infections.

Ambrose Pare

12

Heliocentric view of the universe.

Nicolas Copernicus

13

Founded Society of Jesus

St. Ignatius

14

natural protection, resistance

Immunity

15

belief that a ruler’s authority comes directly from God.

Divine Right

16

King of Spain during their Gold Age.

Phillip II

17

Fleet of ships attacked by England and were unsuccessful, began collapse of Spanish Empire.

Armada (Spanish Armada)

18

King of France who also believed in divine right.

Louis XVI

19

Complete authority over the government and the lives of people.

Absolute monarchy

20

Officials appointed by king to govern provinces and collect taxes.

Intendant

21

French Protestant

Huguenots

22

Period of questioning and court set up to try to hear people's pleas.

Inquisition

23

Small division in which parliamentary advisors worked for King.

Cabinet

24

Person of European and Native American descent

Mestizo

25

Policy of nation that exports more than it imports.

Mercantalism

26

Economic cycle that involves increase in prices and money.

Inflation

27

Agreement that ended French/Indian War and Seven Year War

Treaty of Paris

28

Economic system production and privately owned and operated for profit

Capitalism

29

Tax on imported goods

Tariff

30

Part of 7 year battle between Britain and France in America

French and Indian War

31

Interaction of goods/disease/plants between new and old war.

Colombian Exchange

32

Members of the highest class in Spain's economies in the Americas.

Peninsulares

33

Agreement between people

Compact

34

Government in which constitution controls monarch's power.

Limited Monarchy

35

Government in which ruling power belongs to few.

Oligarchy

36

Adapting ideas, technology and culture of the Western World.

Westernization

37

Native Americans forced harsh working conditions.

Encomienda System

38

Allowed Portugal to claim Brazil and be out of Spanish Empire

Treaty of Tordesillas

39

Distribution of military and economic power- nation being to strong

Balance of Power

40

Government system whose power is governed and limited by law.

Constitutional Monarchy

41

Absolute monarch, leader of the cavaliers.

Charles I

42

British Army General and leader of the Roundheads.

Oliver Cromwell

43

Autocratic ruler in which part of city is named after him.

Peter the Great

44

Ruthless and absolute monarch, divides Poland, took reins from ineffective ruler.

Catherine the Great

45

policy allowing business to operate with little or no government interference.

Laissez Faire

46

reduction in the number of people in an area.

Depopulation

47

Granted Huguenots religious freedom.

Edict of Nantes

48

French and Indian War between which two sides:

Britain and France

49

Versailles a symbol for:

The Sun King's wealth

50

Encomienda system criticized by:

Francisco Pizarro

51

Criticized absolute monarchy and best way for liberty is to have these branches of gov'st

Baron de Montesequieu

52

Economist that believed in capitalism and no government interference.

Adam Smith

53

Powers divided between federal and state governments.

Federal Republic

54

Military tactic in which soldiers destroy everything in their path to hurt the enemy.

Scorched Earth Policy

55

European assembly that met after Napoleon's era to rebuild Europe.

Congress of Vienna

56

A social class

Estate

57

Dissenting group of people.

Faction

58

Strong feeling of pride and devotion to one's country.

Nationalism

59

The right to vote

Suffrage

60

Fighting carried through hit and run raids.

Guerrilla Warfare

61

Theory of not enough food for the world population, pop. Increasing faster than food supply.

Theory of population explosion

62

Goal of society to bring happiness for the greatest number of citizens with individual freedom but minimal government interference.

Utilitarianism

63

Domination by one country over another in political, economic and cultural life/ aspects.

Imperialism

64

WWI warfare in which troops were protected from enemy in a dugout but exposed to rats and environment.

Trench Warfare

65

Tripartite Pact countries:

Japan, Germany, Italy.

66

Aided/assisted/helped Europe after WWII, limited communism from spreading.

Truman Doctrine

67

Aided/assisted/helped Europe after WWII, limited communism from spreading.

Marshall Plan

68

U.S. policy in the prevention of communism spreading in Europe and World.

Containment

69

in the Roman Catholic Church, pardon for sins committed during a person’s lifetime.

Indulgences