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Flashcards in Christian beliefs Deck (48):

Christian symbolism

-The cross- resurrection
-The crucifix - crucifixion/sacrifice
-Candle - Jesus is the light of the world.
-The trinity "the father and I are one" John 10;30
-"I am the way the truth and the life nor one gets to the father except by me"


The Story of Job

-God and Satan test the pious man Job
-He is stricken with poverty, disease and the death of his family.
-He remains faithful and is rewarded by God.
-This shows evil is a test of faith.


The Holy Trinity

"The father and I are one"
"I am the way, the truth and the life; nor one goes to the father except by me."
"In the name of the father, the son, and the Holy Spirit."


Omnipotent quotes

"Moses threw his stick down in front of pharaoh and it turned into a snake" Exodus 7:11
"Moses held his hand over the sea... the water was divided."Exodus parting red sea


Transendent definition:

above everything


Immanent definition:

within everything


Theist, agnostic, atheist def:

Thiest: believes there is a God.
Agnostic: not sure if God is real.
Athiest: does not believe in Gos.



Preaching of the gospel to others with the intention of converting others to christianity.



An outward sign of an invisible and inward blessing from God For example: Baptism, Eucharist.



God becoming human in the form of Jesus



The belief that Jesus' death on the cross healed the rift between humans and god.


Omnibenevolent quotes

"But you, Lord are a compassionate and gracious god, slow to anger, abounding in love and faithfulness"
"For God so loved the world hat he gave his one and only son, that whoever believes in him shall not perish but have eternal life"
"there is nothing in all creation that will ever be able to separate us from the love of God which is ours throughout'


Arguments for God

Miracles- waiter into wine/ resurrection
Awe and wonder
Personal experience
God created the universe - genesis
Many people are religious


Arguments against God

Scientific ideas contradict religion
No evidence
Suffering in the world - earthquakes
Evil and suffering
Natural evil - earthquakes diseases etc
Moral evil - murders theft etc


God made the world in 6days

"In the beginning the world already existed; the word was with God, and the word was God though him all things were made." John 1:1-5


Stages of Creation

Day 1 - sun, moon, and stars
Day 2 - sea and sky
Day 3 - dry land and plants
Day 4 - Moon and religious festivals
Day 5 - Fish and birds
Day 7 - Adam and Eve
Day 6 - Rest


Why was suffering created?

Adam and Eve disobeyed God in the garden of eden. This explains suffering:
- God gave people freewill so we could make choices.
-People suffer because they make bad choices.
-God is like our parents, he lets us make our own choices.


The last supper what happened? what did Jesus say?

While they were eating Jesus took the bread, and when he had given thanks, he broke it and gave it to the disciples, saying, "Take and eat: this is my body"


The crucifixion quote:

"After they had mocked him, they took off the robe and put is own clothes on him. They led him away to crucify him."Matthew 27:28-50


The scape goat - The resurrection quotes

"He shall put both hands on the goats head and confess over it all the evil sins, and rebellions of the people of Israel, and so transfer them to the goats head. Then the goat is driven off into the desert. The goat will carry all their sins away."
"He was put to death for the sins of the people"


The resurrection

They found the stone rolled away from the entrance to the tomb, so they went in but they didn't find the body of Lord Jesus.
That Christ died for our sins, as written in the scriptures; so that he was buried and that he was raised to life three days later.
This is how it will be when the dead roses are raised to lif. When the body is buried, it is mortal; when it is raised, it will be immortal."


The Ascension

Jesus is taken up to Heaven. He raised his hands and blessed them. As he was a blessing them he, he departed from them and was taken up to heaven.
No one can see the Kingdom of God without being born again.
I am the resurrection and the life. Those who believe in me will live, even though hey die; and all those who live and believe in me.
There are many rooms in my fathers house... I am going to prepare a place for you. I am the way, the truth and the life; no one goes to the father except by me.


Easter Week

Lent - 40 days preparation before Easter. Remembers when Jesus went into the desert and was tempted by the devil.
Ash Wednesday - "Remember you are dust and to dust you shall return. Turn away from evil and follow Christ."
Holy Week -
Monday - Jesus visits the temple and turns over the tables. " My house shall be called the house of prayer; but you have made it a den of thieves"
Thursday - the last supper. The origin of the Eucharist Service.
Jesus took the bread, "take and eat; this is my body" Then he took a cup of wine, "drink from it, this is my blood" Do this in remembrance of me.
Friday - The crucifixion - "Father forgive them they know not what they do."
Easter Sunday - Resurrection is celebrated - new life, life after death.


The pentecost - The start of Christianity Quote

"They were all filled with the Holy Spirit... Then saw what looked like tongues of fire which spread out and touched each person there."


The Church Symbolism

Schism - the Church Split Roman Catholic and Greek Orthodox
Reformation - Protestant and Catholic
Many Christians think that it is wrong that Christianity is split into so many different churches. The ecumenical movement tries to bring bring Churches back together. The word ecumenical means 'one world'


Key points on Catholic tradition

Pope - Head of Church, infallible.
Priests - male - celibate
Pilgrimmage - Lourde/ Israel
No abortion
No divorce
No contraception
Justify War
Oscar Romero
Chico Mendes
Have intercessors
Confession boxes (CRAP)


Key points on Protestant tradition

Quaker - No religious furniture
no priests
conscientious objectors
Church of England:
female priests
no statues
if it is not in the Bible it is not true
Christian Aid
Martin Luther King


Other Christian traditions

Jehovah's Witnesses:
against blood transfusion
male priests - bearded
married priests
allow 3 divorces


Do you need holy buildings for worship? Yes arguments

Church is the 'house of God' dedicated to the worship of god.
A place where Christians - as community of believers - can come together to worship.
Holy buildings contain special furniture which help to worship. E.g Pulpit
A special place for Christians to show God is worth their time/ Commitment/ Money - many are beautiful to reflect glory of God.


Do you need holy buildings for worship? No arguments

God is omnipresent
'Church' means community of believers not a place
Waste of money building and up keeping special buildings - money be better spent on helping people - 'love your neighbour'
the Quakers do not need a special building, an empty room will do.


What makes a place conductive to worship?furniture etc..

Altar represents sacrifice of Jesus - from the altar Christians receive the bread and wine (blood/body of christ)
Christians believe through the miracle of transubstantiation Christians receive Jesus himself.
Quaker meeting rooms contain no distractions to worship. People sit in silence until filled with the Holy Spirit. There are no pictures or statues as their worship is direct to God.
You could use the font - for baptism. Staues - help you focus. Icons etc...


How can Art express one's faith?

-Earthly copies of heavenly images
-Orthodox Church
-People touch and kiss icons
-theres a large screen full of icons know as the iconostasis
- Mary is mother of Jesus
-A virgin
-Jesus' birth a miracle "born through the power of the hold spirit"
-Mary acts as an intercessor - taking a Catholic's prayers to God.
Stain Glass windows:
-decorate many old churches
-often depict Bible stories
-Used as a teaching method aiding to teach bible stories.


Difference between crucifix and empty cross:

-Reminds Catholics of Jesus' crucifixion
-Jesus' deaths a sacrifice
-Jesus died for them
-Christians feel that when bad happens they participate in Christ's sufferings.
Empty cross:
-Remembers resurrection
-Jesus defeats death
-gives people a second chance
-New life
-Promise of eternal life.


Quaker meeting house:

Non episcopal - no bishops
Simple building
Chairs surrounding a table with copy of the Bible
People moved to speak by the Holy spirit
Periods of Silence


Why is Baptisms important?

-Follows example of Jesus
-Rite of passage into Christianity
-Becoming member of Christian Church and community
-Removes original sin.
-Believers' baptism gives an opportunity to publicly declare their personal faith.


What you need for Baptism ceremony?

Paschal Candle
White gown


What can Christians wear to show faith?

Ichthus (badge or symbol) an early christian creed Greek for fish.


Should religious believers be able to wear what they want? Yes arguments

-Many of the items are symbols they point beyond themselves to key messages of the faith e.g cross..
-Form of evangelising people can show interest in faith.
-says "I am christian and proud of it"
-Jesus asked people to be "fishers of men" encouraging people to faith.
-Can break down prejudice.


Should religious believers be able to wear what they want? No arguments

-Can lead to prejudice and discrimination
-Shows pride which is a deadly sin
-Religion should be implicit not explicit
-Can cause division separates people
-Religious items can be intimidating to others: burkah, 'kiorpan (knife)
-health and safety


Ways becoming religious can change your behaviour:

Become a monk or nun
Became a religious teacher
Give Tithe (charity)
Pray 5 times a day (muslim|)


Vicar changes

Bible study
Give services - funerals/wedding/baptisms
Visit hospitals


After death Christians/catholic belief

Believe in resurrection
Purgatory - place of purification


Christian/ Catholic Funeral service

Poems and readings
Hymns 'the lord is my shepherd'
Prayers for deceased
Eulogy - words for departed
Committal - 'ashes to ashes, dust to dust'
Wake - gathering after suffering.


Worship quote:

"Where two or three men together in my name, I am there with them."


The sheep and the goats story quotes. (poverty and afterlife)

"for I was hungry and you gave me something to eat, I was thirsty and you gave me something to drink, I was a stranger and you invited me in."
"Lord when did we see you hungry and feed you, or thirsty and give you something to drink? When did we see you a stranger and invite you in?"
"The King will reply, 'I tell you the truth, whatever you did for one of the least of these brothers of mine, you did for me.'"


The Rick man and Lazarus - afterlife

"But Abraham replied, 'son, remember that in your lifetime you received your good things, while Lazarus received bad things, but now he is comforted here and you are in agony."
The rich man ignored the problem.
He couldn't say he hadn't been heard or told.
Lazarus got his reward in Heaven.


'Worshipping God is the most important part of a religion.' For arguments

Bible study teaches you about your faith.
Going on a Pilgrimage to Mecca or Jerusalem helps you feel a part of your faith and unite.
Following key religious teachings help you be a good person 'Do not commit adultery.'
You can worship God and feel a part of the community at festivals eg. Christmas


'Worshipping God is the most important part of a religion.' Against Arguments

You should give to Charity instead:
Christian Aid
Giving 'Tithe' is the most important of christian.
Following the teaching is the most important part of a religion 'love thy neighbour'
Marriage services are the most important part 'till death do us part'