Flashcards in Islam Beliefs Deck (31):
'Oneness' in reference to God. the basic Muslim belief in the oneness of God.
Prophethood or 'risalah' definition
The term used of the messengers of God, beginning with Adam and ending with the Prophet Muhammed.
Halal (permitted) definition
Actions or things which are permitted within Islam, such as eating permitted foods.
Any actions or things which are forbidden within Islam, such as eating forbidden foods.
Jihad (greater and lesser)
Means 'to strive'. There are two forms of jihad.
The greater jihad is the daily struggle and inner spiritual striving to live as a Muslim.
The lesser jihad is a physical struggle or 'holy war' in defence of Islam.
Mosque or 'masjid'
A 'place of procrastination' for Muslims, it is a communal place of worship for a Muslim community.
Shari'ah (straight path)
A way of life; Muslims believe God has set out a clear path for how Muslims should live. Shari'ah law is the set of moral and religious rules that put the principles set out by the Qur'an and the Hadith into practice.
Means community. Refers to the worldwide community of Muslims who share a common religious identity.
Three points on the Qur'an (quotes included)
"Guidance for the worlds" - guide to life.
Received by Muhammed over 23 years.
Three points on Hadith:
Muhammad's sayings and records from life - Muslims example.
Sunni (90%) facts
1. They believe only the Qur'an and the sunnah had authority.
2. An elected leader called a 'Caliph' would enforce the law.
3. Laws are worked out and accepted or rejected by the whole community.
4. Prayers x5
Shia (10%) facts
1. Believe Muhammed named Ali (his cousin) as his successor.
2. Ali believed the true leader had to be chosen by God and could make new laws.
3. This leader was called an Imam and had to be descendant of Muhammed.
4. Prayers x3
Festivals Restraint quote
"he is not a Muslim if he goes to bed with a full stomach and the neighbour goes hungry."
Id-Ul-Adha. What is it? How is it celebrated?
End of the Hajj
Sacrifice/ head shaved
Day off festivals
Id-Ul-Fitr. When is it? How is it celebrated?
Starts after Ramadan
'Id Mubarak' cards
Afghanistan egg fights
Ashura what does it celebrate how?
Day of sorrow and inspiration, remembers Moses fasting. Shia Islam celebrate the sunni + Shia split and the death of Husayn.
Dress in black
Cut heads and bodies
five pillars devotion
Rise above greed and selfishness.
Encourage what is right.
"If anyone slew a person... It is as if he slew the whole human race" 5:32
Declared by Muslim Leaders
"Fight in the way of God"
Condemned by muslim council of Great Britain
Zakat Charity: who gets it? How much? Quotes
2.5% of earning
Widows, Orphans, poor.
Muhammed gave Zakat
Wealth is Gods.
Humans are Khalifas/ Stewards.
"The one who looks after the widow and poor person is fighting God's cause" Hadith
9th months of the calendar
Dawn till dusk
Fast broken at mosque
Suhur - meal before dawn.
Commanded by the prophet
Mercy for the poor
Shahadah the declaration of faith
"God witnesses that there is no God except God and Muhammed is the prophet of God" 3:18
"There is no God but God"
Heard by new born baby
Heard on death bed
Monotheism one god
Muslims say this to convert
Three famous people who converted to islam.
What is the Hajj and who takes part?
Pilgrimmage to Makkah only if the pilgrim has enough money and healthy enough.
Why does Hajj happen at Makkah?
Abraham sacrificed son Ismail.
Abraham overcame temptations from devil.
Mina - stoning of pillars.
Hajar searched for water discovered Zam Zam well.
Muhammed was born.
Which part of Hajj represents Ihram?
State of purity shows through white cloth (equality)
x7 Circle Ka'ba
Walk between Safa and Mawah x7 - represents Hajar's search for water (Zam Zam well)
Wukuf - plain of Arafat - forgiveness of sins
Collect pebbles at Muzdalifah.
Stone devil at Mina. Camping.
Shave heads and sacrifice
Circle Ka'ba x7 anti clockwise.
Salah - prayers
5 times a day (sunni)
Quibla: direction of prayer
"if one forgets his prayers let him offer them when he remembers" Hadith
Jumu'ah - mosque
Neat - pure intention
Du'a - personal prayers
Submission, Unity, Sin, peace, Removes sin
Wudu: Washing hands, arms, nose, face.
Why 5 times? The night journey 50 times to 5.
Quotes for Allah beliefs
'There is no God but Allah'
Quran 'have they not seen that Allah who has created the heavens and the earth and was not wearied by creation'
Quotes for Prophets beliefs
We believe in Allah, and in what has been revealed to us, and what has been revealed through Ishmael, Isaac and his children and what has been given to Moses and Jesus. Make no difference between them.
"Gabriel is the one who brought down the Quran"
"If someone is an enemy of Allah or his angels and his messengers, and to Gabriel, then Allah is enemy to the disbelievers."
The five pillars
Shahadah 'there is no god but allah'
Ramadan 'those who believe should fast as those who believed before you fasted'
Salah 'Praise allah and be one of those who bows before him'
The five pillars 'Recite what has been revealed to thee of the book, and perform the prayer; prayer forbids indecency and dishonour. Gods remembrance is greater; and God knows the things you work'