Issues of life and death Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Issues of life and death Deck (44):

Afterlife - Catholic beliefs

-Believe in the resurrection
-Purgatory = place of purification


Afterlife - Islam beliefs

-Jannat = paradise: lush gardens.
-Jahannam = Hell: place of fire and torture.


Catholic Funeral service

-Poems and readings
-Hymns 'the lord is my shepherd'
-Prayers for deceased and family.
-Eulogy = words for the departed
-Committal 'ashes to ashes, dust to dust'
-Wake = gathering after service


Muslim Funeral service

-Shahadah = declaration of faith is spoken to the dying.
-Prayers from the Qur'an
-Body washed three times
-Wrapped in shroud, from Mecca
-Buried within 24 hours
-Only men attend
-Imam leads prayers at grave
-Body is buried facing Mecca
-Simple graves
-Mouring lasts 3 days.


The sheep and the goats

"For I was hungry and you gave me something to eat, I was thirsty and you gave me something to drink, I was a stranger and you invited me in"
'Lord, when did we see you hungry and feed you, or. thirsty and give you something to drink? When did we see you a stranger and invite you in?'
"The King will reply, 'I tell the truth, whatever you did for the least of these brothers of mine you did for me.'


The rich man and Lazarus - teachings on the afterlife

"But Abraham replied, 'son remember that in your lifetime you received your good things, while Lazarus received bad things, but now he is comforted here and you are in agony."
The rich man ignored the problem
He couldn't say he hadn't heard of been told]Lazurus got his reward in heaven.


Angels in Islam

Angels are invisible and close by.
God's first creation.
Sunni's believe: created from light and have no free will.
Shia's believe: Created with free will.
Jibril: Qur'an to Muhammed 'recite'
Azrail: Takes soul at moment of death.
Raqib&Atib: Record our deeds through life.
Munkar: questions us at death
Mikil: protects believers from satan.


Muslim afterlife and quotes.

Believe this life is a test for the next life
"every soul shall have a taste of death."
Israfil will blow his trumpet.
Made will return and this will be signalled by earthquakes, drunkenness, dishonesty.
All deeds will be judged "every small & great thing will be recorded."


Sanctity of life:

All life is sacred
'Do not kill' Exodus
"we are all made in the image of God"
You are God's temple ... If anyone destroys God's temple. God will destroy them."
"God chose me before I was born"
"So God created man in his own image"


Abortion UK rules

24 weeks limit
Severe disability
Mothers health at risk or existing children
Mental health of mother at risk.


Abortion how do Catholics, Anglicans, Humanists feel?

Catholics: against abortion - potential human life.
Anglican: Okay with abortion as General Synad said it was acceptable for compassion.
Humanists: Situation ethics Happiness and personal choice, they're pro-choice and quality.


Examples of abortion arguments:

Savita Halapparvar: Died 2012 because she was refused an abortion.
Gianna Jessen: survived an abortion.


Quality of life:

Life free from suffering.
"Love is kind"
"Love is patient"
Free will - genesis


Arguments For Euthanasia

-Quality of life
-Free will
-Jesus showed compassion


Arguments against Euthanasia

-Hippocratic oath
-Hospice movement
-Slippery Slope


Humanist view on Euthanasia

-Peter singer
-Quality of life


Islam and sin

Shariah - straight path:


Original sin

Adam + Eve genesis 'forbidden fruit'


Seven deadly sins



Morality: Absolute and Relative

Absolute: Some things are always wrong 'do not kill'
Relative: Moral rules can change at certain times e.g killing during a war.


Reasons people commit crimes:

-mental health
-Bad parenting/upbringing


Punishment protection definition

protect society


Vindication - justice quotes

"whoever steals a sheep must repay 4 sheep"


Reformation def and quotes

Change behaviour
"I do not condemn, but go on and Sin no more"


Reparation def

Pay back what has been taken.


Deterrence quote

"They will hear and be determinably afraid"


Retribution def and quote

Revenge "an eye for an eye"


Death penalty FOR quotes

"an eye for an eye"
"live by the sword die by the sword"


Death penalty AGAINST quotes

"Love is kind"
Christianity teaches forgiveness
-parable of Good Samaritan
"I do not condemn you but go sin no more"
"Love your enemies and pray for those who persecute you"


Censorship definition

Supressing material considered offensive


Disgrimination definition

treating groups of people differently


Extremism definition

Believing in extreme ideas e.g racism, Britain first


Human rights definition

Basic rights because you're human - UN


Personal conviction definition

A strong belief


Prejudge definitoin

Pre judging e.g racism


Relative poverty

poverty in relation to the area you live in


Absolute poverty

Acute deprivation - no food


Social justice

Promoting a fair society through campaigns and challenging unfairness.


Human Rights 1948

UN declaration of human rights "universal rights that apply regardless of gender race or religion.
30 articles
"all humans are born free and equal in dignity and rights"


Malala Yousafzai - Muslim

Girls education in swat valley Pakistan
"we cannot succeed when half of us is held back"
Shot by Taliban for going to school 9th Oct 2012
"everyone has a right to education" Article 26UN declaration human rights.



Bus boycotts "I have a dream" non-violent protests
Agape racial segregation


Oscar Romero

El Salvador 1917
Spoke out and radio sermons standing up for poor. Government slogan "Be a patriot Kill a priest"
Assinated 24th March 1980


Christianity quotes on human rights

All humans are made in the image of god.
All human life is valuable
"Let us make mankind in our image and likeness"
"God created mankind in his own image, he created them male+female"
Agape - Christian love
Salvation Army helps the poor


Extremism example

Extreme views
2015 Robert Lewis shot.
Sancity of life
Animal rights
Racism groups