Class 4 Flashcards Preview

Anatomy Alimentary System > Class 4 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Class 4 Deck (30)
Loading flashcards...
1

How is the spleen peritonised

Intraperitoneal

2

In which region of the abdominal cavity is the spleen located

LUQ, left hypochondriac

3

Does the spleen move with respiration

Yes

4

Name the structures in the hilum of the spleen

Stomach
Kidney
Colon
Pancreas

5

The tail of which organ is closely related to the hilum of the spleen

Pancreas

6

The surgeon must take care not to damage what when removing the spleen

The pancreas

7

Function of the spleen

Storage of RBC
Haematopoiesis
RBC + platelet destruction
Phagocytosis

8

How is the pancreas related to the duodenum

Head of pancreas in c-curve of duodenum

9

How is the pancreas peritonised

Intraperitoneal

10

What vein is formed posterior to the neck of the pancreas

Hepatic portal vein

11

Into which part of the duodenum does the pancreatic duct open

Descending part- sphincter of Oddi

12

Round ligament of liver (ligament tires) is the remnant of which embryological structure

Umbilical vein

13

Name the parts of the liver

Caudate lobe (IVC)
Quadrate lobe
Bare area of liver
Gall bladder
Portal hepatic

14

Name the areas of the livers

Gastric area
Duodenal area
Renal Area
Bare area

15

What is the bare area bare of

Peritoneum, lies in contact with diaphragm

16

What fold of peritoneum is wrapped around the porta hepatis

Lesser omentum

17

name the 3 structures that are present in the porta hepatic

Hepatic portal vein
Hepatic artery
Hepatic duct

18

The extra-hepatic biliary consist of

Right and Left hepatic duct
Common Hepatic duct
Cystic duct
Bile duct
Gall bladder

19

Where is bile produced

Liver

20

Where is bile stored

Gallbladder

21

Where does bile enter the gut tube

Bile duct- superior part of duodenum via the sphincter of Oddi

22

What is the function of bile

Emulsify fat

23

What is the Calot's Cystohepatic Triangle

Triangular space formed by cystic duct, common hepatic duct and the inferior surface of liver- triangle contains cystic artery

24

What are the main histological features of the pancreas

Islets of Langerhans
Pure serous acini
Small lobules surrounded by connective septa

25

What are the main histological features of the liver

Cells arranged in sheets and converging towards the central vein

26

What histological feature would you see in the spleen

White pulp and Red pulp

27

Which costal cartilage is the surface marking of the gall bladder

9th

28

Does the liver move with respiration

yes

29

Which ribs are related to the spleen

8-11

30

the transpyloric plane crosses the pancreas at which part

neck of pancreas