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Flashcards in Class 3 Deck (83)
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1

How long is the oesophagus

25cm long

2

How long is the abdominal part of the oesophagus

1.25cm long

3

What is the vertebral level of the oesophagus

T10

4

List the structures that traverse the oesophageal opening

Oesophagus
Vagus nerves
L. Inferior phrenic nerve
L. gastric vein

5

Blood supply of oesophagus

Branches of left gastric artery

6

Venous drainage of oesophagus

Left gastric vein

7

Lymphatic drainage of oesophagus

left gastric LN

8

Name the 2 orifices of the stomach

Cardia and Pyloric

9

Name the 2 curvatures of the stomach

Greater and Lesser

10

Name the 2 surfaces of the stomach

Fundus and Body

11

What is the pyloric Sphincter

In between duodenum and pyloric canal

12

Whats the function of the pyloric sphincter

Controls discharge of the stomach contents through pyloric orifice

13

The pyloric sphincter is formed from the thickening of which layer of gut tube

Thickening of the circular layer of smooth muscle

14

Lesser momentum extends from

Lesser curvature to liver

15

Greater curvature extends from

Greater curvature to primal part of duodenum

16

What are the gastric folds/rugae formed from

Gastric mucosa

17

In which portions of the stomach are rugae most apparent

Pyloric part and Greater curvature

18

Which sphincter controls the discharge of food from the stomach to the duodenum

Pyloric sphincter

19

What structures are located in the stomach bed

Left dome of the diaphragm
Left kidney
Spleen
Suprearenal gland
Colon
Pancreas
Transverse meszocolon

20

Name the arterial branches that supply the stomach

Celiac trunk
Hepatic artery
R. gastric artery
L. gastric artery
Splenic artery
Left gastro-omental artery
Right gastro-mental artery

21

Name the venous drainage around the stomach

Portal vein
Splenic vein
Inferior mesenteric vein
Superior mesenteric vein

22

Name the lymphatic drainage around the stomach

Gastric
Pancreaticosplenic
Pancreatico-duodenal
Mesenteric
Gastro-omental

23

Where do the primary nodes of the stomach drain into

Coeliac lymph nodes

24

What effect does the vagal nerve have on the pylorus

Relaxation (inhibitory vagal fibres)

25

What effect does the vagal nerve have on gastric secretion

Stimulatory

26

What are the 3 parts of the small intestine

Duodenum, jejunum, and Ileum

27

What part of the small intestine receives the opening of the bile and pancreatic duct

Duodenum

28

Where is the foregut/midgut boundary of the small intestine

1st and 2nd part of the duodenum

29

How is the duodenum peritonised

Retroperitoneal

30

How is the jejunum peritonised

Intraperitoneal