Flashcards in class differences- external Deck (15)
Bernstein (speech codes)
Restricted code: w/c limited vocab, poor grammar.
Elaborated code: m/c wider vocab .
w/c parents place value on education.
Bernstein and Young (toys)
m/c mothers more likely to buy educational toys.
Sugarman (four key features that act as a barrier to educational achievement)
Fatalism- whatever will be will be
Collectivism- more important to be a part of a group than individualism
Immediate gratification- pleasure now then later
Present time orientation- present more important than the future.
poor vitamins, more likely to be ill.
cost of free schooling.
Callender and Jackson (debt)
w/c more debt averse.
educational and economic capital
Rosenthal and Jacobson (Teachers expectation)
Lied about IQ went back a year later, 50% of them had increased when they went back. .
Gillborn and Youdell ( A to C economy)
Those who are on A's they leave with little help as they are doing well, those on U's are left to fail while D's are given the most attention to make the a-c for the league table.
Those put in low streams, chose to go against the school.
Woods ( pupil response)
Ingratiation- teachers pet
Ritualism- going through the motions and staying out of trouble
Retreatism- daydreaming and mucking about
Rebellion- reject what the school stands for.
learnt ways of thinking and acting