class7 mod diet menu Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in class7 mod diet menu Deck (25):
1

types of mod?

diet texture/consistency, nutr. content, interval/frequency, disease states

2

texture mod for:

oral surgery, oral motor prob, impaired swallow, mouth sores, ill fitting dentures, poor dentition

3

goals for nutr mngmt?

prevent aspiration, provide adequate nutr, consider family wishes

4

dietitian role in nutr. mngmt?

risk screening, education, menu review, nutrition review

5

stages of texture mod diet?

1) pureed 2) minced 3) dental soft 4) regular

6

soft diet used for ?

patients with chewing probs related to dysphagia, mouth sores, poor dentition

7

what is soft diet?

soft form, requires more chewing ability, easy-to-cut meats, fruits, veg; exclude hard, crunchy, sticky, dry

8

minced diet used for?

dysphagia, severe mouth sores, dentition probs--offered as progression from pureed

9

what is minced diet?

particle size allow passage through 6mm mesh screen, prepped achieve moist/cohesive, no water separation, fork-mashable, ground/minced, exclude dry fooods

10

for minced, avoid:

cheese slices/cubes, peanut butter, sandwiches, rice, potato skins, cooked corn/peas/broccoli/cabbage/brussels/asparagus

11

pureed used for?

dysphagia, severe oral motor prob (jaw surgery, fracture)

12

what is pureed?

NO visible particles (<1mm), one homogenous colour, no water separate, line spread test <3cm, no chewing, cohesive pudding-like

13

pureed not allowed?

sticky, coarse textures

14

pureed should pass through screen ___ mesh

2mm

15

pureed, avoid?

oatmeal, nonpureed fried/scrambled/hardcooked eggs

16

modified bread includes moistened bread that can form ___ in mouth

bolus

17

what is mixed consistency?

foods made of two separate textures (fluid and solid)

18

why thickened fluids?

1) slow progress of food down throat (greater control) 2) keeps fluids from flowing down trachea instead of esophagus (pneumonia)

19

gen recommendations for thickened fluids:

no items that will melt, not thickened milk, not mixed texture if dysphagia, fruit must be drained

20

lvls of consistency>

pudding thick, honey thick, nectar thick

21

why pudding thick not recommended usuallly?

increased risk dehydration

22

why clear liquid diet?

easier to digest, gives enough nutrition for 3-4 days

23

why full fluid diet?

used short term as step between clear fluid and normal diet --used after surgery or difficulty chew/swallow solid

24

starch based challenges:

appearance change (cloudy), impart starchy taste, form lumps when mixing, complicated mixing instructions

25

full fluid allowed foods:

milk, cream of wheat, strained fruit/veg juice, pureed soups, puddings, ice cream, nutr supplements like boost, sugar/hard candies