Classic/Relevant Treatements Flashcards Preview

First Aid Step 1 Rapid Review > Classic/Relevant Treatements > Flashcards

Flashcards in Classic/Relevant Treatements Deck (91)
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1

Absence seizures

Ethosuximide

2

Acute gout attack

NSAIDs, colchicine

3

Acute promyelocytic leukemia (M3)

All-trans retinoic acid

4

ADHD

Methylphenidate, amphetamines

5

Alcohol use disorder

AA + disulfiram, naltrexone, or acamprosate for patient. Al- Anon for patient’s family

6

Alcohol withdrawal

Benzodiazepines

7

Anorexia

Nutrition, psychotherapy

8

Anticoagulation during pregnancy

Heparin

9

Arrhythmia in damaged cardiac tissue

Class IB antiarrhythmic (lidocaine, mexiletine, tocainide)

10

B 12 deficiency

Vitamin B 12 supplementation (work up cause with Schilling test)

11

Benign prostatic hyperplasia

Tamsulosin, finasteride

12

Bipolar disorder

Lithium, valproate, carbamazepine, lamotrigine (mood stabilizers)

13

Breast cancer in postmenopausal woman

Aromatase inhibitor (anastrozole)

14

Buerger disease

Smoking cessation

15

Bulimia nervosa

SSRIs

16

Candida albicans

Amphotericin B (systemic), nystatin (oral thrush), azoles (vaginitis)

17

Carcinoid syndrome

Octreotide

18

Chlamydia trachomatis

Doxycycline (+ ceftriaxone for gonorrhea coinfection), erythromycin eye drops (prophylaxis in infants)

19

Chronic gout

Probenecid (underexcretor), allopurinol (overproducer), febuxostat

20

Chronic hepatitis

IFN-α

21

Chronic myelogenous leukemia

Imatinib

22

Clostridium botulinum

Antitoxin

23

Clostridium difficile

Oral metronidazole; if refractory, oral vancomycin

24

Clostridium tetani

Antitoxin + vaccine booster + diazepam

25

CMV

Ganciclovir

26

Crohn disease

Corticosteroids, infliximab, methotrexate, azathioprine

27

Cryptococcus neoformans

Fluconazole (prophylaxis in AIDS patients)

28

Cyclophosphamide-induced hemorrhagic cystitis

Mesna

29

Depression

SSRIs (first-line)

30

Diabetes insipidus

DDAVP (central); hydrochlorothiazide, indomethacin,
amiloride (nephrogenic)