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Flashcards in Classical Art Deck (51):
1

Who sculpted Athena Parthenos?

Phidias

2

Who sculpted Athena Promachos?

Phidias

3

Who sculpted Zeus at Olympia?

Phidias

4

Who sculpted Discobolus?

Myron

5

The triangular section of a Greek temple, above the entablature, is called the

pediment

6

Praxiteles is most well known for his sculpture of which divinity?

Aphrodite

7

Which of these shapes of pottery has the same use as a kylix?

skyphos

8

The metopes of the treasury of Athens at Delphi depict what three things?

1. Theseus and the Minotaur
2. Theseus and Sciron
3. Herakles and the Nemean Lion

9

What stories are depicted on the Francois vase?

1. Calydonian boar hunt
2. Theseus and Ariadne
3. Centaurs and Lapiths

10

Which painter signed the François Vase?

Kleitias

11

Where in Greece can you find the omphalos?

Delphi

12

What archaeologist discovered the ruins of Mycenae?

Heinrich Schliemann

13

The palace of Knossos can be found on what island?

Crete

14

The “Treasury of Atreus” near Mycenae is actually a

tomb

15

Minoan goddess figures found on Crete are often depicted with what creature?

snake

16

The people of Naxos dedicated a sculpture of which creature to Apollo at Delphi?

the Sphinx

17

The most famous temple at Ephesus was dedicated to whom?

Artemis

18

A large statue of Helios, near the harbor, was located on which Greek island?

Rhodes

19

Archaeologists discovered a workshop belonging to Phidias in what city?

Olympia

20

Most of the evidence of Etruscan art comes from

tombs

21

The typical Etruscan style of pottery, with a shiny black finish and etching, is referred to as

bucchero

22

A famous Etruscan statue, found at a temple in Veii, depicts which god?

Apollo

23

Which of these is a unique feature found on many Etruscan sarcophogi?

embracing couples

24

What are three typical themes of Etruscan wall paintings?

1. Trojan war
2. banqueting
3. athletic competition

25

A massive sanctuary to which goddess, is found at Praeneste (ancient Palestrina)?

Fortuna

26

The earliest wall around the city of Rome is ascribed to which king?

Servius Tullius

27

What early event facilitated the development of the Forum Romanum?

construction of the Cloaca Maxima

28

A temple dedicated to Jupiter, Juno, and Minerva is referred to by what name?

Capitolium

29

What is the typical design seen in the “First” Pompeian style of wall painting?

imitation marble

30

The Forum of Augustus is anchored by a temple dedicated to which divinity?

Mars Ultor

31

In which house of Pompeii was the famous "Alexander at Issus" mosaic found?

House of the Faun

32

What is the theme of the famous fresco found in the Villa of Livia at Prima Porta?

garden scene

33

In what city can you find the Maison Carrée, one of the best preserved Roman temples in France?

Nimes

34

The Portland Vase is an example of what type of Roman art?

cameo glass

35

The punishment of Tarpeia is depicted on a frieze from which of these buildings?

Basilica Aemilia

36

The procession on the Ara Pacis of Augustus is meant to mimic a similar procession found on the

Parthenon

37

What is the theme of the sarcophagus of Portonaccio, now found at the Palazzo Massimo in Rome?

battle scene

38

What three things were constructed to honor Marcus Aurelius?

1. column in Rome
2. bronze statue in Rome
3. triumphal arch in Libya

39

What is a unique feature of the Arch of Constantine in Rome?

sculptures taken from other monuments

40

What favorite of Hadrian was often depicted in sculptures as Bacchus, Silvanus, or Osiris?

Antinous

41

What is the Latin term for the pieces that make up a mosaic?

tesserae

42

What kind of column has volutes?

Ionic

43

Chryselephantine sculptures consist of what two materials?

gold and ivory

44

If a column is said to be “engaged”, what does this mean?

embedded into a wall

45

Which of these terms is most associated with ancient gem carving?

intaglio

46

What painting technique, using heated wax as a coloring and sealing medium, is seen in the Fayum
portraits?

encaustic

47

If a sculpture is carved from porphyry, what is most likely true about the subject?

member of imperial family

48

What is the term for ornaments at the apex of the gable and at the corners of the roof of a temple?

acroteria

49

In Roman art, what is typically found on a spandrel?

winged Victory

50

What is the term for a sculpture with a head, and perhaps a torso, above a plain, usually squared lower
section?

herm

51

What is the marker of the Corinthian order of architecture?

acanthus leaves