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Flashcards in Mythology Deck (100):
1

goddess of wisdom and defensive warfare; patron of weaving and sewing

Athena

2

goddess of the moon

Selene

3

he led the expedition of the quest for the Golden Fleece

Jason

4

Roman goddess of agriculture

Ceres

5

he was the boatman on the river Styx; he ferried the dead to the Underworld

Charon

6

half man, half bull, this creature lived in the Labyrinth

Minotaur

7

the Greeks did not care for this bloodthirsty god of war; the Romans were not so squeamish

Ares

8

these nine daughters of Zeus and Mnemosyne were the personification of the arts, music, and dance

Muses

9

the god of wine

Bacchus

10

this winged horse was born from the headless body of Medusa

Pegasus

11

some say she was the eldest of the Fates; she spun the Thread of Life

Clotho

12

lover of Aphrodite, he was killed by a wild boar while hunting

Adonis

13

Zeus loved her in the form of a swan

Leda

14

this Trojan prince was a son of Laomedon; he was taken by Zeus to be cupbearer of the gods

Ganymede

15

he saw black sails on the returning ships; fearing the worst, he threw himself into the sea

Aegeus

16

this nymph distracted Hera by chattering so Zeus could hook up with someone; she was punished

Echo

17

born earlier than his stronger cousin, he was entitled to command many labors from him

Eurystheus

18

king of Crete, he ordered Daedalus to build the Labyrinth

Minos

19

unlike his comrades, he escaped Circe’s swine spell and went to tell Odysseus

Eurylochus

20

he loved the goddess Aphrodite who was in disguise and fathered Aeneas

Anchises

21

Heracles had to capture a deer with this name as one of his labors

Cerynitian

22

she welcomed her husband as he returned from Troy, then killed him in his bath

Clytemnestra

23

she was the Muse of tragedy

Melpomene

24

he and his brother Pollux were known as the Dioscuri and the Gemini

Castor

25

this was the place where mortals dwelt who had been made immortal by the gods; virtuous souls

Elysian Fields

26

this seer was one of the leaders of the Seven Against Thebes; the earth swallowed him up as he fled

Amphiaraus

27

he and his brother were the Aloidae, giant sons of Poseidon; they attempted to scale Mt. Olympus

Ephialtes

28

she and Deucalion survived the Flood and repopulated the earth with the "bones of their mother"

Pyrrha

29

first wife of Aeneas, she was lost the night Troy fell and was killed

Creusa

30

he was the king of Troy when the Greeks besieged the city

Priam

31

they were punished in the Underworld, cursed to carry water in a sieve, to fill a bottomless vessel

Danaids

32

he chose the honor of being the first Greek killed at Troy; first off the boat, first killed

Protesilaus

33

Midas bathed in this river to wash away the Golden Touch; as a result, its sands contained gold flakes

Pactolus

34

her sons Biton and Cleobis dragged her to the temple and the gods caused them to die that night

Cydippe

35

Name three tasks or preparations Aeneas had to perform in order to visit the Underworld

1. bury Misenus
2. get the Golden Bough
3. make sacrifices

36

she was the goddess of Discord

Eris

37

this is the darkest region of the Underworld; the rebellious Titans were confined here

Tartarus

38

brother of Jocasta, he ruled Thebes as regent when Oedipus left and denied burial to Polynices

Creon

39

he was the faithful friend and comrade of Orestes

Pylades

40

he borrowed Laelaps to catch the Teumessian vixen, a major paradox (both turned to stone) (simple!)

Amphitryon

41

Zeus wooed this lovely young woman in the form of a satyr

Antiope

42

this Danaid refused to follow her father’s orders and spared her new husband

Hypermnestra

43

Hermes wooed this woman in Athens

Herse

44

she bore a child to Heracles; it was abandoned on the mountain to die but a doe nourished it

Auge

45

he was wary of the stranger standing in front of him, wearing only one sandal, a potential threat

Pelias

46

she boasted that she was more beautiful than the Nereids; Poseidon sent a sea monster as punishment

Cassiopeia

47

this Giant is buried under Mt. Etna where he occasionally exhibits fiery behavior

Enceladus

48

she was turned into a tree for picking the wrong flower; her son was Amphissus

Dryope

49

he was an early king of Athens, a chthonic being with ties to the Earth, hence his snake legs

Cecrops

50

he harnessed dangerous bulls, then he had to sow dragon’s teeth to produce armed men

Jason

51

Pelops bribed him to throw the race; he had expectations about Pelops’ bride which caused his death

Myrtilus

52

he dove into the ocean to retrieve a ring to demonstrate his parentage by Poseidon

Theseus

53

he was left on Lemnos with a smelly wound, with his arrows of Heracles, but the Greeks needed him

Philoctetes

54

this centaur carried Deianeira across a river, trying to kidnap her; Heracles shot him with an arrow

Nessus

55

this youngest son of Priam was treacherously killed by a neighboring king for the treasure he carried

Polydorus

56

she proclaimed ‘the baby is here’, startling the goddess of childbirth, so Alcmena was then able to give birth

Galinthias

57

by parching the seed, she caused a crop failure in order to cause trouble for Phrixus and Helle

Ino

58

Turnus sought help his to fight Aeneas; he declined, saying the Trojans were too fierce

Diomedes

59

this daughter of Erechtheus was taken by Boreas to be his bride

Orithyia

60

to rid himself of his Golden Touch, Midas bathed in this river to wash away its powers

Pactolus

61

this is the name used by Hermes when he is the leader of souls to the Underworld

Psychopomos

62

brother of Dido, he murdered her husband to steal his wealth

Pygmalion

63

this minstrel, at the court of Alcinous, made Odysseus weep with his song of the battles at Troy

Demodocus

64

he blinded Orion because the drunken hunter had assaulted his daughter

Oenopion

65

Heracles had to do penance and was sold as a slave to this woman

Omphale

66

Oeneus, the king of Calydon, offended her by neglecting to offer proper sacrifice, so she sent the boar

Artemis

67

this queen of the Amazons bore a son to Theseus

Antiope

68

this sea god was seized by Heracles to make him tell of the location of the Apples of the Hesperides

Nereus

69

because he cut down a dryad’s tree causing her death, he was punished with insatiable hunger

Erysichthon

70

the son of Chione and Hermes

Autolycus

71

he pursued his daughter’s suitors in a chariot, killing them with spears

Oenomaus

72

Circe desired him & tried to steal him from Canens, but he said no; she turned him into a woodpecker

Picus

73

his devoted wife prayed for his return from the sea, but he drowned instead; they became sea-birds

Ceyx

74

this child died from a snake bite & was given the name Archemorus; it was a bad sign for the Seven

Opheltes

75

he killed Priam the night Troy fell, as Priam clung to an altar of Zeus in his courtyard

Neoptolemus

76

he had difficulty capturing his future bride, because she kept changing her shape

Peleus

77

he brought an army to threaten Thebes to get honorable burial for the Seven Against Thebes

Theseus

78

he informed the river-god Asopus that Zeus had carried off his daughter Aegina

Sisyphus

79

she was overcome with desire for her brother and drove herself mad in pursuit of her incestuous goal

Byblis

80

her father Aeolus was surprised to find that she and her brother were engaged in incestuous union

Canace

81

she raised her daughter as a boy to hide her gender from her husband; Isis/Io answered her prayers

Telethusa

82

this son of Priam was captured and ransomed, then captured again and killed by Achilles

Lycaon

83

a youth, acting as a cupbearer to Oeneus, spilled wine and angered Heracles, who accidentally killed him

Eunomus

84

his wife gave him a box, he opened it, was driven mad, rode his horse fast, fell on his sword, and died

Acamas

85

he killed Antilochus, the son of Nestor

Memnon

86

this son of Poseidon, a fleet-footed Argonaut, cast a clod of earth into the sea, it became an island

Euphemus

87

he prophesied the Trojans would eat their tables before they found happiness and a new home

Calchas

88

he usurped the rule of Theseus in Athens during the absence of the hero

Menestheus

89

this Lycian warrior traded armor with Diomedes due to familial hospitality ties; he was then killed by Ajax

Glaucus

90

a son of Creon and descendant of the Spartoi, he sacrificed himself to insure victory

Menoeceus

91

Merops was a seer and knew his sons would die at Troy; this is who killed them

Diomedes

92

angry that his son-in-law had tricked him, he ordered his sons to kill his deceitful son-in-law

Phegeus

93

he interpreted the dream of Hecuba that the firebrand she was about to birth would destroy Troy

Aesacus

94

daughter of Aeolus; when he found out she had borne sons to Achelous, he threw her into the sea

Perimele

95

this Thespian youth wore armor with spikes as he was sacrificed to a dragon, ending these sacrifices

Menestratus

96

her husband told her to produce sons; she took in the abandoned Aeolus & Boetus as her own

Theano

97

he killed Machaon but in turn was killed by Neoptolemus

Eurypylus

98

he produced a fleece of gold (he had underhandedly obtained it), which entitled him to be king

Thyestes

99

Achilles was warned not to kill a son of Apollo but ignored that and killed this ally of Troy

Tenes

100

daughter of Aloeus & Iphimedia, pirates captured her; the two leaders killed each other over her

Pancratis