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Flashcards in Greek Life and Lit Deck (99):
1

According to Socrates in Plato’s Apology, what is the maximum price one would have to pay for one of
Anaxagoras’ books when purchasing it from the Orchestra?

1 drachma

2

What were hippiatrikoi?

Veterinarians

3

In “Homer’s” Iliad, which Trojan broke the truce between the Greeks and the Trojans in Book IV?

Pandarus

4

In which Greek polis were women dominant over men?

None

5

Which of these figures in Greek literature had his eyes gouged out?

Oedipus

6

Which lyric poet wrote an elegy to the Spartans who died at Thermopylae?

Simonides

7

Plato’s Crito discusses Crito, one of Socrates’ followers, attempting to do what?

Free Socrates

8

Which of the following was depicted on Minoan pottery?

Bull-leaping

9

Our knowledge of Socrates comes largely from the works of Plato, Aristophanes and what Greek Historian?

Xenophon

10

In the Bacchae of Euripides, who is torn apart by the Bacchae?

Pentheus

11

What is the first word in the Odyssey?

Andra

12

In the Homeric Hymn to Demeter, who ultimately convinces Demeter to give up her anger?

Rhea

13

Which Greek writer was supposedly killed when a bird dropped a turtle onto his head?

Aeschylus

14

What was the mixing bowl known as?

krater

15

Who won the prize at the first presentation of tragedy in Athens in 534 BC?

Thespis

16

Which poet was opposed alike to free invention of heroic incident and to rehashing traditional material?

Callimachus

17

The famous “Long Walls” led citizens from Athens to what port city?

Piraeus

18

Where was the most famous oracle located?

Delphi

19

What was boustrophedon?

Method of writing

20

The Greeks most likely derived their alphabet from which civilization?

Phoenicians

21

An important aspect of Greek culture was the idea of kalokagathia. What was this?

beauty and goodness

22

“Homer” was thought to be from what region?

Ionia

23

Which Greek letter supposedly dropped out of use before the classical period?

Digamma

24

What was the council in Athens called?

Boule

25

Order of pottery from earliest to latest (O = oriental, RF = red figure, BF = black figure, G = geometric)

O BF RF

26

Which of the following refers to a general?

strategos

27

Which of the following was not a gymnasium?

Palaestra

28

“You cannot step into the same river twice”

Heraclitus

29

Aristotle’s Ethics were named after?

his father and son

30

What was a wide tunic worn by both men and women called?

chiton

31

Which of Plato’s dialogues concerns a conversation between Socrates and a poet, ultimately culminating in
Socrates concluding that he knows more about Homer than the poet himself?

Ion

32

Men live chained to their seats in such a way that they can only see shadows projected on the wall by a light of
truth which is behind them. This is a description of what?

Allegory of the Cave

33

What was the Areopagus?

Athenian Court

34

In which play is the construction of “Nephelokukkugia” intended?

The Birds

35

Which philosopher thought of the world as breathing air from the boundless mass outside of it and spoke of this
air as a god?

Anaximenes

36

What was the rigorous education and training regimen for all Spartan males?

Agoge

37

Name three of Homer's works

Iliad, Odyssey, Nostoi

38

The first four books of the Odyssey are collectively known as?

Telemachy

39

What best describes nekuia?

Necromancy

40

Which month was called Poseideon in the Athenian calendar?

December

41

Aristophanes wrote works protesting what?

Peloponnesian War

42

In Plato’s Symposium, who describes love from a physician’s perspective?

Eryximachus

43

Mycenaean women began adopting fashion ideas from which other culture around the 18th century BC?

Minoans

44

Solon decreed that the happiest man in the world was?

Tellus

45

Who asked Solon for his advice on who was the happiest man in the world?

Croesus

46

How are the writings of Herodotus and Homer different?

History vs Poetry

47

Pnyx refers to?

hill in Athens

48

Which gate led to the Kerameikos?

Dipylon

49

What was the Kerameikos?

Cemetery

50

What was the term for the vertical staff of a sundial?

gnomon

51

What direction does one go when traveling from the Parthenon to the Temple of Hephaestus in the Agora?

NW

52

What was the council of elders at Sparta called?

gerousia

53

What was the elite force of 300 hoplites who acted as the royal bodyguard of Sparta?

hippeis

54

In his Ethics, Aristotle claims that the highest aim of humans is what?

excellence

55

What were the long spears carried by the cavalry?

sarissai

56

In which work does Hesiod discuss the origin of the universe?

Theogony

57

The syssitia were men's clubs that formed the basis of social and military life in which polis?

Sparta

58

Which historian wrote " As for the carrying off of women, it is the deed of a rogue; but to make a stir about such
as are carried off argues a man a fool"?

Herodotus

59

Which of Plato’s dialogues opens with a recapitulation of the first five books of the Republic?

Euthyphro

60

In which of Xenophon’s works does Socrates defend himself before the jury?

Memorabilia

61

What Spartan festival, held in honor of Apollo, resulted in Sparta’s absence at the Battle of Marathon?

Carnea

62

Who was said to have won a musical contest at this festival and founded the "First School" of music at Sparta?

Terpander

63

What cloth was used to make sails?

linen

64

What is the subject of the Iliad, as stated in the first line of the epic?

The wrath of Achilles

65

In the Odyssey, how long does it take Odysseus to reach Ithaca after the fall of Troy?

10 years

66

Classical Religion developed from Minoan and Mycenaean religion with influences from which region?

Near East

67

What was the common dialect of Greek during the time of Alexander?

Koine

68

What dialect was used by Athenian playwrights?

Attic

69

On a trireme, what were the second level of rowers called?

zygitai

70

Which dialect was brought into Greece along with its namesake “invasion?”

Doric

71

Anaximander proposed a rational explanation for the origin of the world. What is this concept?

Unbounded

72

Which of the works of the Oedipus trilogy was written first?

Antigone

73

Which of the works of the Oedipus trilogy takes place first chronologically?

Oedipus Tyrannos

74

What were settlements established specifically as trading posts?

emporia

75

Who was responsible for establishing the Academy school around 385 BC?

Plato

76

What was the measurement of the area of a strip of land that oxen could plow in one day?

plethron

77

Which goddess was wounded in the Iliad?

Aphrodite

78

In which sports event did participants jump on and off their moving chariot?

Apobates

79

What was the smallest silver coin?

obol

80

How long is one-sixth of a stadion?

100 feet

81

What were private individual bankers called?

trapezitai

82

Who was the most famous physician of Greek medicine?

Hippocrates

83

Which nephew of Plato was made head of The Academy after Plato's death?

Speusippus

84

The betrothal was which of these?

engye

85

In a Greek house, what were the women's quarters called?

gynaikonitis

86

“Whom the gods love, die young”

Menander

87

Whom is Aristophanes primarily attacking in his Clouds?

Socrates

88

What was the term for children's toys?

paignia

89

Which ring, discussed by Plato in his Republic, could turn the wearer invisible?

Ring of Gyges

90

The Myth of Er discusses what?

The afterlife

91

What were dice called?

kuboi

92

Acharnae was which of these?

deme

93

Which philosopher of Agrigentum believed that the world was composed of four elements: earth, air, fire and
water?

Empedocles

94

Who was the author of the Argonautica?

Apollonius of Rhodes

95

Which of these was a colony founded by Sparta in 706 BC?

Taras

96

Which of Plato’s works contains a number of the fashionable wits sharing discourses on the nature of love?

Symposium

97

The Greek phalanx may have originated as early as the 8th century BC in what area?

Sparta

98

How many works of literature can we ascribe to Socrates?

None

99

What was the term for the sacrifice of 100 oxen?

hecatomb