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Flashcards in Hellenic History Deck (200):
1

Which of Solon’s classes, according to its name, could afford to yoke oxen together?

zeugitai

2

Those who inhabited Bronze Age Crete are known as the…

Minoans

3

The years c. 1100-800 are known as the…

Dark Ages

4

Near what island in the Saronic Gulf did Themistocles trap the larger, less maneuverable Persian fleet in 480?

Salamis

5

Which of these events sparked the conflict between Greece and Persia?

Ionian Revolt

6

Which of these was the site of a Minoan palace?

Phaistos

7

Thucydides was a historian best known for his. . .

history of the Peloponnesian War

8

Where in 479 did a Greek marine force defeat the Persians?

Mycale

9

Which nearby city was in charge of managing the Olympic Games?

Elis

10

The “Golden Age” of Athens refers to the period of time when which man exercised power?

Pericles

11

Where did Pausanias and an allied Greek force defeat the Persians in 479?

Plataea

12

Ptolemy was a general who served under…

Alexander

13

What capital of Lydia did Athens help burn down?

Sardis

14

Who assigned the member states of the Delian League their dues?

Aristides

15

What was the first colony?

Cumae

16

What term do archaeologists use to refer to mainland Bronze Age Greece?

Helladic

17

Who ambushed the Athenians at Aegospotami, effectively ending the Peloponnesian War?

Lysander

18

Which battle in 422 claimed a leader from both Sparta and Athens?

Amphipolis

19

Where did Alexander command the left wing against the Thebans?

Chaeronea

20

Mycenaean artwork heavily features which of these subjects?

warfare

21

In what year did the Athenians win at Arginusae but fail to save sailors and their bodies?

406

22

The “Hot Gates” where the Persians met a small resistance led by Leonidas are known as…

Thermopylae

23

In what year was the Delian League created?

478

24

Bucephalus was Alexander’s…

horse

25

To which city-state do all of the following relate: crypteia, perioiki, Taras, and Great Rhetra?

Sparta

26

After the death of Alexander, who claimed Syria?

Seleucus

27

Callicrates, Ictinus, and Phidias were all artists under the employ of which politician?

Pericles

28

Which of the following groups would likely have the oldest average member?

Gerousia

29

Where did the Spartans obtain their helots?

Messenia

30

Black Cleitus became famous by saving which more famous man in battle?

Alexander

31

The labyrinth of Knossos draws its name from the labrys, or…

doubleheaded axe

32

The Treasury of Atreus is a bit of a misnomer, as it actually served as a(n)…

tholos tomb

33

The Pnyx was the gathering place of the Athenian…

Ekklesia

34

In which of the following poleis did women generally enjoy the most freedom?

Sparta

35

The polemarch was the archon who…

ran military matters

36

At which of these sites did Heinrich Schliemann dig?

Tiryns

37

Which Greek lady from Halicarnassus sailed with Xerxes against Greece?

Artemisia

38

On what writing surface did ancient Greeks cast their votes?

shards of pottery

39

Where did Alexander first meet the Persians in battle?

Granicus River

40

After being admonished for drunkenly mocking the Eleusinian Mysteries before non-initiates, which wild
Athenian might have replied, “Turn down for what?!”

Alcibiades

41

. Of these, the only battle which could in any way be called a Spartan victory was the Battle of. .

300 Champions

42

The Battle of Himera was fought by Greeks in Sicily against…

Carthage

43

Who was the leader of the Thirty Tyrants?

Critias

44

Where did the Persian invasion of 492 wreck and fail?

Mt. Athos

45

Who fell victim to the tyrannicides in 514?

Hipparchus

46

Who, implicated in the Persian-loving scandal surrounding Pausanias, was ostracized c. 471?

Themistocles

47

Which city was the metropolis of Epidamnos?

Corcyra

48

Which of these did Xenophon hear being shouted at the end of the Greek mercenaries’ expedition out of
Persia?

thalassa, thalassa!

49

The Athenian Boule under the reforms of Solon consisted of how many men?

400

50

Who, despite originally opposing the Sicilian Expedition, ended up in sole charge of it?

Nicias

51

What is the term meaning, “submission to Persian power by sending earth and water?”

medismos

52

Which of these was left intact after Alexander strolled through?

Pindar’s house

53

Suppose Pheidippides, during his running in 490, wanted to visit more poleis than just Sparta. Which of
these would he (after learning to run over water) have found a bit crispy and desolate?

Eretria

54

Which of these best describes the leitourgia (liturgy)?

sponsoring of ships or plays by the rich

55

Where did Cyrus the Younger win a battle, but lose his life, in 401?

Cunaxa

56

Give the years of the battles Issus, Tyre, Gaugamela, Hydaspes

333, 332, 331, 326

57

The 432 siege of what Corinthian colony in the Chalcidice caused much ire towards Athens?

Potidaea

58

Which Athenian engineered the attack on Pylos and the capture of 121 Spartans at Sphacteria?

Demosthenes

59

Mt. Laurion was famous for being…

the location of a silver mine

60

Whose attempt to become tyrant at Athens ended with his supporters being stoned to death by Megacles,
leading to the stain on the Alcmaeonid family?

Cylon’s

61

Where was Alexander proclaimed the descendant of Zeus Ammon?

Sogdian Rock

62

Who was the daughter of Darius III and wife of Alexander?

Stateira

63

Who stopped a rebellion by his brother Cyrus the Younger and Cyrus’s Greek mercenaries?

Artaxerxes II

64

Who survived the ambush at Aegospotami and went on to help the Persians against Sparta?

Conon

65

Who led the victorious force at the Battle of Leuctra?

Epaminondas

66

During a conflict with Selinus in 426, which polis did Segesta call on for help?

Athens

67

Athenian jurors were known as…

dikastai

68

Where in 410 did the Athenians completely crush a Spartan fleet?

Cyzicus

69

At which river did Cimon defeat the Persians, convincing them not to try to expand westward?

Eurymedon

70

Name three Doric colonies

Rhodes, Sparta, Corinth

71

T or F
the hoplite phalanx warfare developed in a war between Sparta and Argos

F

72

Name three students of Socrates

Xenophon, Alcibiades, Critias

73

T or F
Callimachus had a peace named after him

F

74

Name three Theban men that are vaguely important probably

Pelopidas, Pagondas, Epaminondas

75

Where in 394 did the Persians completely crush Sparta’s hopes for a naval empire?

Cnidos

76

Where was Thrasybulus stationed when oligarchs overthrew the Athenian democracy in 411?

Samos

77

An Athenian decree in 432 closed all the empire’s ports to ships from…

Megara

78

During the Peloponnesian War, the concept of “might makes right” was displayed through Athens’s harsh
treatment of the neutral inhabitants of…

Melos

79

. The tyrant Hippias eventually found himself besieged on the Acropolis by what foreigner?

Cleomenes

80

Whose innovative use of peltasts defeated the traditional Spartan hoplites during the Corinthian War?

Iphicrates

81

Athens decided to execute all the men and enslave all the other inhabitants of what city…before debating
the matter and rescinding the order just in time?

Mytilene

82

Which Spartan commander devised his own plot to take Piraeus at night by surprise, but arrived after dawn
and thus caused the Athenians to ally with Thebes against Sparta?

Sphodrias

83

After he burned down the Temple of Artemis at Ephesus seeking fame, the authorities forbade his name to
be mentioned, yet they could not stamp out the infamous name of…

Herostratus

84

Peisistratus of...

Athens

85

Cleisthenes of...

Sicyon

86

Periander of...

Corinth

87

Polycrates of...

Samos

88

Jason of...

Pherae

89

Father of Democracy

Cleisthenes

90

Father of Xerxes

Darius I

91

Father of Cimon

Miltiades

92

Father of Periander

Cypselus

93

Father of History

Herodotus

94

The year 399 saw the death of…

Socrates

95

Who, c. 470, starved in a temple of Athena before being dragged out to die by his captors, lest his death
pollute the temple?

Pausanias

96

Who assassinated Philip II at his daughter’s wedding in 336?

Pausanias

97

Which of Alexander’s generals was put to death because his son, suspected of treason, was also being put to
death?

Parmenion

98

At what battle did Pelopidas fall to the bodyguards of his opponent, one Alexander?

Cynoscephalae

99

Which mentor of Pericles limited the power of the Areopagus, later being assassinated for his efforts?

Ephialtes

100

Who might have written, “You see, what had happened was…” to start the first book of history, which
covered the Persian Wars?

Herodotus

101

Who, when facing the might of Persia with his 300 bodyguards, might have said, “One does not simply walk
into Greece,” only to be defeated at Thermopylae?

Leonidas

102

Knossos was the nexus of what Bronze Age island civilization?

Minoan

103

In the straits off of which island did the allied Greek fleet crush the Persians in 480?

Salamis

104

Where did Pausanias command the Greeks against the invading Persians in 479?

Plataea

105

What event signaled the transition from Delian League to Athenian Empire?

moving the League treasury to Athens

106

After what decisive battle near Arbela did Alexander essentially become King of Persia?

Gaugamela

107

Which Achaemenid was the opponent of Alexander?

Darius III

108

Miltiades, despite not serving as the polemarch, is famous for his contribution to which battle?

Marathon

109

Alexander’s last great victory, after which Bucephalus died, took place in 326 at what river?

Hydaspes

110

In which popular assembly at Athens could all males of age participate after military service?

ecclesia

111

Whose schemes to become tyrant at Athens included dressing a large woman up as Athena?

Peisistratus

112

Which poet/archon instituted several political, social, and economic reforms in 594?

Solon

113

Put the eras in chronological order:

Bronze Age, Dark Ages, Archaic Age, Classical, Hellenistic

114

Traditionally, why does the year 776 mark the beginning of Hellenic history for us?

it marks the beginning of the first Olympiad, by which the Greeks kept track of time.

115

Which of the following would one be most likely to see in Minoan art?

bull-leaping

116

Which of the following sites did Heinrich Schliemann NOT excavate?
A. Mycenae B. Tiryns C. Pylos D. Troy

C. Pylos

117

Under whose harsh laws might an apple thief have said, “Well, that escalated quickly,” just before being
executed for his crimes?

Draco’s

118

Bronze Age palaces followed what general floor plan?

megaron

119

What ambush by the Spartans in 405 effectively ended the Peloponnesian War?

Aegospotami

120

Which of the following poleis medized?

Thebes

121

Which son of Miltiades inherited his father’s debt but won a battle at Eurymedon River?

Cimon

122

Who correctly interpreted the Delphic oracle to “put your faith in wooden walls”?

Themistocles

123

Under the rule of Peisistratus, Thespis became the first great…

actor

124

Which of the following is NOT true about the practice of ostracism?
A. the ostracized person was exiled for 10 years
B. the ostracized person retained his property
C. the ostracized person’s family accompanied him in exile
D. the process required a minimum of 6,000 votes

C. the ostracized person’s family accompanied him in exile

125

Cleisthenes expanded the Boule from 400 men to…

500

126

Name the four Panhellenic Games

Pythian
Isthmian
Nemean
Olympic

127

Which group is traditionally thought to have migrated south into Greece, ending Mycenaean dominance and
settling in the Peloponnesus?

Dorians

128

Thera is an island famous for what event from the Bronze Age?

the volcanic eruption that helped ruin Minoan civilization

129

Which of these Bronze Age scripts has been deciphered?

Linear B

130

Who, after fleeing from Athens in fear of prosecution for a night of particularly hard partying, and after
going to Sparta and seducing the king’s wife, and after advising the Persian satrap Tissaphernes, might
have further shamed the Alcmaeonid name by shouting, “YOLO!” upon his return to Athenian
command?

Alcibiades

131

Which of these would one NOT find in the ruins of Mycenae?
A. Cyclopean masonry B. The Kerameikos C. The Lion Gate D. The Treasury of Atreus

B. The Kerameikos

132

What civilization, in addition to the Greeks, colonized much of the Mediterranean?

Phoenicians

133

Select the choice with the following reformed social classes in order from lowest to highest:

thetes, zeugitai, hippeis, pentakosiomedimnoi

134

Which sons of Peisistratus co-ruled as tyrants until one met his end at the hands of the tyrannicides at the
Panathenaic Festival of 514?

Hippias & Hipparchus

135

The Battle of Lade Island took place during which conflict?

Ionian Revolt

136

Which of the battles of 479 featured a Greek force landing in Ionia?

Mycale

137

Which of these women was NOT involved in Xerxes’s life?
A. Atossa B. Artemisia C. Amestris D. Aspasia

D. Aspasia

138

Which Corinthian colony did Athens support against Corinth and Epidamnus?

Corcyra

139

The Great Rhetra was a Delphic decree used by which reformer?

Lycurgus

140

Which of the Athenian archon positions was the “king” archon in charge of religious rites?

Basileus

141

Alexander was devastated by which lifelong friend’s death in 324?

Hephaestion

142

Which of the Diadochi wisely claimed Egypt after Alexander’s death?

Ptolemy

143

The treaty ending (open) hostilities between the Delian League & Persia was known as the…

Peace of Callias

144

Which of the following best describes a Greek tyrant?

a politician who came to power through unconstitutional means

145

To whom was Olympias of Epirus married?

Philip II

146

Which Theban general’s innovative leadership on the battlefield led to the period known as Theban
Hegemony?

Epaminondas

147

Xenophon’s account of the March of the Ten Thousand is found in his history, the…

Anabasis

148

What Thracian colony of Athens was the focus of much back-and-forth fighting in 424-422?

Amphipolis

149

Where in 406 did the Athenians win a naval victory but fail to rescue their survivors in a storm afterwards?

Arginusae

150

On what island did the Athenians trap and force the surrender of 121 Spartans?

Sphacteria

151

The siege of which northern colony was a direct catalyst for the Peloponnesian War?

Potidaea

152

After the Greeks drove out the Persians, which Spartan commander was embroiled in a scandal for
becoming too friendly with Persia?

Pausanias

153

Which of the following, in accordance with his reputation as a just man, once helped another man by voting
to ostracize himself?

Aristides

154

Which naval engagement coincided with Thermopylae and meant to delay the Persian navy?

Artemisium

155

The Spartan king Cleombrotus was killed in 371 at the Battle of…

Mantinea

156

Where in 401 did Cyrus the Younger’s rebellion against his brother come to a head?

Cunaxa

157

In what year was Socrates forced to drink hemlock?

399

158

In his Funeral Oration, what does Pericles call Athens?

the School of Hellas

159

Pericles’s Funeral Oration is a part of a larger work by which author?

Thucydides

160

Who, after arriving in Athens, might have said, “I don’t always run to and from Sparta seeking help, and
then run another 26 miles from the battle site to announce our victory, thus starting an athletic
competition, but when I do, I die right afterwards,” just before dying?

Pheidippides

161

Which art technique, using water and plaster, was widely used by the Minoans?

fresco

162

Which Ionian city was said by Pliny the Elder to have founded 80-90 colonies?

Miletus

163

What was the term for the unification of Attica under Athenian rule?

synoikismos

164

Which Olympic champion attempted to make himself tyrant at Athens?

Cylon

165

Who led the Ionian Revolt against Persia?

Aristagoras

166

During his trip to Egypt, Alexander was proclaimed a son of what Egyptian form of Zeus?

Ammon

167

How did Darius III meet his end?

he was killed by the satrap Bessus

168

Where did Alexander prove himself the future king of Asia by cutting through a knot that could not be
untied?

Gordium

169

Which Spartan general died at the Battle of Amphipolis?

Brasidas

170

The Peace of Nicias was rather tenuous, and thus in 418 the Spartans defeated Athens where?

Mantinea

171

Which Spartan commander was sent to relieve Syracuse during Athens’s "Sicilian Expedition"?

Gylippus

172

After which battle did the Athenians have to hurry, on foot, to beat the Persians, in boats, back to Athens?

Marathon

173

What part of a Spartan youth’s training, often fancied as a “secret police” force, included keeping tabs on
and even killing helots?

crypteia

174

Where in Egypt did the Greeks establish a trading post or emporion?

Naucratis

175

Taras was a colony composed originally of…

the illegitimate sons of Spartan women

176

Which of the following is NOT a Minoan palace site?
A. Gortyna B. Mallia C. Phaistos D. Zakro

A. Gortyna

177

For what personal reasons were the tyrant sons of Peisistratus targeted by the tyrannicides?

one of the tyrants had shamed the sister of one of the tyrannicides

178

In which of these was the Persian Mardonius NOT involved?
A. the 492 expedition which ended in shipwreck at Mt. Athos
B. the island-hopping campaign which defeated Naxos and Eretria in 490
C. the Battle of Plataea in 479
D. he was involved in all of the above

B. the island-hopping campaign which defeated Naxos and Eretria in 490

179

Who restored democracy in Athens twice, both in 411 after the oligarchic coup and in 404 against the Thirty
Tyrants?

Thrasybulus

180

What conflict between Phocis and the Amphictyonic League gave Philip II an opening to become king of
Thessaly, expanding his realm farther south?

Third Sacred War

181

How old was Alexander when he died in Babylon?

32

182

Which Bactrian princess was Alexander’s first wife?

Roxana

183

For roughly how many years did the Thirty Years’ Peace actually last?

15

184

Which of the following cities was the explicit cause of Athens’s expedition to Sicily in 415?

Segesta

185

Which Spartan king supported Isagoras’s bid for power in Athens?

Cleomenes

186

Periander was tyrant at which polis?

Corinth

187

Pick the option that puts the following styles of pottery in chronological order:

Geometric, Orientalizing, Black Figure, Red Figure, White Ground

188

During which conflict is the phalanx often thought to have originated?

Lelantine War

189

Which two poleis participated in the Battle of the 300 Champions?

Argos & Sparta

190

Thales was a philosopher known for what feat?

predicting the eclipse of 585

191

What moderate oligarch clashed with his more extreme colleagues after the coup of 411 and also as one of
the Thirty Tyrants, getting himself executed without trial for his views?

Theramenes

192

Battles at Naupactus, Mytilene, Olpae, and Delium were all part of what conflict?

Archidamian War

193

Cimon died during Athens’s campaign to subdue which island?

Cyprus

194

The Tunnel of Eupalinos on Samos was built under the rule of which tyrant?

Polycrates

195

A rivalry between which two colonies represented a debate between health and wealth?

Croton & Sybaris

196

Which poet wrote a memorial epigram for the war dead at Marathon?

Simonides

197

How did Pericles the Younger meet his end?

he was executed with other generals for their failure to rescue sailors

198

What Athenian won incredibly tough battles at Naupactus, making him a contender for the first great
admiral?

Phormio

199

Who, when trying to convince Nicias to flee the disastrous expedition to Sicily, might have said, “Ain’t
nobody got time for that,” referring to an ominous lunar eclipse?

Demosthenes

200

What team?

WILDCATS! GET YOUR HEAD IN THE GAME!