Flashcards in Hellenic History Deck (200):
Which of Solon’s classes, according to its name, could afford to yoke oxen together?
Those who inhabited Bronze Age Crete are known as the…
The years c. 1100-800 are known as the…
Near what island in the Saronic Gulf did Themistocles trap the larger, less maneuverable Persian fleet in 480?
Which of these events sparked the conflict between Greece and Persia?
Which of these was the site of a Minoan palace?
Thucydides was a historian best known for his. . .
history of the Peloponnesian War
Where in 479 did a Greek marine force defeat the Persians?
Which nearby city was in charge of managing the Olympic Games?
The “Golden Age” of Athens refers to the period of time when which man exercised power?
Where did Pausanias and an allied Greek force defeat the Persians in 479?
Ptolemy was a general who served under…
What capital of Lydia did Athens help burn down?
Who assigned the member states of the Delian League their dues?
What was the first colony?
What term do archaeologists use to refer to mainland Bronze Age Greece?
Who ambushed the Athenians at Aegospotami, effectively ending the Peloponnesian War?
Which battle in 422 claimed a leader from both Sparta and Athens?
Where did Alexander command the left wing against the Thebans?
Mycenaean artwork heavily features which of these subjects?
In what year did the Athenians win at Arginusae but fail to save sailors and their bodies?
The “Hot Gates” where the Persians met a small resistance led by Leonidas are known as…
In what year was the Delian League created?
Bucephalus was Alexander’s…
To which city-state do all of the following relate: crypteia, perioiki, Taras, and Great Rhetra?
After the death of Alexander, who claimed Syria?
Callicrates, Ictinus, and Phidias were all artists under the employ of which politician?
Which of the following groups would likely have the oldest average member?
Where did the Spartans obtain their helots?
Black Cleitus became famous by saving which more famous man in battle?
The labyrinth of Knossos draws its name from the labrys, or…
The Treasury of Atreus is a bit of a misnomer, as it actually served as a(n)…
The Pnyx was the gathering place of the Athenian…
In which of the following poleis did women generally enjoy the most freedom?
The polemarch was the archon who…
ran military matters
At which of these sites did Heinrich Schliemann dig?
Which Greek lady from Halicarnassus sailed with Xerxes against Greece?
On what writing surface did ancient Greeks cast their votes?
shards of pottery
Where did Alexander first meet the Persians in battle?
After being admonished for drunkenly mocking the Eleusinian Mysteries before non-initiates, which wild
Athenian might have replied, “Turn down for what?!”
. Of these, the only battle which could in any way be called a Spartan victory was the Battle of. .
The Battle of Himera was fought by Greeks in Sicily against…
Who was the leader of the Thirty Tyrants?
Where did the Persian invasion of 492 wreck and fail?
Who fell victim to the tyrannicides in 514?
Who, implicated in the Persian-loving scandal surrounding Pausanias, was ostracized c. 471?
Which city was the metropolis of Epidamnos?
Which of these did Xenophon hear being shouted at the end of the Greek mercenaries’ expedition out of
The Athenian Boule under the reforms of Solon consisted of how many men?
Who, despite originally opposing the Sicilian Expedition, ended up in sole charge of it?
What is the term meaning, “submission to Persian power by sending earth and water?”
Which of these was left intact after Alexander strolled through?
Suppose Pheidippides, during his running in 490, wanted to visit more poleis than just Sparta. Which of
these would he (after learning to run over water) have found a bit crispy and desolate?
Which of these best describes the leitourgia (liturgy)?
sponsoring of ships or plays by the rich
Where did Cyrus the Younger win a battle, but lose his life, in 401?
Give the years of the battles Issus, Tyre, Gaugamela, Hydaspes
333, 332, 331, 326
The 432 siege of what Corinthian colony in the Chalcidice caused much ire towards Athens?
Which Athenian engineered the attack on Pylos and the capture of 121 Spartans at Sphacteria?
Mt. Laurion was famous for being…
the location of a silver mine
Whose attempt to become tyrant at Athens ended with his supporters being stoned to death by Megacles,
leading to the stain on the Alcmaeonid family?
Where was Alexander proclaimed the descendant of Zeus Ammon?
Who was the daughter of Darius III and wife of Alexander?
Who stopped a rebellion by his brother Cyrus the Younger and Cyrus’s Greek mercenaries?
Who survived the ambush at Aegospotami and went on to help the Persians against Sparta?
Who led the victorious force at the Battle of Leuctra?
During a conflict with Selinus in 426, which polis did Segesta call on for help?
Athenian jurors were known as…
Where in 410 did the Athenians completely crush a Spartan fleet?
At which river did Cimon defeat the Persians, convincing them not to try to expand westward?
Name three Doric colonies
Rhodes, Sparta, Corinth
T or F
the hoplite phalanx warfare developed in a war between Sparta and Argos
Name three students of Socrates
Xenophon, Alcibiades, Critias
T or F
Callimachus had a peace named after him
Name three Theban men that are vaguely important probably
Pelopidas, Pagondas, Epaminondas
Where in 394 did the Persians completely crush Sparta’s hopes for a naval empire?
Where was Thrasybulus stationed when oligarchs overthrew the Athenian democracy in 411?
An Athenian decree in 432 closed all the empire’s ports to ships from…
During the Peloponnesian War, the concept of “might makes right” was displayed through Athens’s harsh
treatment of the neutral inhabitants of…
. The tyrant Hippias eventually found himself besieged on the Acropolis by what foreigner?
Whose innovative use of peltasts defeated the traditional Spartan hoplites during the Corinthian War?
Athens decided to execute all the men and enslave all the other inhabitants of what city…before debating
the matter and rescinding the order just in time?
Which Spartan commander devised his own plot to take Piraeus at night by surprise, but arrived after dawn
and thus caused the Athenians to ally with Thebes against Sparta?
After he burned down the Temple of Artemis at Ephesus seeking fame, the authorities forbade his name to
be mentioned, yet they could not stamp out the infamous name of…
Father of Democracy
Father of Xerxes
Father of Cimon
Father of Periander
Father of History
The year 399 saw the death of…
Who, c. 470, starved in a temple of Athena before being dragged out to die by his captors, lest his death
pollute the temple?
Who assassinated Philip II at his daughter’s wedding in 336?
Which of Alexander’s generals was put to death because his son, suspected of treason, was also being put to
At what battle did Pelopidas fall to the bodyguards of his opponent, one Alexander?
Which mentor of Pericles limited the power of the Areopagus, later being assassinated for his efforts?
Who might have written, “You see, what had happened was…” to start the first book of history, which
covered the Persian Wars?
Who, when facing the might of Persia with his 300 bodyguards, might have said, “One does not simply walk
into Greece,” only to be defeated at Thermopylae?
Knossos was the nexus of what Bronze Age island civilization?
In the straits off of which island did the allied Greek fleet crush the Persians in 480?
Where did Pausanias command the Greeks against the invading Persians in 479?
What event signaled the transition from Delian League to Athenian Empire?
moving the League treasury to Athens
After what decisive battle near Arbela did Alexander essentially become King of Persia?
Which Achaemenid was the opponent of Alexander?
Miltiades, despite not serving as the polemarch, is famous for his contribution to which battle?
Alexander’s last great victory, after which Bucephalus died, took place in 326 at what river?
In which popular assembly at Athens could all males of age participate after military service?
Whose schemes to become tyrant at Athens included dressing a large woman up as Athena?
Which poet/archon instituted several political, social, and economic reforms in 594?
Put the eras in chronological order:
Bronze Age, Dark Ages, Archaic Age, Classical, Hellenistic
Traditionally, why does the year 776 mark the beginning of Hellenic history for us?
it marks the beginning of the first Olympiad, by which the Greeks kept track of time.
Which of the following would one be most likely to see in Minoan art?
Which of the following sites did Heinrich Schliemann NOT excavate?
A. Mycenae B. Tiryns C. Pylos D. Troy
Under whose harsh laws might an apple thief have said, “Well, that escalated quickly,” just before being
executed for his crimes?
Bronze Age palaces followed what general floor plan?
What ambush by the Spartans in 405 effectively ended the Peloponnesian War?
Which of the following poleis medized?
Which son of Miltiades inherited his father’s debt but won a battle at Eurymedon River?
Who correctly interpreted the Delphic oracle to “put your faith in wooden walls”?
Under the rule of Peisistratus, Thespis became the first great…
Which of the following is NOT true about the practice of ostracism?
A. the ostracized person was exiled for 10 years
B. the ostracized person retained his property
C. the ostracized person’s family accompanied him in exile
D. the process required a minimum of 6,000 votes
C. the ostracized person’s family accompanied him in exile
Cleisthenes expanded the Boule from 400 men to…
Name the four Panhellenic Games
Which group is traditionally thought to have migrated south into Greece, ending Mycenaean dominance and
settling in the Peloponnesus?
Thera is an island famous for what event from the Bronze Age?
the volcanic eruption that helped ruin Minoan civilization
Which of these Bronze Age scripts has been deciphered?
Who, after fleeing from Athens in fear of prosecution for a night of particularly hard partying, and after
going to Sparta and seducing the king’s wife, and after advising the Persian satrap Tissaphernes, might
have further shamed the Alcmaeonid name by shouting, “YOLO!” upon his return to Athenian
Which of these would one NOT find in the ruins of Mycenae?
A. Cyclopean masonry B. The Kerameikos C. The Lion Gate D. The Treasury of Atreus
B. The Kerameikos
What civilization, in addition to the Greeks, colonized much of the Mediterranean?
Select the choice with the following reformed social classes in order from lowest to highest:
thetes, zeugitai, hippeis, pentakosiomedimnoi
Which sons of Peisistratus co-ruled as tyrants until one met his end at the hands of the tyrannicides at the
Panathenaic Festival of 514?
Hippias & Hipparchus
The Battle of Lade Island took place during which conflict?
Which of the battles of 479 featured a Greek force landing in Ionia?
Which of these women was NOT involved in Xerxes’s life?
A. Atossa B. Artemisia C. Amestris D. Aspasia
Which Corinthian colony did Athens support against Corinth and Epidamnus?
The Great Rhetra was a Delphic decree used by which reformer?
Which of the Athenian archon positions was the “king” archon in charge of religious rites?
Alexander was devastated by which lifelong friend’s death in 324?
Which of the Diadochi wisely claimed Egypt after Alexander’s death?
The treaty ending (open) hostilities between the Delian League & Persia was known as the…
Peace of Callias
Which of the following best describes a Greek tyrant?
a politician who came to power through unconstitutional means
To whom was Olympias of Epirus married?
Which Theban general’s innovative leadership on the battlefield led to the period known as Theban
Xenophon’s account of the March of the Ten Thousand is found in his history, the…
What Thracian colony of Athens was the focus of much back-and-forth fighting in 424-422?
Where in 406 did the Athenians win a naval victory but fail to rescue their survivors in a storm afterwards?
On what island did the Athenians trap and force the surrender of 121 Spartans?
The siege of which northern colony was a direct catalyst for the Peloponnesian War?
After the Greeks drove out the Persians, which Spartan commander was embroiled in a scandal for
becoming too friendly with Persia?
Which of the following, in accordance with his reputation as a just man, once helped another man by voting
to ostracize himself?
Which naval engagement coincided with Thermopylae and meant to delay the Persian navy?
The Spartan king Cleombrotus was killed in 371 at the Battle of…
Where in 401 did Cyrus the Younger’s rebellion against his brother come to a head?
In what year was Socrates forced to drink hemlock?
In his Funeral Oration, what does Pericles call Athens?
the School of Hellas
Pericles’s Funeral Oration is a part of a larger work by which author?
Who, after arriving in Athens, might have said, “I don’t always run to and from Sparta seeking help, and
then run another 26 miles from the battle site to announce our victory, thus starting an athletic
competition, but when I do, I die right afterwards,” just before dying?
Which art technique, using water and plaster, was widely used by the Minoans?
Which Ionian city was said by Pliny the Elder to have founded 80-90 colonies?
What was the term for the unification of Attica under Athenian rule?
Which Olympic champion attempted to make himself tyrant at Athens?
Who led the Ionian Revolt against Persia?
During his trip to Egypt, Alexander was proclaimed a son of what Egyptian form of Zeus?
How did Darius III meet his end?
he was killed by the satrap Bessus
Where did Alexander prove himself the future king of Asia by cutting through a knot that could not be
Which Spartan general died at the Battle of Amphipolis?
The Peace of Nicias was rather tenuous, and thus in 418 the Spartans defeated Athens where?
Which Spartan commander was sent to relieve Syracuse during Athens’s "Sicilian Expedition"?
After which battle did the Athenians have to hurry, on foot, to beat the Persians, in boats, back to Athens?
What part of a Spartan youth’s training, often fancied as a “secret police” force, included keeping tabs on
and even killing helots?
Where in Egypt did the Greeks establish a trading post or emporion?
Taras was a colony composed originally of…
the illegitimate sons of Spartan women
Which of the following is NOT a Minoan palace site?
A. Gortyna B. Mallia C. Phaistos D. Zakro
For what personal reasons were the tyrant sons of Peisistratus targeted by the tyrannicides?
one of the tyrants had shamed the sister of one of the tyrannicides
In which of these was the Persian Mardonius NOT involved?
A. the 492 expedition which ended in shipwreck at Mt. Athos
B. the island-hopping campaign which defeated Naxos and Eretria in 490
C. the Battle of Plataea in 479
D. he was involved in all of the above
B. the island-hopping campaign which defeated Naxos and Eretria in 490
Who restored democracy in Athens twice, both in 411 after the oligarchic coup and in 404 against the Thirty
What conflict between Phocis and the Amphictyonic League gave Philip II an opening to become king of
Thessaly, expanding his realm farther south?
Third Sacred War
How old was Alexander when he died in Babylon?
Which Bactrian princess was Alexander’s first wife?
For roughly how many years did the Thirty Years’ Peace actually last?
Which of the following cities was the explicit cause of Athens’s expedition to Sicily in 415?
Which Spartan king supported Isagoras’s bid for power in Athens?
Periander was tyrant at which polis?
Pick the option that puts the following styles of pottery in chronological order:
Geometric, Orientalizing, Black Figure, Red Figure, White Ground
During which conflict is the phalanx often thought to have originated?
Which two poleis participated in the Battle of the 300 Champions?
Argos & Sparta
Thales was a philosopher known for what feat?
predicting the eclipse of 585
What moderate oligarch clashed with his more extreme colleagues after the coup of 411 and also as one of
the Thirty Tyrants, getting himself executed without trial for his views?
Battles at Naupactus, Mytilene, Olpae, and Delium were all part of what conflict?
Cimon died during Athens’s campaign to subdue which island?
The Tunnel of Eupalinos on Samos was built under the rule of which tyrant?
A rivalry between which two colonies represented a debate between health and wealth?
Croton & Sybaris
Which poet wrote a memorial epigram for the war dead at Marathon?
How did Pericles the Younger meet his end?
he was executed with other generals for their failure to rescue sailors
What Athenian won incredibly tough battles at Naupactus, making him a contender for the first great
Who, when trying to convince Nicias to flee the disastrous expedition to Sicily, might have said, “Ain’t
nobody got time for that,” referring to an ominous lunar eclipse?