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Flashcards in Classification & Identification Deck (22)
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1

What do you think is emphasized in medicine

Identification

2

Name the taxonomic hierarchy

Domain Kingdom (eukaryotes only) Phylum or division Class Order Family Genus Species

3

Name the three domains

Bacteria Archaea Eukaraya

4

Do you have to use binomial nomenclature to name species

Yes

5

What defines a prokaryotic species

A group of genetically related cells

6

Where did all cells arose from

A common prokaryotic ancestor 3.5 to 4 billion years ago

7

What is the eukaryotic cell evolution

Membrane infolding Endosimbiotic theory

8

What is taxonomy

The study of organisms to arrange them into groups for purposes of classification or identification

9

What 2 domains are prokaryotic cell type

Bacteria and Archaea

10

What Domain is eukaryotic cell type

Eukarya

11

What domains cell walls varies with no PG

Archaea and eukarya

12

What domains cell wall is usually PG

Bacteria

13

What domains membrane lipids are straight fatty acid chains attached to glycerol by ester linkage

Bacteria and eukarya

14

What domains membrane lipids branched fatty acid chains attached to glyceryl by Ether linkage

Archaea

15

Which domains use methionine as their first amino acid in protein

Archaea and eukarya

16

Which domain uses formylmethionine as their first amino acid in protein

Bacteria

17

Study the chart

18

Name the forms of Identification of Prokaryotes

Phenotype- Microscopic morphology

Colony morphology

Metabolic testing table

Serology

Genotype- Sequencing DNA/rRNA 

DNA fingerprinting

DNA probes

19

Describe Microscopic morphology

Size & shape (rod/cocci)

Gram and special stains

20

Describe colony morphology

Isolated colony/pure cultures

unique appearance, pigments

may require differential media

21

Describe metabolic testing table

enzymes

groups of enzymes

Dichotomous key

22

Describe serology

it uses antibodies for specific diseases