Flashcards in DNA Deck (68)
DNA to RNA
RNA to protein
A series of 3 bases and is coding for an amino acid
Each codon is
1 amino acid
DNA sugar is
Sugar (deoxyribose)- phosphate backbone
What are the DNA nitrogenous bases?
A T C G
What kind of strand is DNA?
Double stranded helix
DNA complementary strands are
Is DNA supercoiled?
What kind of sugar does RNA have?
Sugar (ribose)- phosphate backbone
What nitrogenous bases does RNA have?
A U G C
Is RNA double stranded?
No. Single stranded
Is RNA transient in the cell?
What are the RNA subtypes?
mRNA rRNA tRNA
What does mRNA stand for?
What does rRNA stand for?
What does tRNA stand for?
What is the definition of tRNA?
Transferring amino acids in the protein making.
What is the binary fission of replication?
The mother copying DNA
What does replication need to start?
Origin of replication
Is replication bidirectional?
What process is semiconservative?
What is the definition of semiconservative?
The DNA you get out of the replication process has one new strand but conserved one strand.
Does replication need an RNA primer?
What does DNA polymerase do?
Lays down the complimentary translations, proofreads the strand, and gets rid of RNA primers
What growth does replication go by?
5 prime to 3 prime
How many RNA primers does the leading strand need in replication?
Which strand of replication can replicate continuously?
The leading strand
Which strand of replication does not replicate continuously?
The lagging strand