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Flashcards in DNA Deck (68)
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1

Transcription is

DNA to RNA

2

Translation is

RNA to protein

3

Codon is

A series of 3 bases and is coding for an amino acid

4

Each codon is

1 amino acid

5

DNA sugar is

Sugar (deoxyribose)- phosphate backbone

6

What are the DNA nitrogenous bases?

A T C G

7

What kind of strand is DNA?

Double stranded helix

8

DNA complementary strands are

Antiparallel

9

Is DNA supercoiled?

Yes

10

What kind of sugar does RNA have?

Sugar (ribose)- phosphate backbone

11

What nitrogenous bases does RNA have?

A U G C

12

Is RNA double stranded?

No. Single stranded

13

Is RNA transient in the cell?

Yes

14

What are the RNA subtypes?

mRNA rRNA tRNA

15

What does mRNA stand for?

Messenger RNA

16

What does rRNA stand for?

Ribosomal RNA

17

What does tRNA stand for?

Transfer RNA

18

What is the definition of tRNA?

Transferring amino acids in the protein making.

19

What is the binary fission of replication?

The mother copying DNA

20

What does replication need to start?

Origin of replication

21

Is replication bidirectional?

Yes

22

What process is semiconservative?

Replication

23

What is the definition of semiconservative?

The DNA you get out of the replication process has one new strand but conserved one strand.

24

Does replication need an RNA primer?

Yes

25

What does DNA polymerase do?

Lays down the complimentary translations, proofreads the strand, and gets rid of RNA primers

26

What growth does replication go by?

5 prime to 3 prime

27

How many RNA primers does the leading strand need in replication?

One

28

Which strand of replication can replicate continuously?

The leading strand

29

Which strand of replication does not replicate continuously?

The lagging strand

30

How many RNA primers does the lagging strand need?

Many