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Flashcards in Clinical characteristics Deck (21)
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1

What is Schizophrenia

A psychiatric disorder

2

what are the clinical characteristics of schizophrenia

severe disruptions in psychological functioning and a loss of contact with reality there

3

what are the two clusters of clinical characteristics?

there are positive and negative symptoms

4

what are positive symptoms?

Behaviours that the patients are experiencing but should not be (e.g Hallucinations)

5

what are negative symptoms?

Behaviours that the patients should be experiencing but are not (e.g. doing nothing)

6

what are hallucinations?

unreal perceptions of the environment that can be auditory (e.g. hearing voices) visual (e.g. seeing lights/objects/faces) or tactile (e.g. something crawling on or under skin)

7

Is hallucination a positive or negative symptom?

positive?

8

what are delusions?

Delusions are bizarre beliefs that seem real but are not

9

what is an example of an auditory hallucination?

e.g. hearing voices

10

what is an example of an visual hallucination?

e.g. seeing lights/objects/faces

11

what is an example of a tactile hallucination?

e.g. something crawling on or under skin

12

what are the three types of delusions ?

paranoid belief, an inflated belief and a 'reference' belief

13

What is a paranoid delusion?

fearful of persecution

14

What is reference belief?

Believing that the comments of others (e.g. on a TV broadcast) are meant for them alone

15

What is inflated belief?

Inaccurate perception of power (e.g. able to cause a power cut)

16

What are the three types of disordered thinking?

Feeling that their thoughts have been inserted, withdrawn or broadcast

17

what are some of the symptom of flattened effect?

Flat voice tone, no eye contact and inhibited body language

18

What is the definition of flatened effect

Reduction in the range of intensity of expressions

19

What is Avolition?

Reduction in the ability to initiate and persist in goal directed behaviour

20

Give one examples of Avolition?

sitting in the house all day and doing nothing

21

What is Avolition mistaken for?

Lack of interest ?