Clinical Epidemiology 1 - Intro Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Clinical Epidemiology 1 - Intro Deck (12)
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1

Health outcomes of a disease

Death,Disease, Discomfort, Disability, Dissatisfaction.

2

Science of making predictions about individual patients by counting clinical events in groups of patients and using strong scientific methods to ensure that predictions are accurate

Clinical Epidemiology

3

Study of disease occurence in human populations by counting health related events in people in relation to the naturally occuring groups of which they are members

Epidemiology

4

Bias when comparisons are made betwen groups of patients that differ in ways other than the main factors under study

Selection Bias

5

What type of bias: Patients receiving lap herniorrhaphy were healthier than those with open surgery?

Selection Bias

6

What type of bias: White coat hypertension

Measurement Bias

7

Bias when method of measurement leads to systematically incorrect results

Measurement Bias

8

Divergence of an observation on a sample from the true population value due to chance alone

Random Variation

9

TRUE OR FALSE: Bias can be prevented by conducting clinical investigations properly.

TRUE

10

TRUE OR FALSE: Chance cannot be eliminated but influence can be reduced by proper research design and remaining effect estimated by statistics.

TRUE

11

The degree to which the results of a study are correct for the sample of patients being studied.

Internal Validity

12

The degree to which results of an observation hold true in other settings

External Validity or Generalizability