Health outcomes of a disease
Death,Disease, Discomfort, Disability, Dissatisfaction.
Science of making predictions about individual patients by counting clinical events in groups of patients and using strong scientific methods to ensure that predictions are accurate
Study of disease occurence in human populations by counting health related events in people in relation to the naturally occuring groups of which they are members
Bias when comparisons are made betwen groups of patients that differ in ways other than the main factors under study
What type of bias: Patients receiving lap herniorrhaphy were healthier than those with open surgery?
What type of bias: White coat hypertension
Bias when method of measurement leads to systematically incorrect results
Divergence of an observation on a sample from the true population value due to chance alone
TRUE OR FALSE: Bias can be prevented by conducting clinical investigations properly.
TRUE OR FALSE: Chance cannot be eliminated but influence can be reduced by proper research design and remaining effect estimated by statistics.
The degree to which the results of a study are correct for the sample of patients being studied.
The degree to which results of an observation hold true in other settings
External Validity or Generalizability