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Flashcards in clinical presentations word association Deck (175)
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1

Abdominal pain, blue gum line and constipation

Lead poisoning

2

Abdominal pain and tenderness in the right iliac fossa

Appendicitis

3

Abdominal pain following an alcoholic binge

Pancreatitis

4

Abdominal pain in right iliac fossa and diarrhea

Crohn’s disease

5

Abdominal pain in left iliac fossa, blood in stool, young female

Ulcerative colitis

6

Abdominal pain in left iliac fossa, blood in stool, older male

Diverticulitis

7

Abdominal pain, splenomegaly in a black child

Sickle Cell Disease

8

Adrenal hemorrhage and shock

Waterhouse-Friderichsen syndrome

9

Amenorrhea, no lactation after postpartum hemorrhage

Sheehan’s syndrome

10

Arachnodactyl, lens dislocation, hypermobile joints

Marfan’s disease

11

Argyll-Robertson pupil, aortic aneurysm and angina pectoris

Tertiary syphilis

12

Ataxia, heart problems and scoliosis

Friedreich’s disease

13

Beef-red tongue and fatigue

Vitamin B12 deficiency

14

Bilateral hilar lymphadenopathy, erythema nodosum

Sarcoidosis

15

Bilateral ptosis, diplopia and difficulty in chewing in female

Myasthenic gravis

16

Bitot’s spots in the eye

Vitamin A deficiency

17

Bladder or bowel control problem

Cauda Equina syndrome

18

Bleeding swollen gums

Scurvy

19

Blue lips, swollen ankles and dyspnea

Chronic bronchitis

20

Blue sclera and frequent fractures in an infant

Osteogenesis imperfecta

21

Bone pain, head enlargement and deafness

Paget’s disease of bone

22

Bronze skin, cirrhosis and diabetes mellitus

Hemochromatosis

23

Buffalo hump, obesity and purplish abdominal striae

Cushing’s syndrome

24

Buboes in the groin, sign of the groove

Lymphogranuloma venereum

25

Bull’s eye rash

Lyme disease

26

Butterfly rash and multiple painful joints in a young female

Systemic Lupus Erythematosus

27

Café-au-lait spots and skin nodules

Neurofibromatosis

28

Calf pseudohypertrophy and a positive Gower’s sign

Duchenne’s muscular dystrophy

29

Cape-like distribution of loss of pain

Syringomyelia

30

Caput medusa

Cirrhosis with portal hypertension

31

Carditis, chorea, polyarthritis and subcutaneous nodules

Rheumatic fever

32

Casal’s necklace

Pellagra

33

Cat scratch, fever and local lymphadenitis

Cat Scratch Disease

34

Cauliflower-like lesions on the hands or genitals

Human Papilloma Viral infection

35

Cherry-red spot on the macula

Tay-Sachs disease

36

Cherry-red skin and headaches

Carbon Monoxide poisoning

37

Chest pain worse on lying down and better on sitting forward

Pericarditis

38

Chest pain worse with exertion, better with rest

Angina pectoris

39

Chest pain with sweating and feeling of apprehension

Myocardial infarction

40

Chills, fever, vomiting and costovertebral angle tenderness

Pyelonephritis

41

Chorea and dementia

Huntington’s disease

42

Chronic non-healing ulcer on ear or nose

Basal cell carcinoma

43

Cirrhosis and Kayser-Fleisher rings

Wilson’s disease

44

Clubbing and cyanosis in an infant with heart murmur

Fallot’s tetralogy

45

Cold intolerance and slow reflexes

Hypothyroidism

46

Condylomata accuminata

Human Papilloma virus infection

47

Condylomata lata

Secondary syphilis

48

Coryza, conjunctivitis and “C”oplick spots

Measles

49

Deep labored breathing with acetone smell on breath

Diabetic ketoacidosis

50

Dermatitis, diarrhea and dementia

Pellagra

51

Dry eyes, dry mouth and arthritis

Sjögren’s syndrome

52

Dysphagia, glossitis and iron deficiency anemia

Plummer-Vinson syndrome

53

Dyspepsia worse with eating food

Gastric type of peptic ulcer disease

54

Dyspepsia worse with eating food

Gastric type of peptic ulcer disease

55

Elastic skin with hypermobile joints

Ehlers-Danlos syndrome

56

Enlarged nerves and anesthetic hypopigmented rashes

Leprosy

57

Fair, fat, fertile female over 40 with abdominal pain

Cholecystitis

58

Fever, cough, chest pain in a parrot breeder

Bird fancier’s disease

59

Fever, headache and skin rash on wrists and feet

Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever

60

Fever, conjunctivitis, coryza and fine rash on trunk

Measles

61

Fever, neck stiffness and headache

Meningitis

62

Fever, night sweats, weight loss, cough or hemoptysis

Tuberculosis

63

Fever, maculopapulovesicular rash on trunk

Chickenpox

64

Foul floating feces, fatigue and weight loss

Celiac disease

65

Frequent urination with burning on micturition

Urinary Tract Infection

66

Frothy urine, recurrent infections with normal blood pressure

Nephrotic syndrome

67

Frothy malordorous vaginal discharge

Trichomonas vaginitis

68

Galactorrhea and amenorrhea

Prolactinoma

69

Gumma

Tertiary syphilis

70

Gottron’s papules and heliotrope eyelids

Dermatomyositis

71

Gout and self-mutilation in a child due to pain insensitivity

Lesch-Nyhan syndrome

72

Haygarth’s nodes

Rheumatoid arthritis

73

Heartburn worse on lying down after meals

Gastro-Esophageal Reflux Disease

74

Heat intolerance, fine tremors, weight loss or exophthalmos

Hyperthyroidism

75

Heberden’s and Bouchard’ s nodes

Osteoarthritis

76

Hematemesis following protracted vomiting and retching

Mallory-Weiss syndrome

77

Hemoptysis in a chronic cigarette smoking

Lung cancer

78

Hemoptysis and hematuria

Goodpasture syndrome

79

Honey-colored crusts on the face near the mouth and nose

Impetigo

80

Hyperpigmented oral cavity and intestinal polyps

Peutz-Jegher syndrome

81

Hyperpigmented skin creases, bronze skin and fatigue

Addison disease

82

Hypertension, hypokalemia and metabolic acidosis

Conn’s disease

83

Hypertension, exophthalmos and goiter

Graves disease

84

Indurated painless penile lesion

Primary syphilis

85

Infant with red hair and swollen abdomen

Kwashiorkor

86

Infant with microcephaly and rocker-bottom feet

Trisomy 18 [Edwards syndrome]

87

Infant with microcephaly and indistinct philtrum

Fetal Alcohol Syndrome

88

Infant with mongoloid eyes and mental retardation

Trisomy 21 [Down syndrome]

89

Irregularly irregular breathing

Biot’s respiration

90

Jaundice , chills and fever

Ascending cholangitis

91

Jaundice, ascites and firm non-tender hepatomegaly

Cirrhosis

92

Jaundice with tender hepatomegaly

Hepatitis

93

Large spatulate hands, protruding jaw

Acromegaly

94

Loss of the outer third of eyebrows and slow reflexes

Hypothyroidism

95

Low back pain, bamboo spine in young male adult

Ankylosing Spondylitis

96

Lower abdominal pain and 6-8 weeks of amenorrhea

Ectopic pregnancy

97

Koilonychia

Iron deficiency anemia

98

Koplik spots and fever followed by maculopapular rash

Measles

99

Male child with recurrent infection and no B cells

Bruton’s disease

100

Mental retardation, large scrotal tongue, umbilical hernia

Down syndrome

101

Middle-aged male smoker with intermittent claudication

Buerger’s disease

102

Midsystolic click and atypical chest pain

Mitral Valve Prolapse

103

Mole with irregular margins, change in color or size

Malignant melanoma

104

Mucoid urethral discharge in a sexually active male

Chlamydia urethritis

105

Muscle cramps with a positive Chvostek test

Hypoparathyroidism

106

Newborn with paralyzed arm after difficult vertex delivery

Erb-Duchenne palsy

107

Newborn with claw hand after difficult breech delivery

Klumpke’s palsy

108

Night blindness, dry eyes and dry skin

Vitamin A deficiency

109

Nocturnal back pain, recurrent infections and fatigue

Multiple Myeloma

110

Obesity, hirsutism and irregular periods

Polycystic Ovarian syndrome

111

Osler nodes , Janeway nodules or Roth spots

Subacute Bacterial Endocarditis

112

Painful, pale, cold fingers and toes

Raynaud’s syndrome

113

Painful fingers, wrists bilaterally with morning stiffness >1 hr

Rheumatoid arthritis

114

Painful limp in a young child

Legg-Calve-Perthes disease

115

Painful limp in overweight teenager

Slipped Capital Femoral Epiphysis

116

Painful, pulseless, pale perishingly cold limb

Arterial embolism

117

Painful yellow genital ulcer

Chancroid

118

Painless beef-red genital ulcer

Granuloma inguinale

119

Painless jaundice and weight loss

Cancer of the head of the pancreas

120

Pale mucous membranes and spoon-shaped nails

Iron deficiency anemia

121

Palpitations, sweating and pressure headaches

Pheochromocytoma

122

Pancreatic, pituitary and parathyroid tumors

Wermer’s syndrome [MEN1]

123

Pectus excavatum

Rickets

124

Pheochromocytoma, mucosal tumors and thyroid cancer

MEN 2b

125

Pink color, purse-lipped breathing and barrel chest

Emphysema

126

Polyuria, polydypsia but no polyphagia or glycosuria

Diabetes insipidus

127

Polyuria, polydypsia, polyphagia and glycosuria

Diabetes mellitus

128

Ptosis, anhydrosis and miosis on one side

Horner’s syndrome

129

Puffy eyelids, smoky urine and hypertension in a child

Glomerulonephritis

130

Purplish lesions on the arms, legs and oral cavity

Kaposi’s sarcoma

131

Purulent urethral discharge in a sexually active male

Gonorrhea

132

Rachitic rosary

Rickets

133

Rash in palms and soles, oral ulcers and fever in a child

Hand, Foot and Mouth disease

134

Radiofemoral delay

Coarctation of the aorta

135

Recurrent crops of painful vesicles on face

Herpes simplex Type 1

136

Recurrent crops of painful ulcers on the genitals

Herpes simplex Type 2

137

Recurrent episodes of wheezing in a child

Asthma

138

Recurrent peptic ulcers

Zollinger-Ellison syndrome

139

Red-currant jelly sputum with fever an cough

Klebsiella pneumonia

140

Regularly irregular breathing-increase with apneic spells

Cheyne-Stokes breathing

141

Resting tremors, mask-like facies and shuffling gait

Parkinson’s disease

142

Rose-colored spots on trunk, fever and diarrhea

Typhoid fever

143

Rust-colored sputum, cough, fever and pleuritic chest pain

Streptococcal pneumonia

144

Scanning speech, intention tremor and nystagmus

Multiple myeloma

145

Shortness of breath, fatigue and erythema nodosum

Sarcoidosis

146

Short stature, web neck and widely spaced nipples

Turner’s syndrome

147

Single transverse palmar crease and mental retardation

Down syndrome

148

Severe sore throat and swollen postauricular lymph nodes

Mononucleosis

149

Situs inversus, chronic sinusitis and bronchiectasis

Kartagener’s syndrome

150

Skin rash along a dermatome with prodrome of local pain

Herpes zoster

151

Splinter hemorrhages

Subacute Bacterial Endocarditis

152

Strawberry tongue, fever and rash

Scarlet fever

153

Sudden onset of dyspnea, hemoptysis and chest pain

Pulmonary embolism

154

Sudden onset of severe painful swollen big toe

Gout

155

Sudden tearing chest pain, sweating and feeling of doom

Dissecting Thoracic Aneurysm

156

Swollen ankles, shortness of breath and distended neck veins

Swollen ankles, shortness of breath and distended neck veins

157

Swollen bleeding gums and painful joints in a child

Scurvy

158

Tall, thin male with gynecomastia and small testes

Klinefelter’s syndrome

159

Thyroid, parathyroid and adrenal tumors

Sipple’s syndrome [MEN 2a]

160

Unilateral facial palsy with hyperacusis

Bell’s palsy

161

Unilateral facial palsy with vesicles in the ear

Ramsey Hunt syndrome

162

Unilateral facial palsy with deafness in the same side

Acoustic neuroma

163

Unilateral facial weakness with weakness in the arm and leg

Cerebrovascular accident

164

Unilateral ptosis, anhydrosis and miosis

Horner’s syndrome

165

Unilateral throbbing headache with aura

Classic migraine

166

Unilateral throbbing headache without aura

Common migraine

167

Unilateral swollen leg after long distance travel

Deep Vein Thrombosis

168

Urethritis, conjunctivitis and arthritis

Reiter’s syndrome

169

Vomiting blood in a jaundiced patient

Ruptured esdophageal varices

170

Web neck, widely spaced nipples, underdeveloped breasts

Turner’s syndrome

171

Weight loss and change in bowel habits

Carcinoma of the colon

172

Weight loss, diarrhea, fever and arthritis

Whipple’s disease

173

Weight loss, recurrent infections in young adult

HIV/AIDS

174

Wet, wacky and wonky [incontinence, dementia, ataxia]

Normal pressure hydrocephalus

175

Worst headache in my life

Ruptured berry aneurysm