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Flashcards in Pathology word associations Deck (117)
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1

Alpha-fetoprotein elevation in amniotic fluid

Spina bifida

2

Alpha-fetoprotein elevation in adult

Hepatocellular carcinoma

3

Amyloid deposits in the brain

Alzheimer’s disease

4

Antibodies to acetylcholine receptors in NMJ

Myasthenia gravis

5

Antibodies to Calcium influsx pumps in NMJ

Lambert Eaton syndrome

6

Anti-Glomerular basement membrane antibodies

Goodpasture disease

7

Anti-IgG antibodies

Rheumatoid Arthritis

8

Anti-Nuclear Antibodies

SLE

9

Apical cavitations

Tuberculosis

10

Antischkow cells

Rheumatic fever

11

Apical lung tumor

Pancoast tumor

12

Aschoff bodies

Rheumatic fever

13

Auer’s rods

Acute Myelogenous Leukemia

14

Basophilic stippling

Lead poisoning

15

BCR-abl oncogene

Chronic myelogenous leukemia

16

Bence Jones proteins

Multiple Myeloma

17

Berry aneurysms

Adult polycystic disease of the kidney

18

Bilateral adrenal heamorrhage

Waterhouse-Friderichsen syndrome

19

Bilateral hilar lymphadenopathy

Sarcoidosis

20

BRCA-1/2 tumor marker

Breast cancer

21

Brown cysts in bone

Hyperparathyroidism

22

Buffalo hump and truncal obesity

Cushing’s syndrome

23

CA-125

Ovarian cancer

24

Carcinoembryonic antigen

Colon cancer

25

Caseous granulomas

Tuberculosis

26

Cerebellar tonsillar herniation

Arnold-Chiari malformation

27

Charcot-Leyden crystals

Asthma

28

Chocolate cysts in the pelvis

Endometriosis

29

Clue cells

Bacterial vaginosis

30

Coagulative necrosis

Myocardial infarction

31

Cobblestone appearance of intestinal mucosa

Crohn’s disease

32

Codman’s triangle on x-ray

Osteosarcoma

33

Congenital aganglionosis of the colon

Hirschsprung’s disease

34

Curschmann’s spirals

Asthma

35

Dark urine and dark cartilage

Alkaptonuria

36

Downey cells

Mononucleosis

37

Dry eyes and dry mouth

Sjorgen syndrome

38

Dystrophin defect

Duchenne’s muscular dystrophy

39

Eburnation

Osteoarthritis

40

Fatty necrosis

Liver damage

41

Fibrillin defect

Marfan’s syndrome

42

Ghon’s focus and complex

Primary Tuberculosis

43

Guarneri bodies

Smallpox

44

Heterophil antibodies

Mononucleosis

45

Hirano’s bodies

Alzheimer’s disease

46

HLA-B8

Graves disease

47

HLA-B27

AS, Reiter’s syndrome, ulcerative colitis

48

HLA-DR3 or 4

DM type 1, RA and SLE

49

Hypercoagulabilty, venous stasis and vessel wall damage

Virchow’s triad

50

Hyperelasticty of skin and joint capulse

Ehlers-Danlos syndrome

51

Hyperpigmented skin with fatigue

Addison’s disease

52

Immotile cilia with sinusitis, bronchietasts and situs inversus

Kartagener’s syndrome

53

Kimmelstiel-Wilson nodules

Diabetic nephropathy

54

Langhan’s giant cells

Tuberculosis

55

Lewy bodies

Parkinson’s disease

56

Lines of Zahn

Thrombus

57

Liquefactive necrosis

Nerve damage

58

Liver and brain damage after aspirin ingestion

Reye syndrome

59

L-MYC oncogene

Colon cancer

60

L ooser’s zone

Osteomalacia

61

MacCallum’s patch in lefrt atrium

Rheumatic fever

62

Macrocytic normochromic anemia

Folic acid or Vitamin B12 deficiency

63

Malignant plasma cells

Multiple Myeloma

64

Microcytic hypochromic anemia

Iron deficiency anemia

65

Minimal change of the basement membrane

Nephrotic syndrome

66

Most common cancer in men

Prostate cancer

67

Most common cause of osteomyelitis

Staphylococcus aureus

68

Most common cancer in women

Breast cancer

69

Most common malignant bone tumor

Metastases

70

Most common benign brain tumor

Meningioma

71

Most common kidney tumor in children

Wilms tumor

72

Most common malignant brain tumor in adults

Glioblastoma multiforme

73

Most common malignant brain tumor in children

Neuroblastoma

74

Most common primary bone cancer in adults

Multiple Myeloma

75

Most common primary bone cancer in teens

Osteosarcoma

76

M spike on serum electrophoresis

Multiple Myeloma

77

Needle-shaped negatively birefringent crystals

Gout [uric acid crystals]

78

Negri bodies

Rabies

79

Neurofibrillary tangles

Alzheimer’s disease

80

N-MYC oncogene

Neuroblastoma

81

Non-caseous granulomas in the gut

Crohn’s disease

82

Non-caseous granulomas in the lung

Sarcoidosis

83

Nutmeg liver

Congestive Heart Failure

84

Onion-skin periosteal reaction on x-ray

Ewing’s sarcoma

85

Oral pigmentation and intestinal polyps

Peutz-Jegher syndrome

86

Osteophytes

Osteoarthritis

87

Owl-eye appearance

Cryptococcus neoformans

88

p16 oncogene

Malignant melanoma

89

Pannus formation

Rheumatoid Arthritis

90

Philadelphia chromosome

Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia

91

Post-coital bleeding

Carcinoma of the cervix

92

Post-menopausal bleeding

Endometrial cancer

93

Prostatic Specific Antigen

Prostatic carcinoma

94

Red and gray hepatization in lung

Pneumonia

95

Red blood cell casts in urine

Glomerulonephritis

96

Recurrent peptic ulcers

Zollinger-Ellison syndrome

97

Rib notching on chest x-ray

Coarctation of the aorta

98

Reed-Sternberg cells

Hodgkin’s lymphoma

99

Rheumatoid factor

RA, SLE

100

Rokitansky-Ashoff sinuses

Cholecystitis

101

Soap-bubble appearance on x-ray

Giant cell tumor

102

Spaghetti and meatballs appearance

Malassezia furfur

103

Splenomegaly and eyethema nodosum

Sarcoidosis

104

Starry sky appearance in lymph node

Burkitt’s lymphoma

105

Stunted small intestinal villi due to gluten sensitivity

Celiac disease

106

Thymic and parathyroid aplasia

DiGeorge syndrome

107

Thyroglobulin antibodies

Hashimoto’s disease

108

Vanilyl mandelic acid in the urine

Pheochromocytoma

109

Virchow’s triad-vessel damage, stasis, hypercoagulability

Deep vein thrombosis

110

Vomiting blood after protracted vomiting and retching

Mallory-Weiss syndrome

111

Wallerian degeneration

Nerve damage

112

White blood cell casts in urine

Pyelonephritis

113

XO chromosomal disease

Turner’s disease

114

XXY chromosomal disease

Klinefelter’s syndrome

115

Zenker’s degeneration

Skeletal muscle damage

116

Cerebellar tonsillar herniation

Arnold-Chiari malformation

117

Coagulative necrosis

Myocardial infarction