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Flashcards in Microbiology word associations Deck (114)
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1

All viruses are RNA except 6 HHAPPY ones which are

DNA

2

3 enveloped DNA viruses

HepaDNA, Herpes and Pox

3

2 naked DNA viruses Adeno and Papova

Parvo B17

4

All RNA viruses are single stranded EXCEPT

Rota virus of the REO virus family

5

All RNA single stranded viruses are + EXCEPT 6

PROFAB group

6

Paramyxo, Rhabo, Orthomyxo, Filo, Arena and Buynya

PROFAB group

7

All hepatitis viruses are RNA EXDCEPT

Hepatitis B [hepaDNA group]

8

All hepatitis viruses are spread by the orofecal route EXCEPT

Hepatitis B and C [sex and blood]

9

Single stranded retro virus

Human Immune Deficiency virus

10

All ARBO viruses are flavi viruses EXCEPT

California encephalitis [Bunya virus]

11

Parotitis, pancreatritis and painful orchitis

Paramyxo virus [Mumps]

12

Common cold with runny nose and sore throat

Corona virus

13

Hand, foot and mouth lesions

Coxsackie virus

14

Bacteria without cell walls

Rickettsiae, Chlamydia and Bartonella

15

Flexible bacteria

Borrleia, Leptospira and Treponema

16

Gram stain resistant

Mycobacteria

17

Infection in bird keepers

Chlamydia psittaci

18

Lung infection in wool sorters

Bacillus anthracis

19

Rheumatic fever and glomerulonephritis

Streptococcus pyogenes

20

Previously damaged heart valves

Streptococcus viridans

21

Infected previously healthy heart valves

Staphylococcus aureus

22

Causes lockjaw [trismus]

Clostridium tetani

23

Transmitted by contaminated honey and causing paralysis

Clostridium botulinum

24

Causes muscle necrosis with gas formation

Clostridium perfringens

25

Grey psuedomenbrane in the throat

Corynebacterium diphtheriae

26

Paroxysmal bouts of coughing with a whoop in a child

Bordetella pertussis

27

Fever from handling infected rabbit skin

Francisella tularensis

28

Lung infection from infected air conditioners

Legionella pneumophilia

29

Infected burns with blue green burns

Pseudomonas aeroginosa

30

Gram negative coccus which ferments glucose

Neisseria gonorrhea

31

Gram negative coccus which ferments maltose

Neisseria meningitidis

32

Causes severe diarrhea with rice water stool

Vibrio cholera

33

Obligate intracellular parasitic bacteria

Chlamydia

34

Causes peptic ulcer and some forms of stomach cancer

Helicobacteria pylori

35

Gram resistant bacteria with thick waxy wall

Mycobacterium tuberculosis

36

Commonest cause of urinary tract infections

Escherichia coli

37

Causes Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome

E. coli subtype O157 H7

38

Rose colored spots and step ladder fever

Salmonella typhi

39

Spread by bat doppings

Histoplasma capsulatum

40

Causes meningitis spread by pigeon poop

Cryptococcus neoformans

41

Causes pneumonia in an immune compromised patient

Pneumocystis jiroveci [carinii]

42

Fatal encephalitis in warm waters

Naegleria fowleri

43

Diarrhea more common in hikers

Gardia lamblia

44

Causes megaoesophagus and spread by sand fly bites

Trypanosoma cruzi

45

Sleeping sickness spread by tsetse fly bites

Trypanosoma gambiense

46

Frothy vaginal discharge caused by flagellate protozoan

Trichomonas vaginitis

47

Recurrent or chronic diarrhea in immune compromised

Crpptosporidium parvum

48

Most dealy form of malaria

Plasmodium falciparum

49

Intestinal parasite associated with iron deficiency

Necator americanus

50

Most common intestinal nematode in the USA

Enterobius vermicularis

51

Associated with rectal prolapse

Trichuris trichuria

52

River blindness spread by the simulium blackfly

Onchocerca volulus

53

Elephantiasis spread by Culex filariasis

Wuchereria bancrofti

54

Intestinal parasite associated with vitamin B12 deficiency

Diphyllobothrium latum

55

Bladder parasite causing blood in the urine

Schistosoma hematobium

56

Spread by eating undercooked contaminated beef

Taenia saginatum

57

Smallest tapeworm

Hymenolepis nana

58

Ames test

Mutagenic potential

59

Armadillo

Mycobacterium leprae

60

Ascoli test

Anthrax

61

ASOT

Recent streptococcal infection

62

Bordet-Gegnou medium

Bordetella pertussis

63

Catalase test

Staphylococcus [+] from streptococcus[-]

64

Chocolate agar

Neisseria and Hemophilus

65

Coagulase test

Staphylococcus aureus from other Staph.

66

Coombs test

Hemolytic anemia

67

Darkfield microscopy

Syphilis

68

Dick test

Scarlet fever

69

Eaton agar

Mycoplasma pneumoniae

70

ELISA

HIV and Lyme

71

FTA-Abs

Syphilis

72

Heaf skin test

Tuberculosis

73

Hektoen agar

Salmonella

74

Indian ink stain

Cryptococcus neoformans

75

Kviem skin test

Sarcoidosis

76

Lowenstein-Jensen culture medium

Mycobacterium tuberculosis

77

MacConkey agar

Promotes growth of Gram negative rods

78

Mantoux skin test

Tuberculosis

79

Middlebrook medium

Tuberculosis

80

Mitsuda test

Mycobacterium leprae

81

Paul Bunnel test

Mononucleosis

82

Regan-Lowe agar

Bordetella pertussis

83

Quellung reaction

Bacteria with capsules-Strep pneumoniae

84

Sabouraud medium

Fungal organisms

85

Schick test

Corynebacterium diphtheria

86

Schultz Carlton reaction

Scarlet fever

87

Telluritie agar

Corynebacterium diphtheria

88

Thayer-Martin medium

Neisseria organisms

89

Thiosulfate-Citrate-Bile salts-Sucrose

Vibrio cholera

90

Tine skin test

Tuberculosis

91

VDRL test

Syphilis

92

Weil-Felix test

Rickettsiae

93

W ood’s light

Fungal organisms

94

Wright-Giemsa stain

Parasites and syphilis

95

Ziehl-Neelsen stain

Mycobacterium tuberculosis

96

Test to exclude a disease if test is negative [SnOUT]

Sensitivity

97

Test to include a diagnosis if test is positive [SpIN]

Specificty

98

Sudden increase in the number with a disease locally

Epidemic

99

Normal occurrence of a disease in a particular locality

Endemic

100

Sudden increase in the number with a disease worldwide

Pandemic

101

Number of people with the disease at a given time

Prevalence

102

Number of new cases in the population at a given time

Incidence

103

Number of people who die from a particular disease

Mortality rate

104

Number of people who have a particular disease

Morbidity rate

105

Epidemiology or Disease Triangle

Host, Agent [microbe] and Environment

106

Antigenic shift [virus], spores [bacteria/fungus]cysts [protozoa]

Microbial adaptations

107

Disease that has newly appeared

Emergin disease

108

Previously known disease that has increased or spread

Re-emerging disease

109

Bacteria and fungi form spores and protozoa form cysts

Pathogen adapatations to environment

110

Viral adaptation to the environment and host

Antigenic shift

111

Exposure of milk to progressively higher temperatures

Pasteurization

112

Use of chemicals or heat to destroy all life

Sterilization

113

Use of chemicals to destroy most pathogens

Disinection

114

Use of aluminum to precipitate material from water

Flocculation