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Flashcards in Clinical Sciences Deck (17)
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1

Supply nerves tricep / bicep

C7 tricep, C6 Bicep

2

What shift the oxygen dissociation curve to the right?

carbon dioxide retention Increased 2,3 BG Lower pH Increased H+ ions in bloods Hyperthermia Basically anything that makes blood more acidic

3

25 year old blood volume

75ml/kg

4

Genotypes in alpha 1 anti-trypsin

M is normal gene so MM normal phenotype lung -> emphysema liver -> cirrhosis SERPINA1 gene Cigarette smoking accelerates damage A1AT normally functions to protect lung from neutrophil elastase MZ -> one z allele mosre likely to cause liver disease SZ -> compound heterozygote, more likely to develop both lung and liver complications II -> increased risk of liver disease ZZ -> increased risk of lung disease

5

Primary function of peroxisomes

Oxidation of branched chain fatty acids

6

Distal vs proximal median nerve injury

If sensation over thenar eminence is preserved, it's distal

7

Types of transplant rejection

Subclinical rejection: histological changes consistent with rejection but without a rise in serum creatinine

8

osmosis

from low conc to high conc through semipermeable membrane

9

Th2 cells produce which interleukin?

IL-4

10

Cytokines function

11

Antibody isotypes

12

Antibody structures

13

Chi squared test

comparing binary outcomes

14

Difference pearson and spearman correlation coefficient

Pearson: looks for an association

Spearman: looks for strength of association

15

Where does RNA splicing occur?

In the nucleus

16

Endoplasmic reticulum function

rough ER -> protein synthesis and studied with ribosomes. Golgi body sorts these proteins.

smooth ER -> no ribosomes, function in lipid and steroid synthesis

17

Which receptors allow entry of the HIV virus?