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Flashcards in Neurology Deck (27)
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1

Bell's palsy intermediate intervention and association

1mg/kg Prednisolone, associated with hyperacusis

2

Lateral medullary syndrome

One sided horner syndrome and nystagmus with opposite side sensory and motor deficit upper limbs

3

Anterior choroidal artery occlusion presentation

Contralateral weakness and sensory loss as well as as homonymous hemianopia

4

Superior cerebellar artery presentation

Unlike LMS, it present with vertigo rather than Horner syndrome

5

Somatisation vs conversion

Somatisation leads to mulitiple complaints across organ systems Conversion -> neurological complaints with loss of power or sensation

6

Proximal vs distal ant cerebral artery occlusion

Distal -> defects in aprietal lobe area Proximal -> unlikely much effect because of collateral blood supply

7

Niemann Pick disease MoA

Defect in lysosomes -> imapired lipid transport

8

What is Lhermitte's sign?

Electric shock like pain in lower limbs following neck flexion -> indicates cervical myleopathy related to disc prolapse.

9

WHere does the facial nerve branch?

Just after stylomastoid foramen where it branches into chorda tympani supplying taste sensation to anterior two thirds of tongue and the other branch supplying muscles of face

10

Becker's dystrophy underlying mechanism and presentation

Telomere shortening. Gradual worsening proximal muscle weakness, together with heart failure and rhythm abnormalities

11

Hydrocephalus in SAH presentation

Papilloedema and sixth nerve palsy on BG of stable neurological deficit

12

Difference conus medullaris vs cauda equina vs anterior spinal artery syndrome

Conus medullaris: lower limb weakness with increased tone and hyperreflexia + saddle anaesthesia Cauda equina: lower limb flaccid paralysis + saddle anaesthesia ASAS: like cauda equina but loss of pain and temperature sensation

13

How does amaurosis fugax present and site of lesion?

Transient occlusion of the opthalmic or retinal artery often due to embolism from atheroma from ipsilateral internal carotid artery External carotid artery does not supply retina

14

Functional areas of the brain

15

Functions of the different areas of the brain

16

Spinal Cord Lesions

17

Intervention fronto-temporal dementia

Paroxetine

18

Menieres

Dizziness, vertigo, tinnitus

19

Temporal lobe epilepsy presentation

Rising epigastric sensation

Automatisms

Altered consciousness

Vertigo

Deja vu / depersonalisation

20

perpiheral neuropathy drugs

Amitryptiline, duloxetine, gabapentin, pregabalin

21

NF type 1 vs type 2

22

Tuberous sclerosis 

23

Autoimmune polyglandular syndrome type 1

24

Number of CAG repeats needed in Huntington's

25

Difference syringobulbia and syringomyelia

26

what is meralgia paraesthetica?

27

What is mononeuritis multiplex