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Flashcards in CNS trauma Deck (17)
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0

The most common skull fracture is... and its severity is...

linear, not too bad.

1

A depressed fracture is a problem because...

its commutation can damage the brain

2

A diastatic fracture is a skull fracture that is...

across a suture

3

A fracture with a lot of force resulting in distant hematomas and CSF drainage is called a...

Basal fracture

4

The three grades of a concussion are...

1: No LOC, lasts 15 min
3: LOC

5

What is second impact syndrome?

A secondary concussion before the first one healed. Brain swells rapidly and can die very quickly

6

Chronic traumatic encephalopathy results from... and is similar in symptoms to...

Repetitive brain trauma, Alzheimer's disease

7

Chronic traumatic encephalopathy is characterized by accumulation of what in the brain?

Tau protein

8

What are coup and countercoup injuries?

Coup: contusion at point of impact
Countercoup: contusion on opposite side of impact

9

Diffuse axonal injury results from...

twisting/shearing of neurons

10

Diffuse axonal injury happens commonly to...

shaken baby syndrome kids, and boxers

11

A tear in the middle meningeal artery can result in a...

epidural hematoma

12

An epidural hematoma should be...

Dealt with IMMEDIATELY

13

The least severe brain hemorrhage is... and results from...

Subdural hematoma, shearing of bridging veins

14

A subarachnoid hematoma is most common at what sites?

branch points of circle of willis.

15

A subarachnoid hemorrhage is often described by the patient as...

"the worst headache I've ever had"

16

Berry aneurisms can be treated with

Putting a coil in the site of aneurism