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Flashcards in Codes and Regulations Deck (67):
1

THRESHOLD OF PAIN

140dB

2

NORMAL SOUND LEVELS

50-60 dB

2

OWNERSHIP: JOINT TENANTS

all owners hold all of the property; passes to survivor on death

3

DECIBEL

+10dB sounds 10x louder and is twice as much sound

3

OWNERSHIP: PARTNERSHIP

similar to joint; on death partnership may be dissolved or property may be distributed among survivors and/or estate

4

5 restrictions by zoning

use and intensity of use for a parcel of land
prevention of discordant nuisances
protection against undesirable business
protection against danger
protection of light, air, and open space

4

OWNERSHIP: CORPORATION

legal organization separate from its shareholders; shears pass to heirs but corporation remains and acts as a single individual

5

SPOT ZONING

change in zoning allowed for a specific parcel

5

OWNERSHIP: TRUSTEE

holds property in its own name on behalf of another person or group; must act in their best interests

6

VARIANCE

exception to an ordinance that benefits and individual or the user

6

OWNERSHIP: FEE SIMPLE/ FEE ABSOLUTE

absolute ownership; passes by sale or bequest

7

CONDITIONAL USE PERMIT

exception to an ordinance that benefits the public

7

OWNERSHIP: CONDOMINIUM

fee simple for a portion of a structure; pay fees for areas shared jointly; owner of structure can sell or pass to an heir

8

NON-CONFORMING USE

after changes in zoning, no longer complies; usually allowed to remain unless unsafe. if changed, it must be made to meet code

8

ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT STATEMENT

describe possible adverse effects and irreversible or irretrievable commitment of resources
required by National Environmental Policy Act of 1969

8

OWNERSHIP: LEASEHOLD

right to use property under terms of a lease; limited time

9

4 elements of the Environmental Impact Statement

resource inventory
description of project
environmental impact assessment
alternatives

9

OWNERSHIP: SALE AND LEASEBACK

owner recovers capital but retains use by selling development in return for lease of space

10

EIS: elements of resource inventory

topo, location, size, vegetation, use, soils, geology, groundwater, wildlife, climatology, air quality, noise, socioeconomics, demographics, transport, utilities, archaeology/history

10

METES AND BOUNDS

description of a parcel of land; starts at a base point and describes length and angle of each side

11

EIS: elements of project description

need/benefit, economic feasibility, planned facilities, waste generation, moise levels, meeting air and water quality standards, energy and water, transport and manpower requirements

11

CHECK

24mi square; 16 townships

12

EIS: elements of environmental impact assessment

compare proposal with resources, perform sustainable design assessment, identify direct and secondary impact of project during construction and operation, consider average and worst-case conditions

12

TOWNSHIP

6mi square; 36 sections

13

EIS: elements of 'alternatives'

other locations considered and why one was selected, process or methods, configurations, 'no action' assessment, unavoidable adverse environmental and socioeconomic impacts, listed in order of magnitude

13

SECTION

1mi square; 4 quarters

14

DEED RESTRICTION

clause that restricts future use of land by the buyer

14

QUARTER

1/4mi square; 4 quarter quarters

15

OWNERSHIP: COOPERATIVE

owner doesn't hold a specific piece of property but owns share in stock of corporation that owns land; shares can be bequeathed with permission

16

AFFIRMATIVE COVENANT

commitment by buyer to perform duties (maintenance of road or fence, etc) generally used in PUDs and condominiums

16

QUARTER QUARTER

1/8mi square; also sixteenth

17

CONDITIONAL COVENANT

covenant that, if violated, requires land be returned to original owner

17

PRINCIPAL MERIDIAN

N/S line dividing checks

18

10 sections common in building codes

construction documents
use group
height and area
construction type
siting
fire performance
interior environment and design
exterior envelope
structural performance
building service systems

18

BASE LINE OR PARALLEL

E/W line dividing checks

18

RANGE LINE

E/W line dividing townships

19

FIRE ZONE

fire risk rating based on population density, building height, street width, access and congestion, fire department equipment and competence

19

TOWNSHIP LINE

N/S line dividing townships

21

EASEMENT

right to utilize land without ownership or compensation

22

PARTY WALL AGREEMENT

each owner has an easement for the half of the wall on the other side of the property line (similar for shared driveways)

24

SLOPE: FLAT; ALL ACTIVITIES

less than 4%

25

SLOPE: MODERATE

4-10%

26

SLOPE: STEEP; UNSTABLE

10-50%

27

SLOPE: VERY STEEP, LIKELY TO ERODE

greater than 50%

28

SLOPE: STORM DRAIN

0.3% minimum

29

SLOPE: SANITARY SEWER

0.4-1.4%

30

SLOPE: STREET SURFACE DRAINAGE

0.5% minimum

31

SLOPE: PLANTINGS OR LARGE PAVERS

1% minimum

32

SLOPE: LAWN

25% maximum

33

SLOPE: PLANTED BANK

50% maximum

34

2 kinds of building codes

prescriptive: details construction techniques, methods and materials
performance: establishes functional requirements but leaves method to designer

35

SLOPE: PARKING AREA

5% maximum

36

SLOPE: AUTOMOBILE RAMP

8% maximum

37

SLOPE: SIDEWALK

10% maximum

39

RESTRICTIVE COVENANT

prescribes height, size or appearance, storage, pets
usually residential
harder to change than zoning

43

EMINENT DOMAIN

government right to take property; 5th amendment requires just compensation. must be used for government, public or economic development or an easement

57

SLOPE: STREETS AND DRIVEWAYS

10% maximum

58

CUMULATIVE ZONING

allows less intensive uses than what a parcel is actually zoned for

59

INCENTIVE ZONING

encourages private developers to provide public amenities by allowing taller or larger structures

60

size of parking stall
square footage/car

9'x18-20'
Accessible: 8' wide with 5' alley
290 sqft per car

61

parking to shopping area ratio

3-4,000 parking to 1,000 shopping

62

wheelchair ramps:
slope
width
length
landings

slope: 1:12-1:20
width: 3'
lenght: 30' max
landings: 5' at each end

63

RIPARIAN RIGHTS

allows property owner whose lot abuts a body of water to make use of hat resource

64

LITTORAL RIGHTS

apply to property owners along ocean shores and navigable lakes; allow owners to make use of he water resource

65

AIR RIGHTS

permit owner to use open space above land or existing structure; can be sold and transferred to another building

66

SUBSURFACE RIGHTS

pertain to oil, coal and minerals found beneath the surface of the land; can be sold

67

AREA OF REFUGE

location to hold occupants when evacuation is not safe or possible
stead supply of outside air
passive fire protection
electrical integrity/emergency lighting
2-way communication/call box to outside line manned 24 hours