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Flashcards in Famous People and Places Deck (42):
1

Christopher Wren

Master Plan for London after Great Fire in 1666
St. Paul's Cathedral
Baroque

2

Kevin Lynch

1950s and 60s
Urban Planner in New England
coined imageability and wayfinding
The Image of the City

3

Christopher Alexander

1970s
A Pattern Language

4

Camillo Sitte

1800s
European architect/planner
City Planning According to Artistic Principles
preferred irregular space - 3d, not 2d - quality of urban space more important than architectural forms
open spaces as enclosed rooms - agora and forum
integrate, don't isolate churches and monuments

5

Baron Haussmann

1850s
Napoleon II's civic planner to modernize Paris
designed wide, tree-lined boulevards
some zoning and code set up

6

Tony Garnier

1920s
French architect/planner
Cite Industrial: leisure, industry, work and transportation: response to Industrial Revolution
vocational schools near industries
no church, govt, or police
large open spaces

7

Pierre Charles L'Enfant

1790/1800s
Washington D.C. master plan in baroque style
radial avenues from great sights
plan eventually given to Andrew Ellicott instead but 1901 redesign used L'Enfant's

8

Daniel Burnham

1890s/1900s
Architect/Urban planner
Chicago school and skyscraper
World's Columbian Exposition
Masonic Temple, Flatiron, D.C. Union Station
Monadnock, Reilance and Rookery
prepared Chicago plan - anyone can walk to a park
helped with McMillan plan

9

William LeBaron Jenney

1890s
architect in Chicago
Father of the American Skyscraper
Home Insurance Building - first fully metal framed/first skyscraper at 8 stories
fireproof construction

10

Lewis Mumford

1950s-80s
historian in NYC
language and symbols over tools
critic of urban sprawl and social effects - proponent of medieval city design

11

Frederick Law Olmstead

1890s
journalist/LA in NYC
Central and Prospect Parks
Father of Landscape Architecture

12

Patrick Geddes

1890s
planner/biologist in France
concept of region in architecture
form and society tied together
preserve life and energy instead of superficial beauty

13

Le Corbusier

1910s-50s
architect in France
Modern Architecture - distanced himself from the past
function without ornamentation
developed The Modulor - golden section, Fibonacci, double unit

14

Louis Sullivan

1890s-1900s
Architect in Chicago
Father of the Modern Skyscrape
rinspired FLW and the Prairie School
steel frames, terra cotta, emphasis on verticality
exterior to reflect interior, orientation based on nature

15

FLW

1900s
Architect in Chicago
Prairie School - harmony with nature

16

Walter Gropius

1910s-1950s
Architect in Germany and Boston
Bauhaus School, modern, and International Style
gesamtkunstwerk or total work of art

17

Ludwig Hilbersimer

1920s-50s
Architect and urban planner in Germany and Chicago
Bauhaus teacher
wrote City Plan with emphasis on street hierarchy
concept of new town center
sustainable= habitation built to secure against disaster and crises

18

Jane Jacobs

1950s and 60s
The Death and Life of Great American Cities
dense mixed use
coined 'eyes on the street'

19

Ebenezer Howard

1910s
London writer
Garden City Movement: live in harmony with nature
small suburban towns, financially independent with ag. belt
connected by ring of rail transit connected to major city

20

Clarence Perry

1920s-30s
planner/writer in NYC
proponent of community and rec center
The Neighborhood Theory

21

Buckminster Fuller

1950s
Architect engineer inventor in LA
geodesic dome

22

Ludwig Mies van der Rohe

1920s-50s
architect in Germany and Chicago
pioneer of modern architecture
less is more
God is in the details
Rationality

23

Charles McKim

1890s
architect in Germany and Boston
McKim, Mead and White - brought beaux arts architecture to America
Boston Public Library, Penn Station, New York Herald Building

24

Phillip Johnson

1940s-2000
New England
modern, simple
Glass House and Seagram Building

26

World's Columbian Exposition

Daniel Burnham and Frederick Law Olmstead
ideal city
Beaux Arts and French neoclassical - symmetry, balance, and splendor

27

ARCHITECTURAL STYLE: ROMANESQUE

900s-1100s
medieval Europe
round arches, arcades
symbolism

28

ARCHITECTURAL STYLE: GOTHIC

1100s-1300s
Europe
pointed arch, buttress, ribs
thinner, airier construction

29

ARCHITECTURAL STYLE: GEORGIAN

1760s-90s
Colonial America
5 bays, 2 stories, 12 over 12 windows
symmetry, gambrel roof, lots of detailing

30

ARCHITECTURAL STYLE: FEDERAL/ADAMESQUE

1790s-1820s
America
pompeii
delicate and ornamental; circularwindow in pediment, pilaster arcade
12 over 12 windows, transoms

31

ARCHITECTURAL STYLE:GREEK REVIVAL

1840s-1860s
America
chunky temple
6 over 6 windows
squared lintel
2 columns and 2 pilasters on facade

32

ARCHITECTURAL STYLE:GOTHIC REVIVAL

1850s-1860s
England (not America)
revival in response to neoclassical/ beaux arts
steep roof, pointed arch, irregular L plan

33

ARCHITECTURAL STYLE: ITALIANATE

1865-1880
Northern Europe, America
16th c. Italy
tall, irregular or symmetrical
2 over 2 long windows
quoining, squared

34

ARCHITECTURAL STYLE:SECOND EMPIRE

1870s-1880s
America
Italianate with mansard roofs

35

ARCHITECTURAL STYLE: SHINGLE STYLE

1880s
England and America
mimics shapes of stone
volume instead of elements
curved gambrel

36

ARCHITECTURAL STYLE: RICHARDSONIAN ROMANESQUE

1880s
America
wild colors, scalloped shingles, gable screens, turrets, irregular roof, starburst, finials
decorative

37

ARCHITECTURAL STYLE: AMERICAN 4 SQUARE

1890s-1930s
America
type that fits any style
cube with 2 windows over 1 door 1 window

38

ARCHITECTURAL STYLE: COLONIAL REVIVAL

1890s-1930s
America
excessive, out-of-scale details
classical columns
8 over 8

39

ARCHITECTURAL STYLE: PRAIRIE SCHOOL

1890s-1920s
America
horizontal
stucco, broad eaves, private

40

ARCHITECTURAL STYLE: BUNGALOW / CRAFTSMAN

1913-1920
America
japanese influence
square battered columns, exposed rafter tails, wide eaves

41

ARCHITECTURAL STYLE: ART DECO

1920s
Western Europe
stripped-down gothic
vertical, ornamental mechanics

42

Oscar Newman

1970s
city planner in America
book Defensible Space (and Design Guidelines for Creating Defensible Space)

43

ARCHITECTURAL STYLE: INTERNATIONAL STYLE

1920s
Western Style
industrialization of crafts
Bauhaus