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Flashcards in Cognitive Development in Infancy Deck (14)
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1

Piaget's Theory of Cognitive Development

children actively construct their own world, building mental structures to adapt to it (schemes)

2

scheme

actions or mental representations that organize knowledge

3

assimiation

when children use existing schemes to deal with new information

4

accommodation

children's adjustment of existing schemes in the face of new information

5

equilibration

mechanism Piaget propose for how children shift from one cognitive stage to the next

6

Piaget's sensorimotor stage

infant organizes and coordination sensations with physical movement

7

sensorimotor substages

simple reflexes; first habits & primary circular reactions; coordination of secondary circular reactions; tertiary circular reactions; novelty & curiosity; internalization of schemes

8

core knowledge approach

Spelke - infants are born with domain-specific innate knowledge systems
Criticism: not enough attention given to infant's early experiences

9

infantile or childhood amnesia

not being able to remember first 3 years of life

10

imitation (Meltzoff)

infants are able to match their behavior to a model (deferred imitation as early as 9 mos)

11

conceptual categories (Mandler)

infants don't form conceptual categories until 7--9 mos. Over first 2 yrs of life, categories become gradually more differentiated

12

Gesell's scale

used by pediatricians to distinguish normal & abnormal behavior; provides developmental quotient (DQ)
4 categories of behavior: motor, language, adaptive, personal-social

13

Bayley-III scale

widely used to assess infant development; five scales: cognitive, language, motor, socioemotional and adaptive

14

Fagan Test of Infant Intelligence

how effectively infants process information