Socioemotional Development in Infancy Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Socioemotional Development in Infancy Deck (20)
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1

biological foundation of emotions

evolution endowed humans to be emotional, but embeddedness in culture and relationships provide diversity in emotional experiences

2

types of emotions (Lewis)

primary (happiness, anger, fear, joy) and self-conscious (pride, doubt, jealousy)

3

types of babies cries

3 - basic, anger and pain

4

two fears infants develop in first year

stranger anxiety and separation anxiety

5

temperament

involves behavioral styles, emotions and characteristic ways of responding

6

Chess & Thomas

classified infants as easy, difficult, or slow to warm up

7

Kagan proposed that inhibition...

to the unfamiliar is an important temperament category

8

Rothbart & Bates temperament classification

extraversion/surgency, negative affectivity, effortful control (self-regulation)

9

physiology & termperament

children inherit a physiology that biases them to a specific type of temperament, but through experience they can learn to modify it

10

goodness of fit

the match between a child's temperament and the environmental demands the child must cope with

11

general recommendations for caregivers

be sensitive to individual characteristics of the child; be flexible in responding to those characteristics; avoid negatively labeling the child

12

Erikson's first stage (first year of life)

trust vs. mistrust

13

Erikson's second stage (2nd year of life)

autonomy vs. shame and doubt

14

attachment

close emotional bond between two people; Bowlby said infants and mothers are predisposed to form attachment

15

three types insecure attachment

avoidant, resistant and disorganized

16

Ainsworth - Strange Situation

observational method of attachment; secure attachment in 1st year of life provides important foundation for psychological development later in life

17

caregivers of avoidant babies

caregivers are unavailable or rejecting

18

caregivers of resistant babies

caregivers are inconsistently available and usually not very affectionate

19

caregivers of disorganized babies

caregivers often neglect or physically abuse their babies

20

Belsky's model

describes direct and indirect effects of marital relations, parenting and infant behavior