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Flashcards in Cognitive disorders Deck (15):
1

What is the definition of delirium?

Waxing and waning change in a patients
Consciousness, sun downing (daytime drowsiness)

2

What are the causes of delirium?

Alcohol
Electrolyte abnormality
Intoxication
Oxygen hypoxia
Uremia

Trauma
Infection
Poisons
Seizures

3

What medications should be absolutely avoided in individuals with delirium?

Benzos

4

What are the DSM criteria for dementia?

Memory impairment
Cognitive disturbances (agnostic, apraxia, aphasia)

5

What is the normal work up for reversible causes of dementia?

CBC, electrolytes, TFTs, VDRL, B12 and folate

6

What score on the MMSE is considered dysfunctional?

Less than 25

7

What are the major susceptibility genes for alz?

Apoe4

8

What condition places individuals at greater risk for Alzheimer's?

Down's syndrome

9

What medications are used to help manage Alzheimer's?

Cholinesterase inhibitors (aricept, rivastigmine), NMDa antagonists

10

What is the epidemiology of Alzheimer's?

Women much more affected

11

What are the symptoms associated with levy body dementia?

Waxing and waning. Hallucinations, sensitivity to neuroleptics

12

What are the symptoms associated with Pick disease?

Personality changes, echolalia, poor insight

13

What are the symptoms associated with HAD?

Decline in cognition, depression, apathy, social withdrawal

14

How does Parkinson's dementia respond to antipsychotic medications?

Exacerbated

15

What are the symptoms associated wig CJD?

Myoclonus, stupor/coma/death, ataxia, cortical blindness