Cognitive Interview [IMPROVING EWT] Flashcards Preview

PSYCH [memory] > Cognitive Interview [IMPROVING EWT] > Flashcards

Flashcards in Cognitive Interview [IMPROVING EWT] Deck (11):
1

Why was the cognitive interview brought into practice?

To improve eye-witness testimonies & improve the legal system

2

What are the 4 stages of the cognitive interview?

REPORT EVERYTHING
CONTEXT REINSTATEMENT
REVERSE THE ORDER
CHANGE THE PERSPECTIVE

3

What significance does 'report everything' have in the cognitive interview?

It allows the witness to recall everything they can with no constraints
= sometimes trivial details might trigger other memories

4

What significance does 'context reinstatement' have in the cognitive interview?

It allows witnesses to mentally return to the crime scene and imagine the environment
= reduces effect of context-dependent forgetting

5

What significance does 'reverse the order' have in the cognitive interview?

Allows the witness to recall the events in a different chronological order
= prevents reporting of expectations and stops dishonesty

6

What significance does 'change the perspective' have in the cognitive interview?

Allows the witness to recall the event from another person's perspective
= disrupts effect of schema

7

What is the enhanced cognitive interview?

An improved version of the cognitive interview which also focuses on the social aspect - the interviewer must aim to reduce anxiety, work on eye contact, and focus on asking open-ended questions

8

What are 2 problems with the cognitive interview?

- It's time consuming, therefore most police stations may not have time to carry them out, and not as much info is collected
- It requires special training, so it's costly and unlikely that it's being carried out properly each time

9

What evidence is there to support the cognitive interview?

KOHNKEN carried out a meta-analysis with 50+ studies, and found that the enhanced cognitive interview consistently produced better results than the standard police interview
= not a waste of time/money

10

What did Milne & Bull find about the cognitive interview?

Each individual element is equally valuable BUT a combination of 'report everything' and 'context reinstatement' is most effective

11

How does Milne & Bull's findings affect the use of cognitive interview?

If the full CI cannot be used, 'report everything' and 'context reinstatement' can be used and produce an improved EWT