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Flashcards in Multi-store memory model Deck (19):
1

Who came up with the multi-store model?

Atkinson and Shiffrin

2

What are the 3 main processes in the MSM?

SENSORY MEMORY
STM
LTM

3

What are the 2 main stores in the sensory memory?

Iconic and echoic memory

4

What is the capacity/duration of the sensory memory?

High capacity, small duration

5

What happens if attention is not paid to sensory information?

It isn't encoded and decays after a fraction of a second

6

What happens if attention is paid to sensory information?

It moves into STM

7

What is the capacity of STM?

7+/-2 items

8

What is the duration of STM?

18-30 secs

9

How is information kept fresh in STM?

Through maintenance rehearsal

10

What happens if information is not rehearsed in STM?

It is displaced or decays

11

What happens if info is continuously rehearsed in STM?

It moves into LTM

12

What is the capacity of LTM?

Unlimited

13

What is the duration of LTM?

Up to a lifetime

14

Can info be lost in LTM?

Yes - by retrieval failure

15

What happens if info from LTM is needed?

It is retrieved back into STM

16

What support is there for STM and LTM being qualitatively different?

BADDELEY'S coding research = different encoding processes

17

How does research into coding, capacity and duration help support this model?

They all show how STM and LTM are independent, as they work very differently

18

What clinical evidence is there to challenge this?

KF - brain damage patient struggled to process verbal info but not visual info
= STM is non-unitary

19

How has the MSM's rehearsal process been challenged?

CRAIK & WATKINI found that there are different types of rehearsal - elaborative rehearsal is needed for info to pass into LTM, not the amount like stated in MSM