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Flashcards in Cold War Deck (26)
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1
Q

GI Bill

A

proved support for 15 million troops, half seized opportunity to continue education at government expense, 2 million attended college, sparked postwar boom in higher education, $16 billion in low-interest, government-backed loans to buy houses

2
Q

Employment Act

A

1946

-made it gov policy to “promote max employment, production, and purchasing power”

3
Q

Taft-Hartley Act

A

(1947)
-outlawed the “closed” shop, made unions liable for damages that resulted from jurisdictional disputes among themselves, and required union leaders to take a non-Communist oath

4
Q

Post WWII strikes

A

workers wanted wages to keep up with prices (inflation) ,

Used troops to keep mines and RR operating

5
Q

Dixiecrats

A

fought for old Southern way of life (states’ rights), attempted to gain higher standing within Democratic party;

against Truman even though he was a Democrat

6
Q

Fair Deal

A

very modern day democrat like

 Truman's ambitious reform program, 
 national health care insurance, f
ederal education aid, 
civil rights legislation, 
fund for public housing, 
new farm program, 

Republicans blocked everything except increase in minimum wage and more workers under Social Security

7
Q

George F Kennan

A

expert on Soviet Affairs, wrote that a “long-term containment” of Russia’s tendencies would eventually cause Soviets to back off their ideology

8
Q

Truman Doctrine

A
  • Truman wanted to prevent the spread of communism and keep it “contained”
  • 1st implementation of Truman Doctrine was $400 million given to aid Greece and Turkey to prevent a communist takeover
9
Q

Marshall Plan

A

to justify spending for Truman Doctrine

To all economies that the US deemed necessary

Prevent Communism

10
Q

Dynamic conservatism

A

Eisenhower’s philosophy of being liberal in all things human and being conservative with all things economical.
Appealed to both Republicans and Democrats.

11
Q

Warsaw Pact

A

Soviet counter to NATO in 1955, military alliance for the defense of Communist states of Eastern Europe

12
Q

Dennis vs. US

Smith Act

A

1940 made it illegal to advocate or teach the overthrow of the government by force or to belong to an organization with this objective

13
Q

Good Neighbor Policy

A

withdrawal of American troops from foreign nations (especially Latin America) to improve international relations and unite western hemisphere; Clark Memorandum (rebukes the “big stick”); peaceful resolution of Mexican oil fields

14
Q

Point Four Program

A

Lower scale Marshall plan

15
Q

Eisenhower Doctrine

A

policy of the US that it would defend the middle east against attack by any communist country

16
Q

Eisenhower farewell speech

A

warned of dangerous military-industrial complex (newly-found power of the military to affect the path of democracy)

17
Q

Civil Rights Act of 1957/1960

A

commission on civil rights to attempt to guarantee the ballot to blacks; showed government’s changing views of race relations

18
Q

Suez Crisis

A

Nasser (leader of Egypt) nationalized the Suez Canal, Oct. 29, British, French and Israeli forces attacked Egypt. UN forced British to withdraw; made it clear Britain was no longer a world power

19
Q

Bay of Pigs

A

In April 1961, a group of Cuban exiles organized and supported by the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency landed on the southern coast of Cuba in an effort to overthrow Fidel Castro. When the invasion ended in disaster, President Kennedy took full responsibility for the failure.

20
Q

White Flight

A

migration of whites from cities to suburbs

21
Q

War on Poverty

A

Johnson’s program in the 1960’s

didn’t work: Vietnam too expensive

22
Q

Silent Spring

A

book about chemicals getting into the food

deform

23
Q

Vietnamization

A

Nixons strategy for ending U.S involvement in vietnam war, withdrawl of American troops and replacing them with South Vietnamese forces.

24
Q

Moral Majority

A

political group made up of fundamentalist Christians.

against abortion

25
Q

explosive educational issue of 1970s

A

secure racial integration

26
Q

SALT I

A

Treaty. 1972
U.S. and USSR

limited the number of missiles in each nation
Lead to slowing down arms race