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Flashcards in Cold War Deck (39):
1

How was Cold War political?

Communism vs Democracy

2

How was Cold War military?

Nuclear Arms Race

3

How was Cold War economics?

Communism vs Capitalism

4

How was Cold War cultural?

Freedom vs "Police State"

5

Ho was Cold War education?

Space Race

6

What was the Cold War?

A battle between two different sets of beliefs or ideologies

7

Who were the key leaders of the Cold War?

Harry S. Truman
Stalin

8

What country was Truman?

USA

9

What country was Stalin?

Russia

10

What countries were a part of The Communist World?

USSR
East Germany
Czechoslovakia
Hungary
Poland

11

What countries were a part of The Free World?

USA
Canada
France
West Germany
Italy
Great Britain (UK)

12

What was the goal of containment?

to "contain" or hold back the soviets and let communism collapse on its own

13

What was the Cold War seen as?

A global war to win world domination and to outlast the enemy

14

What were means of containment?

Collective Security - NATO vs Warsaw
Economic Programs - Marshall Plan
Political Will - Truman Doctrine
Espionage and Covert - CIA vs KGB
Proxy Wars
Nuclear Deterrent - Nuclear Arms Race

15

What did the Truman Doctrine promote?

military and political aid to any nation willing to resist communism

16

How much money did the USA give Turkey and Greece?

$400 dollars

17

What was the Marshall Plan?

Economic aid program to rebuild Western Europe

18

What is a missile gap?

When a country is nervous about having less nuclear weapons

19

What is a hydrogen bomb?

Even more powerful than a nuclear bomb (10000x)

20

What is an ICBM?

Intercontinental Ballistic Missile. It is a warhead tipped missile

21

What is a neutron bomb?

Killed only with radiation leaving buildings intact

22

What is MAD?

Mutually Assured Destruction.

23

What was the Nuclear Triad?

Land based missiles, bombs from aircrafts, and submarine launched missiles

24

What is fallout?

Nuclear radiation

25

What is a mushroom cloud?

After-effects of an atomic bomb

26

What is a silo?

Where the missiles are stored underground

27

What is a bomb shelter?

Backyard shelters for families that would have protected nobody

28

How does World War II end?

Truman drops bombs on Japan

29

What two superpowers dominated after WWII?

USA and Russia (USSR)

30

Where was the United Nations (UN) created?

New York City (NYC)

31

What two regions were separated during the start of the Cold War?

The East and West

32

How did Churchill start the Iron Curtain speech?

He condemned the United States and the pinnacle of the world

33

What year did the USSR detonate their first bomb?

1949

34

Where did the Chinese nationalists flee to after the Chinese civil war?

Taiwan (Republic of China)

35

What was Mao Zedong?

A communist

36

Who was Chiang Kai-shek?

A nationalist

37

Who was supported by the USSR?

Mao Zedong

38

Who was supported by the USA?

Chiang Kai-shek

39

Why did Truman fire Mac?

He wanted to launch Nukes at the Chinese