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Flashcards in Government 1 Deck (42):
1

Define Power

The ability to influence or control attitudes or behaviors

2

Who is John Locke?

Philosopher who believed in limited government and influenced founding fathers of the United States

3

Federalism

Type of government where power is divided between central, state, and local governments

4

Magna Carta

Document Signed in 1215 by the king of England that was the first step twords a democracy

5

Civil Liberty

individual rights protected by law from unjust governmental

6

1st amendment

freedom of speech, press, religion, assembly and petition

7

2nd amendment

right to bear arms

8

4th amendment

Protection against illegal search

9

Required for police to search someplace

Search warrant

10

Double Jeopardy

Charged for same crime

11

Components of 5th amendment

Double Jeopardy
Self-Incrimination (Miranda rights)
Right to due process

12

6th amendment components

Right to a lawyer
Right to a speedy and fair trial
Cross-examination

13

8th amendment

Protection against cruel and unusual punishment; fair bail

14

Ideology

belief and attitude about something

15

Liberal Ideology

Liberal

16

Republican ideology

Conservative

17

Democratic Side

Left (LLiberal LLeft)

18

Republican Side

Right (RRepublican RRight)

19

Democratic Change

YES

20

Republican Change

NO

21

Where are laws made in England (like US is Congress)

House of Parliament

22

Legislative job

Create Laws

23

Judicial Job

Interpret Laws

24

Executive job

Carry Out Laws

25

The Constitution is referred to the "_________ in the land" of america

highest

26

All 3 levels of government at executive level

Presidential > Governor > Mayor

27

Important government concept learned from Great Britain

Limited Government
Representative Government
Individual Rights

28

World's oldest democracy

Great Britain

29

Precedent

guideline for the future

30

Ratify

approve

31

Creators of constitution name

Framers

32

Constitution featured writing from

James Madison

33

Strict Interpretation

Conservative

34

Loose Interpretation

Liberal

35

Supremacy clause of constitution

Supreme rule over the states

36

Four Executive powers of the federal government

Post Office, Coining, War, Foreign Relations

37

Liberty definition

political freedom

38

Radical Definition

Democrat that wants a lot of change

39

Reactionary definition

Does not want any change

40

Moderate definition

people who believe in issues from both panties

41

Presidents of Mount Rushmore L to R

George Washington
Thomas Jefferson
Theodore Roosevelt
Abraham Lincoln

42

Governmental rule by a small group of people

oligarchy