Flashcards in Vietnam War and Protests Deck (87):
Who did France control since the late 19th century before China dominated the land?
What does Indochina refer to?
Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia
Who was the Nationalist leader of Vietnam?
Ho Chi Minh
What was the group of fighters Ho Chi Minh created to resist the French?
What year did Eisenhower enter office?
Why did Eisenhower choose to support South Vietnam?
Who controlled North Vietnam?
Ho Chi Minh
Who controlled South Vietnam?
Ngo Dinh Diem
What is Ho Chi Minhs new forces called?
What did the Buddihst munk do to himself?
How many military advisors did Kennedy increase to?
What is a violent overthrow of a government called?
Why was Diem and his borther murdered?
The Coup d'etat
Two U.S. warships were attacked by North Vietnamese ships which
Tonkin Gulf Incident
This authorized the president to "take all necessary measures to repel any armed attack against the forces of the United States and prevent further aggression"
Gulf of Tonkin Resolutiuon
When did the 1st US ground troops arive?
Gurella group created by Ho Chi Minh to take over South Vietnam after division
What type of war was the Vietnam war considered?
Progress of the war was made with
In 1965, US sustained bombings of North Vietnam known as?
Operation Rolling Thunder
A small explosive gasoline substance. Filled in bombs which caused an intense explosion
Carpet bombing - napalm
How did the Vietcong receive supplies?
The Ho Chi Minh trail
Where did the Ho CHi Minh trail run from?
North Vietnam through Lao and Cambodia to South Vietnam
Role of the TV/Media on the outcome of the war was
Helped turn public opinion against the war
Vietnam War was known as the first "______ ____" war
What made it trough to identify who the enemy was?
It could be anybody, and old man, woman, child, or no uniform
What was the Tet Offensive?
Where the N. Vietnamese Army and the Vietcong attacked the south at the same time
Was the Tet Offensives a surprise attack?
What was attacked in the Tet Offensive?
100 cities, bases, and the US embassy in Saigon
How long did the Fighting after the Tet offensive last?
Almost a month
How did the Ho Chi Minh trial create a problem for the US war effort?
The US had to expand the fighting outside of Vietnam to attack the supply route
Who has the military victory for the Tet Offensive?
Why is it seen as a strategic, psychological, political victory for the Vietcong by the media?
The US had said THE VIETCONG WAS CLOSE TO DEFEAT BUT THEE LARGE ATTACK WOULD SHOW THE Vietcong was strong and the US would never outlast them and win the war
What was the US reaction to the Tet Offensive?
Disbelief, Anger, and Distrust of the Johnson admionistration
What did the Anti-war protesters yell at the president?
Hey, Hey, LBJ! How many kids did you kill today?
What did Johnsons popularity drop from and to?
48% to 36%
What is a credibility gap?
TV images shove s a tough war that didn't seem to be going well. Many Americans stopped believing what the government was saying
Who led the Mai Lai Massacre?
Lt. William Calley, Platoon Leader
What was the My Lai Massacre?
Slaughter of 200-500 unarmed villagers
Countires that controlled Vietnam throughout the ages
Agreement which divided Vietnam in 1954 at the 17th parallel
Area that divided North and South Vietnam
Capital of South Vietnam
Capital of North Vietnam
Vietnam war was similar to what war in American history?
What New York times released and sued government over
Nixon's policy that trned fighting of the war over to the south Vietnamese army rather than American soilders.
The "Exit Strategy" for the withdraw of US forces from Vietnam
Caused cancer to American soldiers and destroyed trees
1969 Rock Festival - ultimate point in the counterculture of the Hippie age
Street Corner intersection that was a popular hippie destionation
Leader of the Students for a Democratic Society
Proposed amendment to end discrimination against women which failed to be added to the constitution
Women's typical role in the decade before the Women's Movement began
Wrote the Feminine Mystique, which launched modern day women movements
Group dedicated to promotion of Women's movement through the leadership of Gloria Steinem and Ms.
Supreme court case that ruled States could not regulate a woman's rights to have an abortion
Row vs. Wade
Chemical which polluted rivers and streams and motivated Americans be concerned about environmental things when birds started dying
Name of book which promoted the Environmental Movemewnt
Woman who is credited with creating the Enviromental Movement
America's most famous Consumer advocate of the 1960's and author of "Unsafe at any speed"
Law reuqiring universites to offer an equal amount of men's and women's sports teams
The decade that many viewed as a backwards step for the Women's movement after the progress Women had made in WWII
Leader of the protest concerning 1st amendment rights
President that escalated the war but placed limits on the war because he was fearful of involving the Soviet Union and China
What movement questioned conformity and was the original counterculture?
Beat movement/ Beatnik writers
What was the 1st new left movement?
Students for a Democratic Society
Student potestor leaders in Chicago at the COnvention
What was the 2nd new left movement?
Free Speech Movement
Who was Mario Savio?
student leader of the Free Speech movement
What was The Machine Speech
He demanded people speak about what concerns them in life, not letting the government tell them what to say and think
What is a large hippie community called where everyone lived in harmony?
What was the explanation of Counterculture
Conformity and Mainstream
Andy Warhol famous for ...
Pop art movement
What was it called when many British bands dominated World music
Who spoke out as he saw injustice?
Considering the geography of the war, combat during thee war received this label
American Commander during the war
While looking to engage the enemy, soldiers often went on combat missions called...
Search and Destory
Two groups that disproportionately fought the war
JFK supported this in Vietnam
A coup de'tat
Who said "we can see the light at the end of the tunnel?
Who leaked governmewnt documentss regarding war efforts?
Reason for fightiong was to...
Avoid humiliating defeat
To who did the Peach with Honor appeal to?
The Silent Majority