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Flashcards in Vietnam War and Protests Deck (87):
1

Who did France control since the late 19th century before China dominated the land?

Indochina

2

What does Indochina refer to?

Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia

3

Who was the Nationalist leader of Vietnam?

Ho Chi Minh

4

What was the group of fighters Ho Chi Minh created to resist the French?

Vietminh

5

What year did Eisenhower enter office?

53

6

Why did Eisenhower choose to support South Vietnam?

Domino Theory

7

Who controlled North Vietnam?

Ho Chi Minh

8

Who controlled South Vietnam?

Ngo Dinh Diem

9

What is Ho Chi Minhs new forces called?

Vietcong

10

What did the Buddihst munk do to himself?

Self-immolation

11

How many military advisors did Kennedy increase to?

16,000

12

What is a violent overthrow of a government called?

Coup d'etat

13

Why was Diem and his borther murdered?

The Coup d'etat

14

Two U.S. warships were attacked by North Vietnamese ships which

Tonkin Gulf Incident

15

This authorized the president to "take all necessary measures to repel any armed attack against the forces of the United States and prevent further aggression"

Gulf of Tonkin Resolutiuon

16

When did the 1st US ground troops arive?

1965

17

Gurella group created by Ho Chi Minh to take over South Vietnam after division

Vietcong

18

What type of war was the Vietnam war considered?

Defensive

19

Progress of the war was made with

Bodycounts

20

In 1965, US sustained bombings of North Vietnam known as?

Operation Rolling Thunder

21

A small explosive gasoline substance. Filled in bombs which caused an intense explosion

Carpet bombing - napalm

22

How did the Vietcong receive supplies?

The Ho Chi Minh trail

23

Where did the Ho CHi Minh trail run from?

North Vietnam through Lao and Cambodia to South Vietnam

24

Role of the TV/Media on the outcome of the war was

Helped turn public opinion against the war

25

Vietnam War was known as the first "______ ____" war

Living room

26

What made it trough to identify who the enemy was?

It could be anybody, and old man, woman, child, or no uniform

27

What was the Tet Offensive?

Where the N. Vietnamese Army and the Vietcong attacked the south at the same time

28

Was the Tet Offensives a surprise attack?

YES

29

What was attacked in the Tet Offensive?

100 cities, bases, and the US embassy in Saigon

30

How long did the Fighting after the Tet offensive last?

Almost a month

31

How did the Ho Chi Minh trial create a problem for the US war effort?

The US had to expand the fighting outside of Vietnam to attack the supply route

32

Who has the military victory for the Tet Offensive?

The allies

33

Why is it seen as a strategic, psychological, political victory for the Vietcong by the media?

The US had said THE VIETCONG WAS CLOSE TO DEFEAT BUT THEE LARGE ATTACK WOULD SHOW THE Vietcong was strong and the US would never outlast them and win the war

34

What was the US reaction to the Tet Offensive?

Disbelief, Anger, and Distrust of the Johnson admionistration

35

What did the Anti-war protesters yell at the president?

Hey, Hey, LBJ! How many kids did you kill today?

36

What did Johnsons popularity drop from and to?

48% to 36%

37

What is a credibility gap?

TV images shove s a tough war that didn't seem to be going well. Many Americans stopped believing what the government was saying

38

Who led the Mai Lai Massacre?

Lt. William Calley, Platoon Leader

39

What was the My Lai Massacre?

Slaughter of 200-500 unarmed villagers

40

Countires that controlled Vietnam throughout the ages

China
France
Japanese
France

41

Agreement which divided Vietnam in 1954 at the 17th parallel

Geneva Accord

42

Area that divided North and South Vietnam

Demilitarized zone

43

Capital of South Vietnam

Saigon

44

Capital of North Vietnam

Hanoi

45

Vietnam war was similar to what war in American history?

Revolutionary War

46

Nicknamed "Charlie"

Vietcong

47

What New York times released and sued government over

Pentagon Papers

48

Nixon's policy that trned fighting of the war over to the south Vietnamese army rather than American soilders.

Vietnamization

49

The "Exit Strategy" for the withdraw of US forces from Vietnam

Vietnamization

50

Caused cancer to American soldiers and destroyed trees

Agent Orange

51

1969 Rock Festival - ultimate point in the counterculture of the Hippie age

Woodstock

52

Street Corner intersection that was a popular hippie destionation

Haight-Ashbury

53

Leader of the Students for a Democratic Society

Tom Hayden

54

Proposed amendment to end discrimination against women which failed to be added to the constitution

Title VII

55

Women's typical role in the decade before the Women's Movement began

House wife

56

Wrote the Feminine Mystique, which launched modern day women movements

Betty Friedan

57

Group dedicated to promotion of Women's movement through the leadership of Gloria Steinem and Ms.

NOW

58

Supreme court case that ruled States could not regulate a woman's rights to have an abortion

Row vs. Wade

59

Chemical which polluted rivers and streams and motivated Americans be concerned about environmental things when birds started dying

DDT

60

Name of book which promoted the Environmental Movemewnt

Silent Spring

61

Woman who is credited with creating the Enviromental Movement

Rachel Carson

62

America's most famous Consumer advocate of the 1960's and author of "Unsafe at any speed"


Ralph Nader

63

Law reuqiring universites to offer an equal amount of men's and women's sports teams

Title 9

64

The decade that many viewed as a backwards step for the Women's movement after the progress Women had made in WWII

1950's

65

Leader of the protest concerning 1st amendment rights

Mario Savio

66

President that escalated the war but placed limits on the war because he was fearful of involving the Soviet Union and China

LBJ

67

What movement questioned conformity and was the original counterculture?

Beat movement/ Beatnik writers

68

What was the 1st new left movement?

Students for a Democratic Society

69

Student potestor leaders in Chicago at the COnvention

"The Chicago"

70

What was the 2nd new left movement?

Free Speech Movement

71

Who was Mario Savio?

student leader of the Free Speech movement

72

What was The Machine Speech

He demanded people speak about what concerns them in life, not letting the government tell them what to say and think

73

What is a large hippie community called where everyone lived in harmony?

Commune

74

What was the explanation of Counterculture

Conformity and Mainstream

75

Andy Warhol famous for ...

Pop art movement

76

What was it called when many British bands dominated World music

"British Invasion"

77

Who spoke out as he saw injustice?

Bob Dylan

78

Considering the geography of the war, combat during thee war received this label

Jungle Warfare

79

American Commander during the war

William Westmoreland

80

While looking to engage the enemy, soldiers often went on combat missions called...

Search and Destory

81

Two groups that disproportionately fought the war

Working class
Minority

82

JFK supported this in Vietnam

A coup de'tat

83

Who said "we can see the light at the end of the tunnel?

General Westmoreland

84

Who leaked governmewnt documentss regarding war efforts?

Daniel Ellsburg

85

Reason for fightiong was to...

Avoid humiliating defeat

86

To who did the Peach with Honor appeal to?

The Silent Majority

87

Who was the Peace with Honor by?

Nixon