Colonial Period and Independence Flashcards Preview

Civics (History and Government) Questions for the Naturalization Test > Colonial Period and Independence > Flashcards

Flashcards in Colonial Period and Independence Deck (13)
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1

What is one reason colonists came to America?

▪ freedom
▪ political liberty
▪ religious freedom
▪ economic opportunity
▪ practice their religion
▪ escape persecution

2

Who lived in America before the Europeans arrived?

▪ American Indians
▪ Native Americans

3

What group of people was taken to America and sold as slaves?

▪ Africans
▪ people from Africa

4

Why did the colonists fight the British?

▪ because of high taxes (taxation without representation)
▪ because the British army stayed in their houses (boarding, quartering)
▪ because they didn’t have self-government

5

Who wrote the Declaration of Independence?

▪ (Thomas) Jefferson

6

When was the Declaration of Independence adopted?

▪ July 4, 1776

7

There were 13 original states. Name three.

▪ New Hampshire
▪ Massachusetts
▪ Rhode Island
▪ Connecticut
▪ New York
▪ New Jersey
▪ Pennsylvania
▪ Delaware
▪ Maryland
▪ Virginia
▪ North Carolina
▪ South Carolina
▪ Georgia

8

What happened at the Constitutional Convention?

▪ The Constitution was written.
▪ The Founding Fathers wrote the Constitution.

9

When was the Constitution written?

▪ 1787

10

The Federalist Papers supported the passage of the U.S. Constitution. Name one of the writers.

▪ (James) Madison
▪ (Alexander) Hamilton
▪ (John) Jay
▪ Publius

11

What is one thing Benjamin Franklin is famous for?

▪ U.S. diplomat
▪ oldest member of the Constitutional Convention
▪ first Postmaster General of the United States
▪ writer of “Poor Richard’s Almanac”
▪ started the first free libraries

12

Who is the “Father of Our Country”?

▪ (George) Washington

13

Who was the first President?*

▪ (George) Washington