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Civics (History and Government) Questions for the Naturalization Test > System of Government > Flashcards

Flashcards in System of Government Deck (35)
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1

Name one branch or part of the government.*

▪ Congress
▪ legislative
▪ President
▪ executive
▪ the courts
▪ judicial

2

What stops one branch of government from becoming too powerful?

▪ checks and balances
▪ separation of powers

3

Who is in charge of the executive branch?

▪ the President

4

Who makes federal laws?

▪ Congress
▪ Senate and House (of Representatives)
▪ (U.S. or national) legislature

5

What are the two parts of the U.S. Congress?*

▪ the Senate and House (of Representatives)

6

How many U.S. Senators are there?

▪ one hundred (100)

7

We elect a U.S. Senator for how many years?

▪ six (6)

8

Who is one of your state’s U.S. Senators now?*

▪ Kirsten E. Gillibrand
▪ Charles E. Schumer

9

The House of Representatives has how many voting members?

▪ four hundred thirty-five (435)

10

We elect a U.S. Representative for how many years?

▪ two (2)

11

Name your U.S. Representative.

▪ Charles B. Rangel

12

Who does a U.S. Senator represent?

▪ all people of the state

13

Why do some states have more Representatives than other states?

▪ (because of) the state’s population
▪ (because) they have more people
▪ (because) some states have more people

14

We elect a President for how many years?

▪ four (4)

15

In what month do we vote for President?*

▪ November

16

What is the name of the President of the United States now?*

▪ Barack Obama
▪ Obama

17

What is the name of the Vice President of the United States now?

▪ Joseph R. Biden, Jr.
▪ Joe Biden
▪ Biden

18

If the President can no longer serve, who becomes President?

▪ the Vice President

19

If both the President and the Vice President can no longer serve, who becomes President?

▪ the Speaker of the House

20

Who is the Commander in Chief of the military?

▪ the President

21

Who signs bills to become laws?

▪ the President

22

Who vetoes bills?

▪ the President

23

What does the President’s Cabinet do?

▪ advises the President

24

What are two Cabinet-level positions?

▪ Secretary of Agriculture
▪ Secretary of Commerce
▪ Secretary of Defense
▪ Secretary of Education
▪ Secretary of Energy
▪ Secretary of Health and Human Services
▪ Secretary of Homeland Security
▪ Secretary of Housing and Urban Development
▪ Secretary of the Interior
▪ Secretary of Labor
▪ Secretary of State
▪ Secretary of Transportation
▪ Secretary of the Treasury
▪ Secretary of Veterans Affairs
▪ Attorney General
▪ Vice President

25

What does the judicial branch do?

▪ reviews laws
▪ explains laws
▪ resolves disputes (disagreements)
▪ decides if a law goes against the Constitution

26

What is the highest court in the United States?

▪ the Supreme Court

27

How many justices are on the Supreme Court?

▪ nine (9)

28

Who is the Chief Justice of the United States now?

▪ John Roberts (John G. Roberts, Jr.)

29

Under our Constitution, some powers belong to the federal government. What is one power of the federal government?

▪ to print money
▪ to declare war
▪ to create an army
▪ to make treaties

30

Under our Constitution, some powers belong to the states. What is one power of the states?

▪ provide schooling and education
▪ provide protection (police)
▪ provide safety (fire departments)
▪ give a driver’s license
▪ approve zoning and land use