colour theory Flashcards Preview

Intermediate Art and Design > colour theory > Flashcards

Flashcards in colour theory Deck (24):
1

ROYGBIV

red orange yellow green blue indigo violet

2

colour is a function...

of light. we don't see colour

3

colour is...

comparative, we are influenced by the colours that are around the colour we are looking at to perceive it on the spectrum

4

additive colour wheel

the colour spectrum in which when you mix all 3 primary colours evenly, it creates white

5

additive primary colours

RGB, red green blue, you can't make them, but you can make all other colours from these 3 colours

6

additive secondary colours

colours that are made by mixing two equal parts of primary colours (Cyan, Magenta, Yellow)

7

tertiary colour

equal parts secondary and primary mixed

8

subtractive colour wheel

PIGMENT
- the colour spectrum in which when you mix all 3 primary colours evenly, it creates a dark, browny grey

9

subtractive primary colours

red yellow blue

10

subtractive seconday colours

purple, orange and green

11

synonyms for colours:

chroma and hue (our perceived colour names)

12

achroma:

absents of colour, black white greyscale

13

saturation

the intensity colour, another good way to desaturate your colour is to add complementary colour, but will eventually turn grey

14

tinting

adding white to lower the saturation

15

shade

adding black to lower saturation

16

value

light and dark. how light or dark a colour is.

17

brightness

how much light the colour reflects, comparison to other colours

18

constancy

how much does that colour stay the same in different lighting conditions (EG red is the first colour that drops out of our vision when it starts to get dark)

19

triade colour scheme

scheme: three colours on the colour wheel that are equal distance apart
usually the three primary colours
- bright, intense

20

monochromatic colour scheme:

variation of ONE colour
- harmonious

21

analogous colour scheme

colours side by side on the colour wheel (usually limited to three different colours) harmonious because they all share a common base colour
- tranquil

22

complementary colour scheme

colours on the opposite side of the colour wheel
- punchy, vibrant

23

tetradic colour scheme (double complementary)

two primary colours, and two of their complementary colours

24

colour relationships

triade
monochromatic
analogous
complementary
tetradic